The Latest Thoracic Surgery Articles

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The latest thoracic surgery articles from leading medical journals.

  • Ectopic intrapulmonary follicular adenoma diagnosed by surgical resection.
    Ectopic intrapulmonary thyroid tissue is extremely rare and considerably difficult to diagnose without surgery. Ectopic thyroid tissue, described as a mediastinal tumor, and intrapulmonary lesions are infrequent. An abnormal shadow was detected upon chest X-ray in a 60-year old woman with a history of benign thyroid goiter. A computed tomography scan revealed a solitary nodule […]
  • Severe stenosis of bioprosthetic valve due to late valve thrombosis.
    The typical cause of bioprosthetic valve dysfunction over years is calcification of leaflets, pannus formation, or tears due to structural degeneration. Thrombosis is rare as the valves get endothelialized early on, and, hence, anticoagulation is not recommended beyond 6 months after valve replacement. While bioprosthetic valve thrombosis is unusual (0.03% to 0.34%/year), it can be […]
  • Rupture of aneurysmal coronary-to-pulmonary artery fistula in a 96-year-old female; report of a case.
    Coronary artery fistula (CAF) is a relatively rare congenital abnormality of the coronary arteries; typically, patients who undergo surgery for CAFs are relatively young because it is a congenital disease. Here we present a case of an aneurysmal coronary-to-pulmonary artery fistula rupture in a 96-year-old female. Considering her extreme high age and missing preoperative diagnostics, […]
  • Time of day does not influence outcomes in acute type A aortic dissection: Results from the IRAD.
    Type A acute aortic dissection (TAAAD) represents a surgical emergency requiring intervention regardless of time of day. Whether such a “evening effect” exists regarding outcomes for TAAAD has not been previously studied using a large registry data.Patients with TAAAD were identified from the International Registry of Acute Aortic Dissections (1996-2019). Outcomes were compared between patients […]
  • Advantages and disadvantages of corticosteroid use for acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia after pulmonary resection.
    Acute exacerbation of interstitial pneumonia (AE-IP) is the top cause of 30-day mortality in surgery for lung cancer patients. The general treatment for AE-IP is corticosteroid; however, there are some disadvantages of corticosteroid use after surgery. This study was conducted to report the clinical course of AE-IP after surgery and evaluate the effect of corticosteroid […]
  • Robotic coronary artery surgery: Outcomes and pitfalls.
    Coronary artery bypass grafting is one of the most commonly performed surgical procedures in cardiovascular surgery with a steadily evolving minimally invasive approach.Conventional coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is performed traditionally via midline sternotomy. Exciting advancements in technology and engineering over the last two decades have resulted in the transition from conventional to minimally invasive […]
  • Left atrial appendage exclusion is effective in reducing postoperative stroke after mitral valve replacement.
    This study aimed to evaluate the role of surgical left atrial appendage (LAA) exclusion in the prevention of stroke after mitral valve replacement (MVR).We retrospectively reviewed clinical data of 860 patients who received MVR in our center from January 2008 to January 2013. The patients were randomly assigned to two surgical groups, namely LAA exclusion […]
  • Does adding a root replacement in type A aortic dissection repair provide better outcomes?
    Acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD), is a surgical emergency often requiring intervention on the aortic root. There is much controversy regarding root management; aggressively pursuing a root replacement, versus more conservative approaches to preserve native structures.Electronic database search we performed through PubMed, Embase, SCOPUS, google scholar, and Cochrane identifying studies that reported on outcomes […]
  • Emergency management of the COVID-19 pandemic in a vascular surgery department of a large metropolitan hospital in Italy. Preparation, escalation, de-escalation, and normal activity.
    During the first phase of coronavirus disease-2019 (COVID-19) pandemic in Italy, several strategies have been taken to deal with the pandemic outbreak.To report the remodeling of the Vascular Surgery Department of San Raffaele Hospital as regards the strategies of preparation, escalation, and return to normal activities during the COVID-19 pandemic.The Regional Authority of Lombardy remodeled […]
  • Comparison of device-specific adverse event profiles between Impella platforms.
    The Impella (Abiomed) ventricular support system is a family of temporary mechanical circulatory support (MCS) devices used to treat patients with cardiogenic shock, acute cardiogenic decompensation, and for high-risk percutaneous or surgical revascularization. These devices include the percutaneously implanted 2.5/cardiac power (CP) and the surgically implanted 5.0/left direct (LD). Despite the beneficial effects and increased […]
  • Transcatheter procedures in structural heart disease: The surgeon stepping-in.
    The seismic impact of transcatheter interventions is rocking the spectrum of structural heart disease (SHD) treatment, with the compelling and attractive appeal of minimally invasive procedures and fast-track discharge. The trend is relentless and continual innovation comes to our doors nearly on a daily basis. Litwinowicz and colleagues describe their trailblazing experience in 223 consecutive […]
  • Benefits of perioperative sildenafil therapy in children with a ventricular septal defect with pulmonary artery hypertension on early surgical outcomes.
    Pulmonary hypertension is a common association in children with nonrestrictive ventricular septal defect. It increases perioperative mortality and morbidity. Oral sildenafil is an effective pulmonary vasodilator. In this study, we assessed effects of perioperative oral sildenafil therapy on pulmonary artery pressure and early surgical outcomes.This was a single centre, prospective randomized control study. Thirty children […]
  • EMPROVING outcomes: Evaluating the effect of an ultralung protective strategy for patients with ARDS treated with ECMO.
    Since the initiation of an adult extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) program at our institution, the program has managed well over 200 patients with ECMO in a 3-year time frame. While there is a plethora of research evaluating ECMO for acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS), few studies have evaluated the impact that ventilator management after cannulation […]
  • Why should cardiac surgeons occlude the left atrial appendage percutaneously?
    Percutaneous left atrial appendage (LAA) occlusion (LAAO) is a procedure dominated by cardiologists. The aim of our study was to present the results of percutaneous LAAO performed solely by cardiac surgeons.Two hundred twenty-three consecutive patients with nonvalvular atrial fibrillation underwent percutaneous LAAO in two cardiac surgery sites. In the first center, all 84 LAAO procedures […]
  • Occlusion following the deployment of MANTA VCD after TAVR.
    We present a complication following the deployment of the MANTA vascular closure device (VCD) following a transcatheter aortic valve replacement procedure which resulted in occlusion of the common femoral artery.To address possible complications associated with MANTA VCD.This was addressed by ballooning the site from the contralateral side which re-established flow.We believe this is the first […]
  • Management of acute type A aortic dissection during COVID-19 outbreak: The Anzhen experience.
    We seek to report our management protocol and early outcomes of acute type A aortic dissection (ATAAD) repair during the early phase of coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19).From January 23 to April 30, 2020, we performed ATAAD repair for 33 patients, including three with pregnancy-related TAADs. Confirmation of COVID-19 depended on the results of two nucleic […]
  • Coronary artery bypass grafting: Factors affecting outcomes.
    Coronary artery bypass grafting forms the bulk of a cardiac surgeon’s workload. An extensive amount of research has been undertaken to improve the outcomes of this procedure. This literature review aimed to summarize key areas that influence coronary artery bypass grafting in modern day practice.A comprehensive electronic search was done using PubMed, Ovid, SCOPUS, Embase […]
  • The coronary sinus interatrial connection with total unroofing coronary sinus discovered late after correction of secundum atrial septal defect.
    A coronary sinus (CS) interatrial connection is a rare congenital anomaly which can be in various types from atrial septal defect type unroofing CS to the total absence of the CS. The pathology usually accompanies the left superior caval vein (LSCV) draining to CS and in case of its absence directly to the left atrium […]
  • Preparation, escalation, de-escalation, and normal activities.
    Iran is one of the earliest countries involved with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) pandemic. In the present short report, we have presented our experiences as a cardiovascular tertiary center during the COVID-19 outbreak. At the beginning, we have pursued our activities in four field of administrative, preventative, therapeutic, and research. Then by gaining new experiences, […]
  • Perioperative improvement in serum albumin level in patients with left ventricular assist device.
    The negative impact of baseline hypoalbuminemia on clinical outcome following left ventricular assist device (LVAD) implantation is well known. However, the implications of perioperative change in serum albumin levels on post-LVAD outcomes remain uninvestigated.Among consecutive patients with baseline serum albumin <3.5 g/dl who received durable LVAD implantation between April 2014 and August 2017 and were followed […]
  • Re-exploration after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting: Incidence, risk factors, and impact of timing.
    Re-exploration after cardiac surgery still remains a troublesome complication. There is still a scarcity of data about the effect of re-exploration after off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (OPCABG). We here represent our experience on re-exploration following OPCABG.A total of 5990 OPCABG were performed at our center, out of these patients, 132 (2.2%) were re-explored in the operation […]
  • New York’s perspective of COVID 19: Effect and impact on cardiac surgery.
    First reported in December of 2019, the COVID-19 pandemic caused by SARS-CoV-2 has had a profound impact on the implementation of care. Here, we describe our institutional experience with a rapid influx of patients at the epicenter of the pandemic.We retrospectively review our experience with the departments of cardiology, cardiothoracic surgery, anesthesia, and critical care medicine […]
  • Intraoperative management of a hybrid extracorporeal membrane oxygenation circuit for lung transplantation.
    The use of extracorporeal circulation (ECC) for intraoperative cardiopulmonary support during lung transplantation has been increasing in the recent years. Our group previously described a novel hybrid extracorporeal membrane oxygenation (ECMO) circuit for use in lung transplantation.Our approach for intraoperative management of our novel hybrid ECMO circuit for lung transplantation is driven by two main […]
  • Anticoagulation and antiplatelet therapy in patients with prosthetic heart valves.
    The choice of antithrombotic therapy, anticoagulants or antiplatelets, after prosthetic heart valve replacement or repair, remains a disputed topic in the literature. Antithrombotic therapies are used after heart valve intervention to reduce the rates of thromboembolic events, therefore improving patient outcomes. Different interventions may require different therapeutic regimens to achieve the most efficacious clinical outcome […]
  • Effects of antidiabetic medications on cardiovascular outcomes.
    Hyperglycemia is associated with an increased risk of adverse cardiovascular outcomes, such as heart failure, coronary heart disease, stroke, and in-hospital mortality. For those receiving cardiac surgery, up to half develop hyperglycemia while 30% have a diagnosis of diabetes, which is defined by chronic hyperglycemia. Due to a prothrombic state and endovascular damage, patients with […]
  • Surgical revision after percutaneous mitral valve repair by edge-to-edge device in high-risk patients.
    Patients scheduled for surgery after unsuccessful MitraClip® intervention present increasingly with multiple comorbidities, and they are often referred to the heart team to suggest the most appropriate intervention. The publication of successful results of initial patient cohorts treated with the MitraClip device has resulted in recruitment of more seriously ill patients, who otherwise would have […]
  • Nuss procedure for pectus excavatum in a patient with cleidocranial dysplasia.
    Cleidocranial dysplasia is an autosomal skeletal disorder resulting from delayed or abnormal ossification of bony growth. Pectus excavatum independently presented in a 9-year-old boy with cleidocranial dysplasia and was corrected using the Nuss procedure. There were no perioperative complications, and the post-operative course was uneventful. Although there were concerns regarding extraordinary late consolidation or remodeling […]
  • Severe scoliosis with an impaired pulmonary allograft function after pediatric unilateral lung transplantation.
    Left-unilateral single-lobe lung transplantation from a living donor was performed in a 4-year-old boy who suffered from severe respiratory failure caused by bronchiolitis obliterans (BO) as a result of graft versus host disease (GVHD) after peripheral blood stem cell transplantation (PBSCT). The patient grew well during his early childhood years, with an excellent lung allograft […]
  • Intercostal nerve cryoablation versus thoracic epidural for postoperative analgesia following pectus excavatum repair: a systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Minimally invasive pectus excavatum repair via the Nuss procedure is associated with significant postoperative pain that is considered as the dominant factor affecting the duration of hospitalization. Postoperative pain after the Nuss procedures is commonly controlled by thoracic epidural analgesia. Recently, intercostal nerve cryoablation has been proposed as an alternative method with long-acting pain control […]
  • Protein-losing enteropathy and plastic bronchitis after the Fontan procedure.
    Protein losing enteropathy and plastic bronchitis are severe complications in Fontan circulation, with 5-year survival ranging from 46% to 88%. We report risk factors and outcomes of protein losing enteropathy and plastic bronchitis in patients undergoing the Fontan.We performed a retrospective analysis of 1561 patients from the Australia New Zealand Fontan Registry. Two end points […]
  • Cell-free DNA in human ex vivo lung perfusate as a potential biomarker to predict the risk of primary graft dysfunction in lung transplantation.
    Cell-free DNA (cfDNA), such as mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) and nuclear DNA (nuDNA), are known to be released from injured cells and as such have been explored as biomarkers for tissue injury in different clinical settings. Ex vivo lung perfusion (EVLP) has been developed as an effective technique for marginal donor lung functional assessment. We hypothesized that […]
  • Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a viable option as a bridge to heart transplant.
    Venoarterial extracorporeal membrane oxygenation is a rescue therapy for patients in cardiogenic shock. We hypothesize that patients bridged to heart transplant with extracorporeal membrane oxygenation have decreased survival.The United Network of Organ Sharing database was retrospectively reviewed from January 1, 1999, to March 31, 2018, for heart transplant recipients. Recipients bridged with any form of […]
  • Long-term results of tricuspid reconstruction with pericardium in an infant.
    We report the long-term clinical outcome of an 8-month-old infant who underwent tricuspid reconstruction using fresh autologous pericardium for severe tricuspid regurgitation due to defects in the leaflets of the tricuspid valve after ventricular septal defect closure and ablation. Ten years after surgery, the tricuspid function is good with mild regurgitation and mild stenosis. From […]
  • Early repair of complete atrioventricular septal defect has better survival than staged repair after pulmonary artery banding: A propensity score-matched study.
    Complete atrioventricular septal defect (cAVSD) repair is usually performed between 3 and 6 months of age. However, some children present with early heart failure requiring intervention. It is unclear whether primary complete repair or initial pulmonary artery banding (PAB) provides better outcomes.All patients (n = 194) who underwent surgery for cAVSD younger than 3 months of age between 1990 […]
  • Repair of aortoesophageal fistula with homograft aortic replacement and primary esophageal closure.
    The presence of a fistula between the thoracic aorta and the esophagus is a rare and highly fatal condition. This study aimed to evaluate the outcomes of the surgical treatment of an aortoesophageal fistula (AEF).We retrospectively reviewed patients with AEF who underwent surgery at our institution.Between 2007 and 2018, a total of 10 patients who […]
  • Adverse events after coronary artery bypass grafting in patients with preoperative metabolic syndrome: A 10-year follow-up of the Veterans Affairs Database.
    Data regarding 10-year survival and adverse cardiovascular events in patients with metabolic syndrome (MET) after coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is limited.We compared 10-year events rates for veterans undergoing isolated CABG (January 1, 2005, to December 31, 2014, follow-up October 31, 2019) stratified by presence of metabolic syndrome (MET+) versus without (MET-). A multivariable weighted […]
  • Autogenous mitochondria transplantation for treatment of right heart failure.
    Right ventricular hypertrophy and failure are major causes of cardiac morbidity and mortality. A key event in the progression to right ventricular hypertrophy and failure is cardiomyocyte apoptosis due to mitochondrial dysfunction. We sought to determine whether localized intramyocardial injection of autologous mitochondria from healthy muscle treats heart failure.Mitochondria transplanted from different sources were initially […]
  • Outcomes of sleeve lobectomy versus pneumonectomy: A propensity score-matched study.
    To compare short- and long-term outcomes between sleeve lobectomy and pneumonectomy for lung cancer in a single center during a 15-year period.One thousand nine hundred eighty-one patients who underwent either a sleeve lobectomy (n = 964; 48.7%) or a pneumonectomy (n = 1017; 51.3%) from January 2003 to December 2017 at the Shanghai Pulmonary Hospital, were matched according to […]
  • Long-term outcome after early repair of complete atrioventricular septal defect in young infants.
    The long-term outcome after repair of complete atrioventricular septal defect in young infants is still not fully understood. The objective of this study was to evaluate data after repair for complete atrioventricular septal defect over a 25-year period to assess survival and identify risk factors for left atrioventricular valve-related reoperations.A total of 304 consecutive patients […]
  • Tumor-to-tumor metastasis: lung cancer within a thymoma.
    Tumor-to-tumor metastasis is a rare phenomenon. We present a rare case of an 83-year-old man with pulmonary squamous cell carcinoma and thymoma. Thymectomy and superior segmentectomy of the left lower lobe were successfully performed on the patient. This thymoma had a region of lung cancer. Metastasis from other tumors to thymoma is rare, and we […]
  • Non-intubated thoracoscopic lobectomies for lung cancer: an exploratory systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Our goal was to assess the safety, feasibility and oncological outcomes of non-intubated thoracoscopic lobectomies for non-small-cell lung cancer (NSCLC). A comprehensive search was performed in EMBASE (via Ovid), MEDLINE (via PubMed) and Cochrane CENTRAL from January 2004 to March 2020. Studies comparing non-intubated anaesthesia with intubated anaesthesia for thoracoscopic lobectomy for NSCLC were included. […]
  • Prognostic value of visceral pleural invasion in pure-solid and part-solid lung cancer patients.
    Visceral pleural invasion (VPI) indicates poor prognosis in non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC), and is defined as a T2 descriptor for T1-sized tumor. However, whether its prognostic impact differs between pure-solid and part-solid tumors as preoperative diagnostic imaging is controversial. We aimed to elucidate the prognostic difference of VPI in cT1-sized NSCLC according to radiological […]
  • Surgical treatment of primary pulmonary artery sarcoma.
    Primary pulmonary artery sarcoma (PAS) is a rare tumor that originates from the intimal layer of the pulmonary artery or pulmonary valve and has a poor prognosis. The standard treatment for this devastating disease remains unclear. This study aimed to summarize the current standard treatments for PAS.From September 2015 to January 2020, six patients were […]
  • International experience using a durable, centrifugal-flow ventricular assist device for biventricular support.
    Heart transplantation is limited by the scarcity of suitable donors. Patients with advanced biventricular failure may require biventricular support to provide optimal cardiac output and end-organ perfusion. We highlight the outcomes of using the HeartWare HVAD System (HVAD) in a biventricular configuration.This retrospective study included patients implanted with HVAD as a biventricular assist device (BiVAD) […]
  • Longitudinal lung function measurements in single lung transplant recipients with chronic lung allograft dysfunction.
    Phenotyping chronic lung allograft dysfunction (CLAD) in single lung transplant (SLTX) recipients is challenging. The aim of this study was to assess the diagnostic and prognostic value of longitudinal lung function tests in SLTX recipients with CLAD.A total of 295 SLTX recipients were analyzed and stratified according to native lung physiology. In addition to spirometry, […]
  • Postoperative pneumonia causes the loss of skeletal muscle volume and poor prognosis in patients undergoing esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.
    This retrospective study investigated the effect of postoperative pneumonia on the loss of skeletal muscle volume after esophagectomy for esophageal cancer.A total of 123 patients who had undergone esophagectomy for esophageal cancer and had (30 patients) or did not have (93 patients) postoperative pneumonia were included in the analysis. The association of clinicopathological characteristics with […]
  • Pleural infection-an indicator of morbidity and increased burden on health care.
    Patients with pleural infections frequently have several comorbidities and inferior long-term survival. We hypothesized that these patients represent a vulnerable cohort with high rates of hospitalization and frequent use of healthcare services. This study aims to ascertain the need for and causes of treatment episodes after pleural infections during long-term follow-up.Patients treated for pleural infections […]
  • Machine learning improves mortality risk prediction after cardiac surgery: Systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Interest in the usefulness of machine learning (ML) methods for outcomes prediction has continued to increase in recent years. However, the advantage of advanced ML model over traditional logistic regression (LR) remains controversial. We performed a systematic review and meta-analysis of studies comparing the discrimination accuracy between ML models versus LR in predicting operative mortality […]
  • Double transcatheter balloon-expandable valve implantation for severe valve dysfunction in high-risk patients: initial experience.
    Concomitant valvular heart valve disease is a frequent finding, with higher morbidity and mortality among patients undergoing redo surgical procedures. Our goal was to report our initial experience with combined transcatheter Inovare bioprosthesis implants for severe valve dysfunction.Among 300 transcatheter procedures, a total of 6 patients had concurrent simultaneous transcatheter bioprosthesis implants for severe mitral bioprosthesis […]
  • Prediction for residual regurgitation after MitraClip for functional mitral regurgitation using leaflet coaptation index.
    Given the recent growth in the number of MitraClip procedures in patients with functional mitral regurgitation (MR), there is interest in an echocardiographic index to predict technical success before intervention. We investigated the utility of a novel leaflet coaptation index (LCI) to predict outcomes after MitraClip in functional MR patients.Forty consecutive patients with functional MR […]
  • Outcomes in minimally invasive double valve surgery.
    To review current literature evidence on outcomes of minimally invasive double valve surgeries (MIS).A comprehensive electronic literature search was done from inception to 20th June 2020 identifying articles that discussed outcomes of minimally invasive approach in double valve surgeries either as a solo cohort or as comparative to conventional sternotomies. No limit was placed on […]
  • Resident perception of standardization and credentialing for high-risk bedside procedures in cardiothoracic surgery: Results from an institutional pilot study.
    Though clear-guidelines are set by the American Board of Thoracic Surgery (ABTS) for the operative cases that cardiothoracic surgery residents must perform to be board-eligible, no such recommendations exist to assess competency for the wide range of high-risk bedside procedures. Our department created and implemented a multidisciplinary course designed to standardize common high-risk bedside procedures […]
  • COVID 19-The Spanish perspective.
    COVID-19 hit hard worldwide. There has been an impact on global activity of cardiac surgery. Spain has been one of the hardest hit countries with one of the highest per population incidences and death.The following is an overview of the epidemiology and impact on resources, the caseload and surgical societal implemented recommendations, the description of […]
  • Analysis of clinical outcome and postoperative organ function effects in a propensity-matched comparison between conventional and minimally invasive mitral valve surgery.
    Minimally invasive mitral valve (MV) surgery (MIVT) is increasingly performed with excellent clinical outcome, despite longer procedural times. This study analyzes clinical outcomes and effects on secondary organ functions in a propensity-matched comparison with conventional MV surgery.Out of 439 patients undergoing MV surgery from January 2005 to May 2017, 233 patients were included after propensity-matching: […]
  • Giant coronary artery aneurysm masquerading as an anterior mediastinal mass.
    Coronary artery aneurysms are exceedingly rare and tend to be found incidentally on angiography. We present the case of a 6 cm giant coronary artery aneurysm discovered in a 25 year old man. Subsequent workup included cardiac-gated MRI, CT angiography, and left heart catheterization. Imaging revealed a 6.7 × 6.2 × 6.0 cm aneurysm involving the mid LAD subsequent to the takeoff […]
  • Effectiveness and postoperative pain level of single-port versus two-port thoracoscopic lobectomy for lung cancer: a retrospective cohort study.
    Single-port thoracoscopic lobectomy is a new therapeutic technique for patients with lung cancer; however, insufficient data are available regarding its clinical outcomes. We therefore compared the clinical outcomes of single-port and two-port thoracoscopic lobectomies for lung cancer.We retrospectively analyzed and compared the data of 204 and 368 patients with lung cancer who underwent single-port or […]
  • Mapping the collateral network: Optimal near-infrared spectroscopy optode placement.
    Paraplegia after extensive aortic procedures is a disastrous complication, and maintenance of adequate spinal cord perfusion/oxygenation is pivotal to its prevention. Collateral network (CN) near-infrared spectroscopy (cnNIRS) has been introduced as a noninvasive method for indirect spinal cord oxygenation monitoring. However, the CN has not been investigated in its entirety using this monitoring modality. This […]
  • Early outcomes of hybrid type II arch repair versus total arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk in acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection: a propensity score-matched analysis.
    The aim was to evaluate the short-term outcomes of hybrid type II arch repair (HAR) and total arch replacement with frozen elephant trunk (TAR with FET) for acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection patients.From January 2017 to June 2019, the clinical data of acute DeBakey type I aortic dissection patients in a single centre were […]
  • Evaluation of Left Ventricular Myocardial Work Performance in Patients Undergoing On-Pump and Off-Pump Coronary Artery Bypass Surgery.
    Benefits of off-pump coronary bypass (OPCAB) over on-pump (ONCAB) remain controversial. We aimed to evaluate the early impacts of OPCAB vs ONCAB for varying left ventricular (LV) function baselines by applying the non-invasive myocardial work (MW) analysis, which enables further insights in cardiac mechanics, contractility, and efficacy.We retrospectively analyzed 98 patients (55 ONCAB vs 43 […]
  • Health-Related Quality of Life in Children and Adolescents with Simple Congenital Heart Defects before and after Transcatheter Intervention Therapy: A Single-Center Study.
    To explore the health-related quality of life (HRQoL) of children and adolescents with simple congenital heart defects before and after the transcatheter intervention.The Pediatric Quality of Life Inventory 4.0 scale was used to assess the quality of life of 78 children and adolescents before and after the transcatheter intervention and to evaluate the parents’ perception […]