Using circulating O-sulfotyrosine in the differential diagnosis of acute kidney injury and chronic kidney disease.

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Sulfation of tyrosine, yielding O-sulfotyrosine, is a common but fixed post-translational modification in eukaryotes. Patients with increased circulating O-sulfotyrosine levels experience a faster decline in renal function with progression to end-stage renal disease (ESRD). In the present study, we measured serum O-sulfotyrosine levels in individuals with chronic kidney disease (CKD) and acute kidney injury (AKI) to explore its ability to differentiate AKI from CKD.A total of 135 patients (20 with AKI and 115 with CKD) were recruited prospectively for liquid chromatography-mass spectrometry assessment of circulating O-sulfotyrosine. We also studied C57BL/6 mice with CKD after 5/6 nephrectomy (Nx). Blood samples were drawn from the tail vein on Day 1, 3, 5, 7, 14, 30, 60, and 90 after CKD. Serum separation and characterization of creatinine, blood urea nitrogen (BUN), and O-sulfotyrosine was performed. Thus, the time-concentration curves of the O-sulfotyrosine level demonstrate the variation of kidney dysfunction.The serum levels of O-sulfotyrosine were markedly increased in patients with CKD compared with AKI. Median O-sulfotyrosine levels in CKD patients versus AKI, respectively, were as follows:243.61 ng/mL(interquartile range [IQR] = 171.90-553.86) versus 126.55 ng/mL (IQR = 48.19-185.03, P = 0.004). In patients with CKD, O-sulfotyrosine levels were positively correlated with creatinine, BUN, and Cystatin C (r = 0.63, P 

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Authors: Shuai Chen, Yong-Hua Liu, Dao-Peng Dai, Zheng-Bin Zhu, Yang Dai, Zhi-Ming Wu, Li-Ping Zhang, Zhi-Feng Duan, Lin Lu, Feng-Hua Ding, Jin-Zhou Zhu, Rui-Yan Zhang