Vitreoretinal Complications in Boston Keratoprosthesis Type 1.

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To evaluate the incidence of vitreoretinal complications, treatment modalities, and the visual outcomes in a large cohort of eyes that underwent Boston Keratoprosthesis (KPro) implantation.Retrospective, interventional case series.132 eyes of 114 patients who underwent KPro implantation at the Centre Hospitalier de l’Université de Montréal from 2008 to 2017 were included with at least 1 year follow-up. Charts were reviewed and data was collected, including demographics, initial corneal indication for surgery, posterior segment complications, preoperative and postoperative visual acuity.Mean follow-up was 68.2 months and 61.4% of eyes developed postoperative vitreoretinal complications (VRC). The most common VRC was RPM formation (38.6%, n=51) followed by RD (15.2%, n=20), CME (12.1%, n=16), ERM (9.8%, n=13), endophthalmitis (9.1%, n=12), sterile vitritis (7.6%, n=10), vitreous hemorrhage (6.8%, n=9), choroidal detachment (3.0%, n=4) and central retinal vein occlusion (0.7%, n=1). BCVA improved in the no VRC group from 1.74 ± 0.33 logMAR to 1.33±0.83 logMAR and in the VRC group from 1.74±0.36 logMAR to 1.52±0.83 logMAR, without any statistically significant intergroup differences (p=0.231). RD was the only significant complication associated with poorer visual outcomes (p=0.001).Potentially blinding secondary complications occur in the majority of patients and frequent monitoring is necessary, specifically in the early and intermediate postoperative periods. This study evidenced significant improvements in visual outcomes of KPro eyes, including those that developed postoperative vitreoretinal complications.

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Authors: Diana Khair, Ali Salimi, Mona Harissi-Dagher