Three Synchronous Head and Neck Cancers: A Multidisciplinary and Surgical Challenge.

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Second primary cancer (SPC) is a term used to describe a new primary cancer occurring in patients who had formerly been diagnosed with tumor. Even though SPCs appear to be related to primary cancers, they are actually entities that have arisen independently and not as a result of recurrence. This report is of the first case in literature of a patient hospitalized for the surgical treatment of 3 synchronous Head and Neck Cancers. A 66-year-old male was admitted to our hospital (Ospedale Degli Infermi-Biella, Italy) complaining about pharyngodynia. Three different lesions were identified through endoscopic examination and narrow band imaging: the first one on left tonsil, the second one on epiglottis, and the third one on right aryepiglottic fold. The case was subject to a multidisciplinary team analysis due to its complexity, then the surgery consisted in (1) CO2 laser left tonsillectomy, associated with (2) CO2 laser excision of the lesion on epiglottis free edge, and (3) CO2 laser excision of right aryepiglottic fold lesion. Synchronous tumors are among the most defiant challenges for surgeons since no international guideline specifies differentiated strategies to be adopted in patients affected by synchronous Head and Neck Cancers, therefore surgical planning must be tailored differently from patient to patient, and many unsolved questions still concern clinical treatments to be adopted.

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Authors: Fabio Bertone, Emanuele Robiolio, Luca Robiolio, Daniele Liscia, Carmine F Gervasio