The Latest Paediatric Otolaryngology Journal Articles

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Keep up to date with the latest in paediatric otolaryngology as a sub-specialty of ENT. Check out the latest paediatric otolaryngology articles from leading medical journals in a single view, helping you discover relevant articles quickly and easily.

  • National Quality Evaluation of Medication Use for Pediatric Otitis Media With Effusion.
    Otitis media with effusion (OME) is characterized by the presence of fluid in the middle ear without the presentation of signs or symptoms of acute ear infection. The point prevalence of OME reaches as high as 60% in children younger than 2 years of age. We used the National Health Insurance Research Database (NHIRD) to […]
  • Airway and Swallowing Outcomes Following Laryngotracheoplasty With Posterior Grafting in Children.
    Evaluate swallowing and airway outcomes following laryngotracheoplasty with posterior grafting (LTP PCCG).Retrospective review of pediatric patients undergoing LTP PCCG from 2016 to 2019 at a tertiary care pediatric hospital. We included demographics, indications, approach, and revision status. We evaluated preoperative and postoperative instrumental and functional swallow evaluations, and we also gathered information on airway outcomes.Thirty-one […]
  • Crayon in the Orbit and Sinuses in a Pediatric Patient.
    Penetrating transorbital injury with skull base involvement is a rare occurrence from a crayon. We report a case of a 2-year-old male who sustained a penetrating crayon injury through the right orbit and lamina papyracea into the posterior ethmoid sinus complicated by cerebrospinal fluid leak. There have been no other reported cases of this type […]
  • Risks and Benefits of Adenotonsillectomy in Children With Cerebral Palsy With Obstructive Sleep Apnea: A Systematic Review.
    Assess the risks and benefits of adenotonsillectomy (AT) for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in children with cerebral palsy (CP).Systematic review.We conducted a systematic review of Medline, Embase, and Cochrane Central Registry from 1946 to 2021. Broad search concepts included cerebral palsy, pediatric, tonsillectomy/adenoidectomy, and sleep. Additional articles were identified by searching reference lists. Studies on […]
  • Outcomes of a Postoperative Data-Extraction Questionnaire After Adenotonsillectomy in Children.
    To evaluate outcomes of a postoperative telephone questionnaire for children who underwent adenotonsillectomy (T&A). To determine whether episodes of postoperative hemorrhage were not captured until the call, and whether this impacted knowledge of physician rates of hemorrhage.Retrospective database analysis.Retrospective analysis of outcomes of an 11-question data extraction tool utilized at a tertiary care children’s hospital […]
  • Effects of Age on Recovery of Olfactory Function After Endoscopic Sinus Surgery and Related Risk Factors.
    To study the effects of age on the olfactory function recovery of chronic rhinosinusitis patients after endoscopic sinus surgery and related risk factors.A total of 176 chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) patients enrolled from February 2017 to October 2019 were divided into child, youth, middle-aged, and elderly groups. Their baseline data, T&T olfactory test score, visual analogue […]
  • Pediatric Oral Neurovascular Hamartoma of the Hard Palate: A Clinicopathologic Report.
    We hereby present the first-reported pediatric case of a hard palate neurovascular hamartoma in a male newborn, in which the diagnosis was established following an initial nondiagnostic biopsy, extensive radiological investigations, and eventual wide local excision. These benign lesions can easily be mistaken for malignant diagnoses, leading to increased parental and child anxiety as well […]
  • Sigmoid Sinus Thrombosis as a Complication of Acute Otitis Media in a 6-Year-Old Male.
    Sigmoid sinus thrombosis (SST) is a potentially life-threatening complication of otitis media which is nowadays rare due to the widespread use of antibiotics. A high index of suspicion is necessary to allow for a timely diagnostic and therapeutic intervention. Intravenous wide-spectrum antibiotics and a cortical mastoidectomy are the mainstay of treatment. There is no consensus […]
  • Central Retinal Artery Occlusion Due to Subperiosteal Orbital Abscess Caused by Acute Sinusitis in a Child: A Case Report.
    Central retinal artery occlusion (CRAO) is an ophthalmic emergency and has poor visual prognosis. It is commonly found in elderly people and very rare in child. We reported an 8-year-old girl who suffered from acute sinusitis, periorbital swelling, and the visual acuity of her right eye was only light perception. She was diagnosed with CRAO, […]
  • Reduction in Pediatric Ambulatory Adenotonsillectomy Length of Stay Using Clinical Care Guidelines.
    Standardization of postoperative care using clinical care guidelines (CCG) improves quality by minimizing unwarranted variation. It is unknown whether CCGs impact patient throughput in outpatient adenotonsillectomy (T&A). We hypothesize that CCG implementation is associated with decreased postoperative length of stay (LOS) in outpatient T&A.A multidisciplinary team was assembled to design and implement a T&A CCG. […]
  • Length of the Cricoid and Trachea in Children: Predicting Intubation Depth to Prevent Subglottic Stenosis.
    Define the length of the subglottis and trachea in children to predict a safe intubation depth.Patients <18 years undergoing rigid bronchoscopy from 2013 to 2020 were included. The carina and inferior borders of the cricoid and true vocal folds were marked on a bronchoscope and distances were measured. Patient age, weight, height, and chest height were […]
  • Radiologic Findings in Pediatric Sudden Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
    Pediatric sudden sensorineural hearing loss (pSSNHL) is a rare phenomenon. There is currently no consensus on the role of imaging in the work-up for this patient population. We aim to evaluate the efficacy of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and high-resolution computed tomography (CT) studies in determining the etiology of pSSNHL.Retrospective case review.Tertiary Hospital and Ambulatory […]
  • Intubation-Related Laryngeal Deficiency and Vocal Fold Immobility in Pediatric Premature Patients.
    We report a posterior laryngeal rating system and measures of voice disability in pediatric patients undergoing phonosurgery for vocal fold paralysis. Posterior glottic deficiency may account for persistent voice disability.Retrospective Study.Retrospective analyses of 66 subjects with primary unilateral vocal fold paralysis were reviewed for the status of posterior glottis and voice disability (Pediatric Voice Handicap […]
  • Microbiology of Acute Maxillary Sinusitis in Children.
    Acute rhinosinusitis is a frequent common cold-related complication in children. Despite the need for appropriate treatment, its underlying microbiology remains unclear. This study aimed to investigate the microbiology of acute rhinosinusitis in children.Prospective non controlled study.Thirty-one pediatric acute maxillary sinusitis patients with severe symptoms were assessed. The subjects were 17 males and 14 females aged […]
  • Coblation Intracapsular Tonsillectomy in Children: A Prospective Study of 1257 Consecutive Cases with Long Term Follow Up.
    Intracapsular tonsillectomy (ICT) is increasingly adopted by paediatric centres worldwide due to its association with reduced pain, fast recovery and low risks of post-operative complications. Questions still surround its role in patients with recurrent tonsillitis, as well as tonsillar regrowth requiring revision surgery.Prospective consecutive case series from March 2013 to April 2020.Tertiary paediatric ENT referral […]
  • Learning to Interpret Pediatric Vocal Fold Mobility: A Laryngeal Ultrasound Training Module.
    Vocal fold movement impairment (VFMI) in infants and children is most commonly evaluated by flexible nasolaryngoscopy (FNL). FNL in this population can be challenging due to movement, floppy supraglottic structures, or secretions. Laryngeal ultrasound (LUS) may be an alternative, less invasive means of evaluating VFMI that also decreases aerosolization during the COVID-19 pandemic. The primary […]
  • Principles of Executive Functioning Interventions for Children With Cochlear Implants: Guidance From Research Findings and Clinical Experience.
    : Children with cochlear implants (CIs) are at risk for experiencing deficits in the development of neurocognitive processes known as executive functions (EF). Such deficits likely arise as a consequence of early-onset deafness, the degraded auditory input provided by CIs, and delays in spoken language development. Interventions specifically designed for pediatric CI users are needed […]
  • Enlarged Vestibular Aqueduct: Hearing Progression and Cochlear Implant Candidacy in Pediatric Patients.
    Investigate the rate of hearing loss progression and incidence of cochlear implant candidacy in children with enlarged vestibular aqueduct (EVA).EVA is the most common congenital malformation of the inner ear, is responsible for a large percentage of children with hearing loss, and is associated with hearing loss progression. Rates and degree of progression of hearing […]
  • Relative Humidity Affects Acute Otitis Media Visits of Preschool Children to the Emergency Department.
    The associations between climate variables and diseases such as respiratory infections, influenza, pediatric seizure, and gastroenteritis have been long appreciated. Infection is the main reason for acute otitis media (AOM) incidence. However, few previous studies explored the correlation between climatic parameters and AOM infections. The most important meteorological factors, temperature, relative humidity, and fine particulate […]
  • RNA Sequencing and Pathways Analyses of Middle Ear Epithelia From Patients With Otitis Media.
    Otitis media (OM) is the most common pediatric diagnosis in the United States. However, our understanding of the molecular pathogenesis of OM remains relatively poor. Investigation of molecular pathways involved in OM may improve the understanding of this disease process and elucidate novel therapeutic targets. In this study, RNA sequencing (RNA-Seq) was used to discern […]
  • Nodular Fasciitis in the Cavity of Auricular Concha: A Case Report.
    Nodular fasciitis (NF) has a low incidence, many classification subtypes and large histological variations. We describe a 17-month-old child who presented with a mass in the right cavity of auricular concha that was successfully cured by 2 procedures. In pediatric patients with fibroproliferative lesions, the possibility of NF should be excluded to avoid misdiagnosis and […]
  • Paranasal Mass in a Healthy Male Toddler.
    Head and neck tumors are rare in pediatric patients but should be kept in the differential when a patient presents with a new swelling or mass. One of these tumors is a myxoma, which is an insidiously growing, benign mass originating from the mesenchyme. They most commonly arise in the myocardium but can also develop […]
  • Utility of sleep nasendoscopy versus microlaryngotracheobronchoscopy in the diagnosis of paediatric upper airway obstruction.
    To describe the utility of sleep nasendoscopy in determining the level of upper airway obstruction compared to microlaryngotracheobronchoscopy.A retrospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary level paediatric hospital. Patients clinically diagnosed with upper airway obstruction warranting surgical intervention (i.e. with obstructive sleep apnoea or laryngomalacia) were included. These patients underwent sleep nasendoscopy in the […]
  • A systematic review of outcomes of remote consultation in ENT.
    Remote- or tele-consultation has become an emerging modality of consultation in many specialities, including ENT. Advantages include increasing accessibility, potential to reduce costs and, during the COVID-19 pandemic, reduced risk of infection transmission. Here we systematically collate and synthesise the evidence-base on outcomes from remote consultation in adult and paediatric ENT services.We performed a review […]
  • Prevalence of Dysphonia in Children with Adenotonsillar Problems and the Impact of Surgery on Voice.
    Adenotonsillar problems might affect the voices of patients with pediatric dysphonia, which is very common. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of dysphonia in patients with adenotonsillar problems and to demonstrate the impact of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T & A) on their voice postoperatively.Single-institution retrospective study.Subjects were recruited from those children admitted for the […]
  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism During Pregnancy Treated With Parathyroidectomy: A Systematic Review.
    The primary objective of this study was to assess the safety of parathyroidectomy during pregnancy as treatment for hyperparathyroidism (HPTH) in comparison to nonsurgical management plans. Secondary outcomes involved analyzing the safety of surgery in the third trimester and the benefit of operating on asymptomatic pregnant patients.Systematic review.PRISMA-guided systematic review of all cases of primary […]
  • Efficacy of Mirror Biofeedback Rehabilitation on Synkinesis in Acute Stage Facial Palsy in Children.
    To evaluate the efficacy of mirror biofeedback rehabilitation for synkinesis in severe acute facial paralysis in children.Eight pediatric patients with facial paralysis with an initial electroneurography (ENoG) value less than 10% who underwent mirror biofeedback rehabilitation (the child-rehabilitation group) were enrolled. Seven infants (under age 2 yr) who were unable to undergo rehabilitation (the infant-and-toddler control […]
  • A Case Report of Spontaneous Nasal Septal Abscess in a Child.
    We describe a case of spontaneous nasal septal abscess (NSA) in a 9-year-old child. We also reviewed the literatures in recent years and summarized the characteristics of NSA, such as gender, age, inducement, pathogenic bacteria, treatment, and prognosis. We found that this boy reported by us has the most extensive abscess. May be the delay […]
  • Factors Related to Ventilation Tube Extrusion Time in Children and Adults.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting extrusion time in both children and adults with ventilation tube (VT) insertion, providing useful information for clinicians for better decision-making, follow strategy, and potentially improve clinical outcomes for these patients.Data from patients receiving myringotomy with VT insertion from January 1, 2007, to June 30, […]
  • Language and Audiological Outcomes Among Infants Implanted Before 9 and 12 Months of Age Versus Older Children: A Continuum of Benefit Associated With Cochlear Implantation at Successively Younger Ages.
    To compare language and audiological outcomes among infants (<9 and <12 mo) and older children receiving cochlear implantation (CI).Retrospective chart review.Tertiary academic referral center.Pediatric patients receiving CI between October 1995 and October 2019.Cochlear implantation.Most recent language and audiological assessment scores were evaluated by age group.A total of 118 children were studied, including 19 who were […]
  • Prevalence of Surgical, Anesthetic, and Device-related Complications Among Infants Implanted Before 9 and 12 Months of Age Versus Older Children: Evidence for the Continued Expansion of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Candidacy Criteria.
    To compare the prevalence of surgical, anesthetic, and device-related complications among infants and older children receiving cochlear implantation (CI).Retrospective chart review.Tertiary academic referral center.Pediatric patients who underwent CI from November 1990 to January 2020.CI.Surgical, anesthetic, and device-related complication rates were compared by age group (<12 versus 12-23 versus 24+ months with subset analysis of <9 […]
  • Secondary Obliteration Surgery for Troublesome Mastoid Cavities: A Prospective Series of 228 Pediatric and Adult Cases.
    To present the results of a 15-year longitudinal study in a pediatric and adult population with secondary obliteration of troublesome mastoid cavities.Prospective longitudinal study.Children (≤16 yrs) and adults who had obliteration surgery (228 ears) between 2000 and 2017.Therapeutic.Tertiary referral center.1) Incidence of recurrent or residual cholesteatoma; 2) creation of a dry ear at 5 years postsurgery; 3) […]
  • Success rate of type 1 tympanoplasty: a comparative study.
    This study aimed to compare graft take rate after tympanoplasty between adults and paediatric patients, cartilage and fascia grafts, and overlay and underlay techniques.Data were analysed in groups according to the technique (underlay vs overlay), age (paediatric patients vs adults) and graft (cartilage vs temporalis fascia). The main outcome measures were full graft take and […]
  • Cardiopulmonary Testing before Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy for Severe and Very Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
    Adenotonsillectomy is first-line treatment for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) when not otherwise contraindicated. There is concern severe OSAS increases risk of comorbid cardiopulmonary abnormalities, such as ventricular hypertrophy or pulmonary hypertension, which preoperative testing could detect. Our objective is to determine if there is a severity of pediatric OSAS where previously undetected cardiopulmonary […]
  • Management of Recurrent and Delayed Post-Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Hemorrhage in Children.
    To review our experience on post-tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy hemorrhage (PTAH) at a tertiary pediatric referral hospital and to evaluate the management and risk factors for recurrent postoperative hemorrhage and for delayed bleeding after day 14.A retrospective chart review was performed for all pediatric patients admitted to The Children’s Hospital at Westmead for PTAH between July […]
  • Predictive Value of Radiologic Central Compartment Atopic Disease for Identifying Allergy and Asthma in Pediatric Patients.
    Central compartment atopic disease (CCAD) has recently been suggested as a phenotype of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). This study aims to investigate the prevalence of the radiologic CCAD phenotype in CRS within a pediatric population and identify its ability to predict comorbid allergy and asthma.Computed tomography and endoscopic examination were conducted on pediatric patients with CRS […]
  • Cochlear Nerve Canal Stenosis: Association With MYH14 and MYH9 Genes.
    The bony cochlear nerve canal transmits the cochlear nerve as it passes from the fundus of the internal auditory canal to the cochlea. Stenosis of the cochlear nerve canal, defined as a diameter less than 1.0 mm in transverse diameter, is associated with inner ear anomalies and severe to profound congenital hearing loss. We describe […]
  • Nasoseptal Flap for Skull Base Reconstruction in a Three-Year-Old Child With Nasofrontal Meningoencephalocele.
    Congenital anterior skull base defects with meningoencephaloceles causing nasal obstruction and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea are rare clinical entities. Traditionally, skull base defects have been repaired via a bifrontal craniotomy. With the introduction of pediatric endoscopic instrumentation, more of these lesions are accessible via an intranasal endoscopic approach, even in the infant population. However, due […]
  • Advanced Practice Provider Clinics: Expediting Care For Children Undergoing Tympanostomy Tube Placement.
    Advanced practice provider (APP) employment is becoming common in pediatric otolaryngology practices, though few studies have evaluated the consequences that APP-led clinics have on access to care. The objectives of this study were: 1) to investigate whether access to bilateral myringotomy with tympanostomy tube placement (BMT) for recurrent acute otitis media (RAOM) differed between patients […]
  • Prematurity: A Prognostic Factor for Increased Severity of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
    Studies have suggested preterm birth, defined as gestational age (GA) <37 weeks, is a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in later childhood. However, little is known about the characteristics, severity, and degree of intervention of childhood OSA in former preterm infants compared to term infants. This study compares polysomnographic characteristics and surgical interventions in […]
  • Can a Self-report Measure Be Used to Assess Cognitive Skills in Adults With Hearing Loss?
    Adult cochlear implant candidates would self-report their executive functioning abilities as poorer than normal-hearing peers. These executive function abilities would correlate with laboratory-based cognitive tests. Lastly, executive functioning (EF) abilities would be associated with hearing-related quality of life.Executive function refers to cognitive abilities involved in behavioral regulation during goal-directed activity. Pediatric and adult users have […]
  • Online Ratings and Perceptions of Pediatric Otolaryngologists.
    To assess and characterize online ratings and comments on pediatric otolaryngologists and determine factors that correlate with higher ratings.Online database analysis.All American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology (ASPO) members were queried on Healthgrades, Vitals, RateMDs, and Yelp for their online ratings and comments as of June 2020. Ratings were normalized for comparison on a five-point Likert […]
  • Petrous Apex Cephaloceles: Radiology Features and Surgical Management of a Rare Entity.
    To characterize the radiologic findings of petrous apex cephalocele (PAC) in a patient cohort, and report the surgical management for three symptomatic PAC patients and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak via the middle cranial fossa approach.Retrospective case series.Academic center.Thirty-five patients with PAC were identified by review of the imaging archive between 2008 and 2019 (29 females; […]
  • Rising Resonance Frequency Is the Sole Sign of Early Middle Ear Disease in Children With Adenoid Hypertrophy.
    The present study seeks to estimate the potential of multifrequency tympanometry in the diagnosis of primal otologic disorder in children with adenoid hypertrophy (AH).Prospective observational study.Tertiary pediatric institution.One hundred thirty-one children presenting consecutively at the otolaryngology clinic were divided on the basis of AH into 98 patients and 33 controls.Middle ear status was assessed using […]
  • Usage Patterns of CT and MRI in the Evaluation of Otologic Disease.
    To evaluate the current trends and usage patterns of radiographic imaging for otologic disease by specialty, length of practice, practice setting, geographic region, and pediatric volume.Cross-sectional study.Survey of physicians.General Otolaryngologists and Otologists/Neurotologists (O/N) of the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS).An electronic questionnaire was distributed to AAO-HNS members. Respondents were separated […]
  • 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Variability in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
    To evaluate blood pressure (BP) variability in 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).Case series study.Children aged 4 to 16 years with clinical symptoms were recruited in a tertiary medical center. Overnight polysomnography and 24-hour recordings of ambulatory BP were performed for each child. The severity of OSA was classified as primary […]
  • Salivary Gland Choristoma of the Middle Ear in a Child: A Case Report.
    Salivary gland choristoma is an extremely rare middle ear pathology. We present the case of a 10-year-old girl with unilateral conductive hearing loss. Tympanotomy showed a nonspecific middle ear mass, absence of stapes, anomaly of incus, and displaced facial nerve. It was not possible to remove the mass completely. Histology confirmed salivary gland choristoma. The […]
  • Bilateral Cochlear Implantation in Children: Long-Term Outcome in the Adult Population With Special Emphasis on the Bilateral Benefit.
    To investigate the benefit of bilateral cochlear implantation in adults, who had been implanted being a child under the age of 10 years.Retrospective data analysis.Tertiary referral center with a large cochlear implant program.Speech understanding in the Freiburg monosyllabic words in quiet and the HSM sentence test in quiet and in background noise.Seventy-seven bilaterally cochlear implantation […]
  • Are Spanish-Speaking Families Less Satisfied with Care in Pediatric Otolaryngology?
    Language barriers may impact family experience, which is a key measure of healthcare quality. We compared family satisfaction between Spanish-speaking families (SSF) and English-speaking families (ESF) in pediatric otolaryngology.Retrospective cohort study.Responses from the Family Experience Survey (FES), a hospital quality benchmarking survey, were analyzed from 2017 to 2019 at one academic pediatric otolaryngology practice. Question […]
  • ENT Referral From Emergency Department During COVID-19: A Single-Center Experience.
    COVID-19 pandemic transformed the health system response worldwide. The aim of this study is to report changes about numbers and reason for ENT consultations in emergency department (ED) during COVID-19 pandemic comparing with those occurred the previous year (2019).Data about patients admitted to adult and pediatric ED were collected from March 1 to May 31, […]
  • Parental Perception of Weight Status for Adenotonsillectomy Patients.
    Weight status can affect outcomes in pediatric adenotonsillectomy performed for obstructive sleep disordered breathing. Parents frequently underestimate their child’s weight and are unaware weight status may affect adenotonsillectomy success. Accurate understanding of a child’s weight status is important for shared decision making with the family and perioperative care. The purpose of this study is to […]
  • Trends in Operative Complex Middle and Upper Maxillofacial Trauma: A 17-Year Study.
    Over 3 million incidents of facial trauma occur each year in the United States. This study aims to determine trends in operative middle and upper maxillofacial trauma in one of the largest US cities.Retrospective case-control study.Retrospective chart review of all operative middle and upper maxillofacial trauma from July 1993 to July 2010 presenting to Los […]
  • Social Perceptions of Pediatric Hearing Aids.
    To determine whether hearing aid (HA) use affects social perceptions of general public adults and age-matched peers and if so, determine if effects are modulated by lack of societal representation of pediatric HAs.A 10-year-old boy was presented in six photographic conditions with and without HAs and eyeglasses (a worn sensory aid with wider societal representation). […]
  • Systemic Bevacizumab for Treatment of Respiratory Papillomatosis: International Consensus Statement.
    The purpose of this study is to develop consensus on key points that would support the use of systemic bevacizumab for the treatment of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), and to provide preliminary guidance surrounding the use of this treatment modality.Delphi method-based survey series.A multidisciplinary, multi-institutional panel of physicians with experience using systemic bevacizumab for the […]
  • Infectious Pseudoaneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery in a Child Secondary to Parapharyngeal Abscess.
    Infectious pseudoaneurysm is a rare condition characterized by arterial wall dilation, usually due to an adjacent infectious focus. We present an 8-year-old male with a 3-day history of progressive, severe headache 2 weeks after treatment for a parapharyngeal abscess. Computed tomography revealed a left internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysm inferior to the skull base and […]
  • Chondromesenchymal Hamartoma With Nasopharyngeal Involvement: Two Unusual Cases of an Extremely Rare Lesion.
    Chondromesenchymal hamartoma (CMH) is a rare, benign lesion of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and skull base, composed of islands of hyaline cartilage in a myxoid background. The vast majority of CMH cases are infants and young children. According to the world literature, nasopharyngeal involvement of CMH is extremely rare. In all cases, the lesions […]
  • Exome Sequencing for Isolated Congenital Hearing Loss: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.
    To assess the relative cost-effectiveness of exome sequencing for isolated congenital deafness compared with standard care.Incremental cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses were undertaken from the perspective of the Australian healthcare system using an 18-year time horizon.A decision tree was used to model the costs and outcomes associated with exome sequencing and standard care for infants presenting […]
  • Social Isolation and Loneliness in the Hearing-Impaired Pediatric Population: A Scoping Review.
    To review existing publications in order to evaluate the effect of hearing loss on social isolation and loneliness in the pediatric population.Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Scoping Review (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines were followed. Eight databases were searched. Studies were independently screened and analyzed by two reviewers. Publications were included if pediatric hearing-impaired […]
  • Risk Factors for Multiple Tympanostomy Tube Placements in Children: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    To determine the rate and predictors of receiving multiple tympanostomy tube (TT) placements in children.Systematic review and meta-analysis.PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies reporting the risk factors for receiving repeat TT (r-TT) placements in children with chronic otitis media with effusion or recurrent acute otitis media. These articles were systematically reviewed […]
  • Paediatric tonsillectomy in england a cohort study of clinical practice and outcomes using Hospital Episode Statistics data (2008-2019).
    To assess the safety of paediatric tonsillectomy procedures conducted in NHS hospitals in England between 2008 and 2019.Retrospective observational cohort study using Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data.Acute NHS trusts in England conducting paediatric tonsillectomy procedures PARTICIPANTS: Children (≤16 years old) undergoing bilateral tonsillectomy MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of tonsillectomies performed per year by procedural method. […]