The Viability and Growth of HaCaT Cells After Exposure to Bioactive Glass S53P4-Containing Cell Culture Media.
Bioactive glass (BG) S53P4 reduces the viability of epidermal keratinocyte-derived immortalized cell line, HaCaT in sufficient concentrations in vitro.Although used in mastoid obliteration surgery, there is no data available on whether BG S53P4 granules have an inhibitory or excitatory effect on keratinocytes, found in normal skin and ear cholesteatoma in vivo.HaCaT cell cultures were incubated with a direct BG S53P4 granule contact. Microscopic evaluation of the cultures was performed and interleukin-6 (IL-6) and -8 (IL-8) concentrations were measured from the medium samples. In addition, BG granules were incubated in two cell culture media for 6 days and the pure media were used in confluent HaCaT cultures preceding cell viability assay. Finally, a scratch assay test was performed to reveal the possible BG effect on HaCaT cultures.Eight to ten cell thick layers of dead HaCaT cells were noticed after a 2-day BG granule contact. With a BG concentration of 2.5%, IL-6 and IL-8 concentrations were smaller compared with the control group without BG after 2 days’ incubation. Overall, HaCaT cell viability decreased when BG was incubated in keratinocyte growth medium, but did not change in Dulbecco’s modified Eagle’s medium. In a scratch assay test, cell regrowth in the scratch area was notable in cultures without BG.BG S53P4 seems to have an inhibitory effect on HaCaT cell growth. Although further studies are needed, this observation seems advantageous for cholesteatoma treatment.