The Latest Paediatric Otolaryngology Journal Articles

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Keep up to date with the latest in paediatric otolaryngology as a sub-specialty of ENT. Check out the latest paediatric otolaryngology articles from leading medical journals in a single view, helping you discover relevant articles quickly and easily.

  • Systemic Bevacizumab for Treatment of Respiratory Papillomatosis: International Consensus Statement.
    The purpose of this study is to develop consensus on key points that would support the use of systemic bevacizumab for the treatment of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), and to provide preliminary guidance surrounding the use of this treatment modality.Delphi method-based survey series.A multidisciplinary, multi-institutional panel of physicians with experience using systemic bevacizumab for the […]
  • Social Perceptions of Pediatric Hearing Aids.
    To determine whether hearing aid (HA) use affects social perceptions of general public adults and age-matched peers and if so, determine if effects are modulated by lack of societal representation of pediatric HAs.A 10-year-old boy was presented in six photographic conditions with and without HAs and eyeglasses (a worn sensory aid with wider societal representation). […]
  • Infectious Pseudoaneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery in a Child Secondary to Parapharyngeal Abscess.
    Infectious pseudoaneurysm is a rare condition characterized by arterial wall dilation, usually due to an adjacent infectious focus. We present an 8-year-old male with a 3-day history of progressive, severe headache 2 weeks after treatment for a parapharyngeal abscess. Computed tomography revealed a left internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysm inferior to the skull base and […]
  • Chondromesenchymal Hamartoma With Nasopharyngeal Involvement: Two Unusual Cases of an Extremely Rare Lesion.
    Chondromesenchymal hamartoma (CMH) is a rare, benign lesion of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and skull base, composed of islands of hyaline cartilage in a myxoid background. The vast majority of CMH cases are infants and young children. According to the world literature, nasopharyngeal involvement of CMH is extremely rare. In all cases, the lesions […]
  • Exome Sequencing for Isolated Congenital Hearing Loss: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.
    To assess the relative cost-effectiveness of exome sequencing for isolated congenital deafness compared with standard care.Incremental cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses were undertaken from the perspective of the Australian healthcare system using an 18-year time horizon.A decision tree was used to model the costs and outcomes associated with exome sequencing and standard care for infants presenting […]
  • Social Isolation and Loneliness in the Hearing-Impaired Pediatric Population: A Scoping Review.
    To review existing publications in order to evaluate the effect of hearing loss on social isolation and loneliness in the pediatric population.Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Scoping Review (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines were followed. Eight databases were searched. Studies were independently screened and analyzed by two reviewers. Publications were included if pediatric hearing-impaired […]
  • Risk Factors for Multiple Tympanostomy Tube Placements in Children: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    To determine the rate and predictors of receiving multiple tympanostomy tube (TT) placements in children.Systematic review and meta-analysis.PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies reporting the risk factors for receiving repeat TT (r-TT) placements in children with chronic otitis media with effusion or recurrent acute otitis media. These articles were systematically reviewed […]
  • Paediatric tonsillectomy in england a cohort study of clinical practice and outcomes using Hospital Episode Statistics data (2008-2019).
    To assess the safety of paediatric tonsillectomy procedures conducted in NHS hospitals in England between 2008 and 2019.Retrospective observational cohort study using Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data.Acute NHS trusts in England conducting paediatric tonsillectomy procedures PARTICIPANTS: Children (≤16 years old) undergoing bilateral tonsillectomy MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of tonsillectomies performed per year by procedural method. […]
  • Deep Learning for Classification of Pediatric Otitis Media.
    To create a new strategy for monitoring pediatric otitis media (OM), we developed a brief, reliable, and objective method for automated classification using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) with images from otoscope.Prospective study.An otoscopic image classifier for pediatric OM was built upon the idea of deep learning and transfer learning using the two most widely used […]
  • Impact of Pre-operative Multidisciplinary Evaluation on Laryngotracheal Reconstruction Outcomes.
    Determine if diagnostic findings from pre-operative multidisciplinary evaluations are associated with single surgery or overall success rates in pediatric laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR).Retrospective cohort.Retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing LTR at a tertiary care children’s hospital between January 01, 2008 and December 31, 2017. Success is defined as decannulation rate if tracheostomy present, and resolution of […]
  • Balloon Dilation for Obstructive Eustachian Tube Dysfunction in Children.
    Determine the safety and efficacy of balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube (ET) in pediatric patients.Retrospective matched cohort study.Tertiary medical center.Pediatric patients (<18 yr) with persistent (>1.5 yr) chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) with previous tympanostomy tube (TT) insertion versus matched controls.Balloon dilation of the cartilaginous ET (BDET) was performed using concomitant myringotomy with/without tube […]
  • Failure and Revision Surgery After Cochlear Implantation in the Adult Population: A 10-year Single-institution Retrospective and Systematic Review of the Literature.
    To characterize failure rate and etiology after cochlear implantation; to identify predictors and describe outcomes after implant failure.Retrospective chart review and systematic review of the literature using PubMed and Embase.Academic Cochlear Implant Center.Four hundred ninety-eight devices in 439 distinct adult patients.Unilateral or bilateral cochlear implantation.Implant failure rate and etiology.A total of 32 devices (5.9%) failed […]
  • Presenting Symptom as a Predictor of Clinical course in Juvenile Onset Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis.
    Determine if the presentation of voice versus airway symptoms at the time of diagnosis of juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) correlates with treatment and outcomes.Original report, Retrospective review.Twenty year retrospective review of all patients with JORRP presenting at any time in treatment to a single tertiary children’s hospital between 1997 and 2017.Fifty-four patients presented with […]
  • Long-Term Follow-Up After Fat Graft Myringoplasty: Do Size and Location Matter?
    To assess clinical and functional outcomes of a fat graft myringoplasty under local in an office setting.Prospective case series.Tertiary care facility.Patients with a tympanic membrane (TM) perforation presenting between December 2005 and June 2019. Inclusion criteria included perforation size >25% of the surface of the pars tensa of the TM, entire perforation margins visualized through […]
  • Endoscopic Surgery of Congenital Cholesteatoma in the Anterior Epitympanic Recess: A Case Report of a Rare Location.
    Congenital cholesteatoma is a whitish mass in the middle ear medial to an intact tympanic membrane. It is often without symptoms and therefore incidentally diagnosed. Pediatric congenital cholesteatoma generally starts as a small pearl-like mass in the middle ear cavity that eventually expands to involve the ossicles, epitympanum, and mastoid. The location, size, histopathological type, […]
  • Standardized Order Set Exhibits Surgeon Adherence to Pain Protocol in Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy.
    To produce a sustained reduction in opioid prescriptions in patients <5 years of age undergoing T&A through utilization of standardized algorithms and electronic health record (EHR) automation tools.Prospective quality improvement initiative.Plan-do-study-act (PDSA) methodology was used to design an age-based postoperative pain regimen in which children <5 years of age received a non-opioid pain regimen, and option to […]
  • Rigid Video Laryngoscopy for Intubation in Severe Pierre Robin Sequence: A Retrospective Review.
    The anatomy of children with severe Pierre Robin sequence can present a challenge for direct laryngoscopy and intubation. Advanced techniques including flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopic intubation have been described but require highly specialized skill and equipment. Rigid video laryngoscopy is more accessible but has not been described in this population.Retrospective cohort study.A retrospective review was completed […]
  • Cochlear nerve anomalies in paediatric single-sided deafness – prevalence and implications for cochlear implantation strategies.
    To determine the prevalence of cochlear nerve anomalies on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with unilateral or bilateral sensorineural hearing loss.A retrospective case series was conducted at a tertiary referral centre. The inclusion criteria were paediatric patients with bilateral or unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, investigated with magnetic resonance imaging. The primary outcome measure was the […]
  • Prognostic Factors for Communication Improvement in Young Children After Cochlear Implant Surgery.
    Our objective was to examine the prognostic factors for post-cochlear implant (CI) communication improvement and determine whether the otologist’s and speech-language pathologist’s (SLP’s) recommendations exhibited the same predictive performance regarding children’s post-CI verbal expression acquisition.Retrospective, diagnostic study.Hospital.The study reviewed 339 medical charts of preschool children who underwent CI surgery before the age of 6 years […]
  • A systematic review of the impact of cigarettes and electronic cigarettes in otology.
    The detrimental systemic effects of cigarette smoking are well established. Though less pronounced in the field of otology, they are proposed to contribute to the global burden of unaddressed hearing loss. Recently, in efforts to stop smoking, individuals have used electronic cigarettes of which the long-term safety data are largely unknown. This study aimed to […]
  • Ventilation tube non-function due to blockage in children: the frequency, course and effect on hearing. A prospective cohort study.
    To assess the effect on hearing of non-functioning ventilation tubes due to blockage during the first six months post-operatively, using UK national guidelines.A prospective, observational study was conducted on 37 children who underwent bilateral ventilation tube insertion. Air and bone conduction thresholds were measured before and following surgery, and at one, three and six months […]
  • Factors Related to Extralaryngeal Spread in Juvenile Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis.
    To identify factors associated to increased risk of extra-laryngeal spread in pediatric patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP).Retrospective chart review.A retrospective study was conducted evaluating the clinical charts of patients younger than 16 years with histopathologically confirmed RRP treated between January 2014 and December 2018. Characteristics of patients with and without extra-laryngeal disease dissemination were compared. […]
  • Reduced Asthma Medication Use after Treatment of Pediatric Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder.
    The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder (PVFMD) leads to decreased asthma medication use. Our secondary objective was to determine dyspnea outcomes following diagnosis and treatment for PVFMD.Prospective observational study.Patients with newly diagnosed PVFMD between the ages of 11 and 17 […]
  • Obesity as a Possible Risk Factor for Pediatric Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
    Childhood hearing loss impacts linguistic, academic, social, and psychologic development, and may have lasting implications for future workforce performance. Current evidence for obesity as a pediatric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) risk factor is intriguing but equivocal. We hypothesized that obesity is associated with a higher risk of SNHL. We additionally examined whether underweight is associated […]
  • Redefining Success by Focusing on Failures After Pediatric Hypoglossal Stimulation in Down Syndrome.
    Patients with Down syndrome have a high incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and limited treatment options. Hypoglossal stimulation has shown efficacy but has not yet been approved for pediatric populations. Our objective is to characterize the therapy response of adolescent patients with down syndrome and severe OSA who underwent hypoglossal stimulation.Prospective longitudinal trial.We are […]
  • Lingual Hamartomas: Clinical Characteristics, Diagnostic Evaluation, Treatment, and Outcomes.
    To further clinically characterize lingual hamartomas, and to consolidate literature by analyzing clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, treatment, and outcomes.Retrospective chart review and literature review.Case series from 1989 to 2020 at a tertiary pediatric center; follow-up ranging from 2 months to 12 years. Patient demographics, clinical presentations, physical examination findings, surgical pathology, operative methods, pre-operative imaging, and follow-up. […]
  • Changes in healthcare utilization for pediatric tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in the Netherlands: a population-based study.
    Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in children are controversial subjects with large regional variation in treatment, partly explained by cultural differences and lack of high-quality evidence on indications. A quality of care cycle was executed on this topic in the Netherlands. The objective of this study was to estimate changes in healthcare utilization for pediatric tonsil surgery […]
  • Isolated Incudostapedial Cholesteatomas: Unique Radiologic and Surgical Features.
    Congenital cholesteatomas originate from epithelial tissue present within the middle ear in patients with an intact tympanic membrane, no history of otologic surgery, otorrhea, or tympanic membrane perforation. They are diagnosed by a pearl-like lesion on otoscopy and computed tomography (CT) scan showing an expansile soft-tissue mass. We describe a series of patients with no […]
  • Granulomatous Inflammation Causing Severe Supraglottic Edema and Airway Obstruction in a Pediatric Patient.
    A 12-year-old male with a family history of inflammatory bowel disease presented with sleep-disordered breathing and was found to have chronic, granulomatous swelling of the supraglottic larynx. His airway was managed with tracheostomy, regular interval laryngeal steroid injections, supraglottoplasty, and “pepper pot” CO2 laser resurfacing leading to eventual decannulation. Due to the non-necrotic nature of […]
  • First Description of Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Larynx in a Young Child.
    Rhabdomyosarcoma of the larynx has been very rarely described in pediatric population. There are 3 histological subtypes: embryonal, pleomorphic, and alveolar. With regard to the English literature, we present the first case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma of the larynx ever described in a child. This tumor has been diagnosed on an endoscopic biopsy. Thus, a unilateral […]
  • Effect of Nebulized Magnesium vs Placebo Added to Albuterol on Hospitalization Among Children With Refractory Acute Asthma Treated in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    While intravenous magnesium decreases hospitalizations in refractory pediatric acute asthma, it is variably used because of invasiveness and safety concerns. The benefit of nebulized magnesium to prevent hospitalization is unknown.To evaluate the effectiveness of nebulized magnesium in children with acute asthma remaining in moderate or severe respiratory distress after initial therapy.A randomized double-blind parallel-group clinical […]
  • Effect of Nebulized Magnesium vs Placebo Added to Albuterol on Hospitalization Among Children With Refractory Acute Asthma Treated in the Emergency Department: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    While intravenous magnesium decreases hospitalizations in refractory pediatric acute asthma, it is variably used because of invasiveness and safety concerns. The benefit of nebulized magnesium to prevent hospitalization is unknown.To evaluate the effectiveness of nebulized magnesium in children with acute asthma remaining in moderate or severe respiratory distress after initial therapy.A randomized double-blind parallel-group clinical […]
  • Factors associated with the development of paediatric chronic otitis media by age nine: a prospective longitudinal cohort study of 6560 children.
    This study aimed to analyse social, health and environmental factors associated with the development of chronic otitis media by age nine.This was a prospective, longitudinal, birth cohort study of 6560 children, reviewed at age nine. Chronic otitis media defined as previous surgical history or video-otoscopic changes of tympanic membrane retraction, perforation or cholesteatoma. Non-affected children […]
  • Efficacy of balloon Eustachian tuboplasty as a first line treatment for otitis media with effusion in children.
    This study aimed to compare the outcomes of ventilation tube insertion and balloon Eustachian tuboplasty as a first line treatment for otitis media with effusion in children.This was a retrospective evaluation of 62 children, 30 cases that underwent balloon Eustachian tuboplasty (group 1) and 32 cases that underwent ventilation tube insertion (group 2), from July […]
  • Internal Auditory Canal Diverticula in Children: A Congenital Variant.
    Internal auditory diverticula in adults have been found to exist independent of otosclerosis, and in the presence of otosclerosis. We sought to determine the prevalence of internal auditory canal (IAC) diverticula in a pediatric cohort, to assess whether IAC diverticula are a risk factor for hearing loss, and the co-occurrence of otic capsule hypoattenuation.Retrospective review.A […]
  • Electrocochleography Observations in a Series of Cochlear Implant Electrode Tip Fold-Overs.
    Tip fold-over is a rare but serious complication of cochlear implant (CI) surgery. The purpose of this study was to present intraoperative electrocochleography (ECochG) observations in a series of CI electrode tip fold-overs.Five pediatric subjects undergoing CI surgery through a round window (RW) approach with a perimodiolar electrode array, who were diagnosed with either auditory […]
  • Predictors of Completion of Sublingual Immunotherapy.
    Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has emerged as an effective treatment alternative to subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) given its improved safety profile and more convenient dosing. However, SLIT still relies on daily dosing for many years to optimize effectiveness. This study sought to investigate factors that influence patient completion of SLIT.We performed an institutional retrospective review of patients […]
  • Malnutrition as a Risk Factor in Cleft Lip and Palate Surgery.
    To assess the prevalence of acute and chronic malnutrition at the time of surgery in patients with cleft lip and/or palate (CLP) at our institution, and to quantify nutrition as a risk factor for postsurgical complications following CLP surgery.Retrospective cohort study.Retrospective review of 855 children undergoing initial cleft lip or palate surgery, or revision surgery […]
  • A Multispecialty Critical Airway Simulation Course for Medical Students.
    To develop a novel multispecialty simulation-based course that teaches both technical and nontechnical skills in the management of adult and pediatric critical airways to graduating medical students and 2) to encourage a collaborative, multispecialty approach to the management of a difficult airway amongst fourth-year medical students who have enrolled in otolaryngology, anesthesia, and emergency medicine […]
  • Systematic Review of Endoscopic Ear Surgery Outcomes for Pediatric Cholesteatoma.
    Endoscopic ear surgery (EES) has been increasingly adopted to enhance visualization during otologic surgery including pediatric cholesteatoma resection. The purpose of this study is to systematically review the current literature reporting rates of residual cholesteatoma to evaluate outcomes of EES in the pediatric population.PubMed, Embase, Cochrane.Using the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis […]
  • Outcome of Cochlear Implantation in NLRP3-related Autoinflammatory Inner Ear Disorders.
    Hearing loss is a highly penetrant phenotype in NLRP3 (Nod-Like-Receptor-Pyrin containing 3) gene-related autoinflammatory disorders. A recent study revealed potential medical treatment of hearing loss with anakinra (anti-interleukin 1 receptor antagonist) in selected cases. However, for severely aggravated hearing loss not responsive to anakinra, cochlear implantation (CI) would be the last resort for hearing rehabilitation. […]
  • Balloon Eustachian Tuboplasty in Pediatric Patients: Is it Safe?
    The objective of this study is to demonstrate that balloon eustachian tuboplasty (BET) is safe and had limited complications in the pediatric patient population.Retrospective chart review.This study analyzed the medical records of 43 consecutive encounters of patients under the age of 18 years old who underwent attempted BET. Charts of patients’ postoperative appointments and appointments 30 days […]
  • Detection of Respiratory Pathogens Does Not Predict Risks After Outpatient Adenotonsillectomy.
    To determine whether the presence of detectable upper respiratory infections (URIs) at the time of adenoidectomy/adenotonsillectomy is associated with increased morbidity, complications, and unexpected admissions.Prospective double-blinded cohort.In this prospective cohort study, nasopharyngeal swabs were obtained intraoperatively from 164 pediatric patients undergoing outpatient adenoidectomy/tonsillectomy with or without pressure equalization tubes (PETs) and were analyzed with PCR […]
  • Post-Tonsillectomy Hemorrhage and the Diagnosis of Occult Pediatric Coagulopathies.
    The primary objective of this investigation was to determine rates of abnormal coagulation panels and diagnoses of coagulopathies in children with post-tonsillectomy hemorrhage (PTH). Secondary objectives identified patient demographics and hemorrhage event characteristics that correlated with a coagulopathy diagnosis.Case series with chart review.Patients requiring operative control of PTH at a tertiary children’s hospital between 2015 […]
  • Outcomes of Endoscopic Versus Open Skull Base Surgery in Pediatric Patients.
    To characterize the pathology and outcomes of skull base surgery in the pediatric population by open versus endoscopic surgical approach.Retrospective cohort study.A retrospective review of pediatric patients (<18 years) who underwent skull base surgery for nonmalignant disease from May 2000 to August 2019 was performed. Patient demographics, pathology, and operative characteristics by surgical approach were recorded […]
  • Cleft Palate Repair by Otolaryngologist-Head and Neck Surgeons: Risk Factors for Postoperative Fistula.
    To assess the incidence of palatal fistula after primary repair of the cleft palate among two cohorts of Otolaryngologist-Head and Neck Surgeons and to identify patient and surgeon characteristics that may predict fistula development.Retrospective case series with chart review.Children who underwent primary repair of cleft palate at one of two multidisciplinary cleft centers over a […]
  • Transcutaneous CO2 Monitoring in Children Undergoing Tonsillectomy for Sleep Disordered Breathing.
    Children undergoing tonsillectomy for sleep-disordered breathing are at risk for respiratory compromise when narcotics are administered. Severe complications resulting from hypoxia can include neuro-devastation and death. The objective of this prospective study was to evaluate the feasibility, accuracy, and utility of transcutaneous carbon dioxide (tcPCO2) monitoring during and after adenotonsillectomy.Prospective, Observational study.Twenty-nine children with sleep-disordered […]
  • Genetic Testing Leading to Early Identification of Childhood Ocular Manifestations of Usher Syndrome.
    Hearing-loss gene panel testing (HLGPT) is increasingly accessible as a first-line test in determining the etiology of sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) in children. A major advantage of HLGPT is early identification of syndromic forms of SNHL, especially Usher syndrome, prior to the development of overt syndromic phenotype, which may impact management and counseling. Here, we […]
  • Active Observation as an Alternative to Invasive Treatments for Pediatric Head and Neck Lymphatic Malformations.
    An increasing number of treatment modalities for lymphatic malformations are being described, complicating therapeutic decisions. Understanding lymphatic malformation natural history is essential. We describe management of head and neck lymphatic malformations where decisions primarily addressed lesion-induced functional compromise (ie, breathing, swallowing) to identify factors associated with invasive treatment and active observation. We hypothesize that non-function […]
  • Role of Surgery in Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Head and Neck in Children.
    Rhabdomyosarcoma (RMS) is the most common soft tissue sarcoma in children. The goal of this research is to analyze the role of surgery in the management of pediatric parameningeal (PM) and non-PM head and neck RMS (HNRMS).Retrospective review.Retrospective chart review of patients <20 years of age treated for HNRMS between 1970 and 2015. Clinical presentation, tumor […]
  • Speech Outcomes After Sphincter Pharyngoplasty for Velopharyngeal Insufficiency.
    To investigate perceptual speech outcomes following sphincter pharyngoplasty (SP) and to identify patient characteristics associated with velopharyngeal insufficiency (VPI) resolution or improvement.Retrospective review of prospectively collected data was performed of consecutive patients that underwent SP for management of VPI between 1994 and 2016 at a single tertiary care pediatric hospital. Demographic data, nasendoscopic findings, and […]
  • Unilateral Sialendoscopy for Juvenile Recurrent Parotitis: What Happens to the Other Side?
    Current literature has confirmed the benefits of sialendoscopy for the treatment of juvenile recurrent parotitis (JRP). However, this procedure is often performed unilaterally, although the disease can affect both sides. This article investigated the clinical course of the contralateral parotid (CL) gland in children requiring unilateral sialendoscopy with the goal of clarifying the necessity of […]
  • Pre- Versus Post-Tonsillectomy Intraoperative Bupivacaine Injection in the Pediatric Population: An Age- and Surgical Indication-Stratified Analysis.
    Postoperative respiratory depression is of concern in children undergoing adenotonsillectomy receiving postoperative opioids and may be mitigated with intraoperative bupivacaine. This study aims to compare the impact of bupivacaine on postoperative pain and sedation in various pediatric age and surgical indication subgroups.This is a case series with chart review of 181 patients <18 years old […]
  • Prevalence of Sensorineural Hearing Loss in Pediatric Patients with Sickle Cell Disease: A Meta-analysis.
    To determine the prevalence of Sensorineural Hearing Loss (SNHL) attributable to Sickle Cell Disease (SCD) in the global pediatric population and to identify factors contributing to its severity.Meta-analysis.We performed a comprehensive literature search for scientific articles in PubMed, Scopus, CINAHL, Web of Science, and the Cochrane Library that reported the incidence of hearing loss in […]
  • Predictive Significance of Enhanced Level of Angiogenesis and Tissue Neutrophils for Antrochoanal Polyps Recurrence in Children.
    The pathologic features and potential predictive biomarkers for recurrence of antrochoanal polyps (ACPs) in children are not fully understood.To identify the pathologic differences between recurrent and nonrecurrent group and to explore potential clinical markers which predict recurrence of ACPs in children.A total of 11 recurrent and 21 nonrecurrent ACPs children were enrolled into this retrospect […]
  • Evaluation of Upper Airway in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography.
    Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) offers three-dimensional structures in assessing upper airway of patients. This study aims to compare the cone-beam computerized tomography scan measurements between children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and primary snoring.Case-control study.This prospective study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. Thirty-six children with moderate-to-severe OSA (with apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] > 5 events/hour) and […]
  • A meta-analysis of 67 studies with presenting symptoms & laboratory tests of COVID-19 patients.
    The objective of this meta-analysis was to look at the pooled prevalence of symptoms, Laboratory tests and imaging of all COVID-19 infected patients. This will allow better identification of potential COVID-19 patients and take appropriate precautions.We searched three databases, PubMed, EMBASE and Ovid to identify studies published between Dec-2019 and May-2020. All studies reporting upper-aerodigestive […]
  • Predictors of OSA following Adenotonsillectomy in Children with Trisomy 21.
    Given that 30-50% of children with trisomy 21 have persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after adenotonsillectomy, we evaluated whether demographic, clinical and polysomnographic factors predicted persistent OSA and OSA severity after adenotonsillectomy.Retrospective study.Secondary care hospital.Retrospective review of 32 children with the diagnosis of trisomy 21 and OSA by polysomnography who underwent adenotonsillectomy, from January 2010 […]
  • Assessment of Temporal Bone Thickness for Implantation of a New Active Bone-Conduction Transducer.
    To investigate the minimum bone thickness in adults and children in the area of the skull affected by implantation of a new bone conduction device in patients without known medical history that indicates anatomical malformations.Retrospective, non-interventional study on computer tomography (CT) scans on file at a university medical center.A digital model of the new bone […]
  • Competency-Based Assessment Tool for Pediatric Esophagoscopy: International Modified Delphi Consensus.
    Create a competency-based assessment tool for pediatric esophagoscopy with foreign body removal.Blinded modified Delphi consensus process.Tertiary care center.A list of 25 potential items was sent via the Research Electronic Data Capture database to 66 expert surgeons who perform pediatric esophagoscopy. In the first round, items were rated as “keep” or “remove” and comments were incorporated. […]