Usefulness of Visfatin as a Predictor of Atrial Fibrillation Recurrence After Ablation Procedure.

Visfatin is an adipokine produced by visceral fat tissue and takes part in fibrosis and inflammatory response. In the heart muscle, it is connected with the progression of atherosclerosis. Currently, there is no data on how visfatin affects atrial fibrillation (AF) onset. The study aimed to establish if baseline visfatin levels are connected with the risk of arrhythmia recurrence after AF ablation. In this prospective, long-term, observational study, we enrolled 290 consecutive patients admitted for AF ablation. All patients were screened for cardiovascular risk factors and had blood serum taken to measure visfatin concentrations before the ablation procedure. The end point of the study was a recurrence of the AF, defined as at least one AF episode of at any moment during the follow-up period. The screening included AF of at least 30 second duration assessed with electrocardiogram (ECG) monitoring, including 24-hour ECG Holter monitoring, implantable pacemakers, implantable defibrillators, or subcutaneous ECG monitoring devices. After excluding patients disqualified from the procedure the study population consisted of 236 patients, mean age 57.8 years (64.8% male). Mean body mass index in the population was 29.6  ±  4.8 kg/m2 and arterial hypertension was highly prevalent (73.3% of patients). In 129 (54.7%) cases we observed recurrence of AF during the follow-up period. Patients with AF recurrence had higher visfatin levels (1.7 ± 2.4 vs 2.1 ± 1.9 ng/ml; p <0.0001) and multivariate logistic regression analysis containing age, sex, and other independent variables showed that patients with elevated visfatin levels were almost 3-time more likely to experience AF recurrence (odds ratio 2.92; 95% confidence interval 1.60 to 5.32). In conclusion, patients with higher visfatin levels are at elevated risk of arrhythmia recurrence after ablation for AF. Visfatin can be a useful marker for risk stratification in this group of patients.

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