Vestibular Function After Bilateral Simultaneous Cochlear Implantation.
Thanks to the advantages of hearing-in-noise and spatial orientation, currently bilateral cochlear implantation (CI) became popular for patients with profound hearing loss. The aim of this study was to investigate vestibular function in bilateral simultaneous CI recipients.Retrospective analysis.University hospital.Sixteen patients with profound hearing loss were included.Bilateral simultaneous CI with flexible electrode using round window approach.Vestibular function was evaluated using both objective and subjective measures in the subjects preoperatively and 4 months postoperatively. Differences were analyzed preoperatively and postoperatively.Preoperative vestibular tests revealed that 8 subjects (50%) had abnormal caloric test results, 11 ears (34.4%) had abnormal ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential results, 6 ears (18.8%) had abnormal cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential results, 7 ears (21.9%) in the anterior semicircular canal, and 6 ears (18.8%) in the posterior semicircular canal had gain loss. However, surgery significantly decreased the sums of the maximal slow-phase velocities evidenced by caloric test (p ‹ 0.05). Cervical vestibular-evoked myogenic potential abnormal rate significantly increased to 53.1% after surgery (p ‹ 0.05). The postoperative changes regarding ocular vestibular-evoked myogenic potential, video head impulse test (vHIT), and Dizziness Handicap Inventory (DHI) were not significant among all the patients. Patients diagnosed as large vestibular aqueduct syndrome showed significantly higher DHI scores than others (p ‹ 0.05). Spearman’s correlation analysis revealed that DHI moderately correlated with the dysfunction of semicircular canals evidenced by vHIT (r = 0.702; p
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Authors: Tao Yan, Fangru Zong, Xiao Han, Qiuhong Li, Ruru Qiao, Xiaojing Wang, Hanbing Zhang