The Latest Paediatric Otolaryngology Journal Articles

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Keep up to date with the latest in paediatric otolaryngology as a sub-specialty of ENT. Check out the latest paediatric otolaryngology articles from leading medical journals in a single view, helping you discover relevant articles quickly and easily.

  • Evaluation of Upper Airway in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea Using Cone-Beam Computed Tomography.
    Cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) offers three-dimensional structures in assessing upper airway of patients. This study aims to compare the cone-beam computerized tomography scan measurements between children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and primary snoring.Case-control study.This prospective study was conducted in a tertiary referral center. Thirty-six children with moderate-to-severe OSA (with apnea-hypopnea index [AHI] > 5 events/hour) and […]
  • A meta-analysis of 67 studies with presenting symptoms & laboratory tests of COVID-19 patients.
    The objective of this meta-analysis was to look at the pooled prevalence of symptoms, Laboratory tests and imaging of all COVID-19 infected patients. This will allow better identification of potential COVID-19 patients and take appropriate precautions.We searched three databases, PubMed, EMBASE and Ovid to identify studies published between Dec-2019 and May-2020. All studies reporting upper-aerodigestive […]
  • Predictors of OSA following Adenotonsillectomy in Children with Trisomy 21.
    Given that 30-50% of children with trisomy 21 have persistent obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) after adenotonsillectomy, we evaluated whether demographic, clinical and polysomnographic factors predicted persistent OSA and OSA severity after adenotonsillectomy.Retrospective study.Secondary care hospital.Retrospective review of 32 children with the diagnosis of trisomy 21 and OSA by polysomnography who underwent adenotonsillectomy, from January 2010 […]
  • Assessment of Temporal Bone Thickness for Implantation of a New Active Bone-Conduction Transducer.
    To investigate the minimum bone thickness in adults and children in the area of the skull affected by implantation of a new bone conduction device in patients without known medical history that indicates anatomical malformations.Retrospective, non-interventional study on computer tomography (CT) scans on file at a university medical center.A digital model of the new bone […]
  • Competency-Based Assessment Tool for Pediatric Esophagoscopy: International Modified Delphi Consensus.
    Create a competency-based assessment tool for pediatric esophagoscopy with foreign body removal.Blinded modified Delphi consensus process.Tertiary care center.A list of 25 potential items was sent via the Research Electronic Data Capture database to 66 expert surgeons who perform pediatric esophagoscopy. In the first round, items were rated as “keep” or “remove” and comments were incorporated. […]
  • Outcomes of Adenotonsillectomy for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Prader-Willi Syndrome: Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
    Prader-Willi syndrome (PWS) increases the risk of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) due to obesity, hypotonia, and abnormal ventilatory responses. We evaluated post-adenotonsillectomy complications, polysomnography changes, and quality of life in children with OSA and PWS.Systematic review and meta-analysis.We conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis by searching PubMed, Embase, Cochrane, Web of Science, and Scopus. Two […]
  • Opioid Prescribing Patterns Following Pediatric Tonsillectomy in the United States, 2009-2017.
    Assess national trends in opioid prescription following pediatric tonsillectomy: 1) overall percentage receiving opioids and mean quantity, 2) changes during 2009-2017, and 3) determinants of prescription patterns.Cross-sectional analysis using 2009-2017 Optum claims data to identify opioid-naïve children aged 1-18 with claims codes for tonsillectomy (n = 82,842). Quantities of opioids filled in outpatient pharmacies during […]
  • Pediatric Post-Tonsillectomy Opioid Prescribing Practices.
    To evaluate the effect of discharge order sets on prescribing patterns of opioids after pediatric tonsillectomy. Secondary outcomes included encounters for postoperative pain, dehydration, and bleeding.Retrospective chart review of pre- and post-intervention in pediatric post-tonsillectomy patients, 0-18 years old (n = 1486). Order sets were installed with age-specific analgesic medication defaults and recommendation of concurrent alternating […]
  • An enhanced recovery program improves the comfort and outcomes in children with obstructive sleep apnea undergoing adenotonsillectomy:A retrospective historical control study.
    To explore the effects of an enhanced recovery after surgery (ERAS) program on postoperative rehabilitation in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) during the perioperative period of adenotonsillectomy.A retrospective historical control study SETTING: Service improvement project PARTICIPANTS: The study included 394 children with OSA (207 males, 187 females; age range, 2.5 y to 14 y) […]
  • Chronic suppurative otitis media in Zimbabwean school children: a cross-sectional study.
    Chronic suppurative otitis media is a major cause of disabling childhood hearing loss, especially in low-income countries. Estimates on its prevalence in sub-Saharan Africa range from the lowest to the highest in the world (less than one per cent to more than five per cent). However, the prevalence of chronic suppurative otitis media in Zimbabwe […]
  • Virtual Reality as Distraction Analgesia and Anxiolysis for Pediatric Otolaryngology Procedures.
    While virtual reality (VR) has been used as analgesia and anxiolysis for invasive procedures, no literature exists on the use of VR in the pediatric otolaryngology setting. The purpose of this study was to determine the efficacy of VR in reducing pain and anxiety for pediatric otolaryngology patients.A total of 53 patients aged 7-17 undergoing […]
  • Identifying factors associated with spontaneous restoration of hearing in children with otitis media with effusion.
    To identify predictorsofacceptable hearing at five-weeks, six- and 12 months in children with bilateral Otitis Media with Effusion (OME).Secondary analysis of OSTRICH data, conducted in hospital Ear, Nose and Throat (ENT) and paediatric audiology andaudiovestibular medicine departments across Wales and England.The OSTRICH study included 389 children aged two to eight years with bilateral hearing loss […]
  • Predictive Utility of the Penetration-Aspiration Scale in Inter-Arytenoid Injection Augmentation.
    To determine the utility of preoperative penetration-aspiration scale (PAS) scores and clinical findings on modified barium swallow (MBS) in predicting advancement of diet after interarytenoid injection augmentation (IAIA).Retrospective review.In this retrospective cohort study, 372 consecutive patients who underwent IAIA for pharyngeal dysphagia between 2009 and 2019 were initially identified. Patients were excluded from the study […]
  • Ability of Bedside Ultrasonography to Detect Pediatric Nasal Bone Fractures.
    The aims of this study were to evaluate the diagnostic test features of bedside ultrasonography in pediatric patients with nasal trauma and to investigate whether it is a preferable alternative method to conventional radiography (CR).Cross-sectional prospective study.This prospective study was conducted from March 1, 2019, through November 1, 2019. Thirty-one patients under the age of […]
  • Upper Lip Tie: Anatomy, Effect on Breastfeeding, and Correlation With Ankyloglossia.
    There is debate among otolaryngologists and other practitioners about whether upper lip tie contributes to difficulty with breastfeeding and whether upper lip tie and ankyloglossia are linked. Our objectives were to evaluate the anatomy of the upper lip (maxillary) frenulum, to determine if the visual anatomy of the upper lip has an effect on breastfeeding, […]
  • A Cheek Mass in a 5-Year-Old Child.
    To describe the management of a 5-year old female with a painless, mobile cheek mass.A retrospective chart review of presentation, imaging, pathology and management.Magnetic resonance imaging showed a heterogenous mass with solid and lipomatous components. The mass was a lipoblastoma on histopathology and was excised completely with no evidence of recurrence.The diagnosis and management of […]
  • Predicting Recidivism for Acquired Cholesteatoma: Evaluation of a Current Staging System.
    Assess the utility and prognostic capabilities of the European Academy of Otology and Neurotology (EAONO) and Japanese Otological Society (JOS) cholesteatoma classification system, specifically for retraction pocket cholesteatoma.Retrospective.Tertiary referral hospital.Adults and children with retraction pocket cholesteatoma.Primary and planned second-look tympanoplasty with mastoidectomy.Incidence of recurrent or residual cholesteatoma at planned second-look surgery. Independent variables of age, […]
  • Improving peri-operative psychosocial interventions for children with autism spectrum disorder undergoing ENT procedures.
    Children with autism spectrum disorder face a broad range of communication and sensory challenges. Many of these children also have chronic ENT issues. This study aims to better understand these challenges and improve our services for children with autism spectrum disorder.Questionnaires and semi-structured interviews were carried out with parents of children with autism spectrum disorder.Thirty-four […]
  • Bilateral Cervical Pilomatricoma: A Diagnostic Dilemma for the Pediatric Otolaryngologist.
    Pilomatricomas are benign skin tumors often encountered by otolaryngologists but frequently misdiagnosed. Although they can occur at any age, they commonly present in children as a discolored superficial lesion adhered to the overlying skin. Accurate preoperative diagnosis is crucial for appropriate management, which is surgical in most cases. Here, we present bilateral pilomatricomas mimicking features […]
  • Application of Coblation Tonsillectomy with Inferior Pole Capsule Preservation in Pediatric Patients.
    To evaluate the application and advantages of coblation tonsillectomy with inferior pole capsule preservation in pediatric patients with tonsillar hypertrophy and recurrent tonsillitis.Retrospective chart review.A total of 726 children who were diagnosed with either tonsillar hypertrophy or recurrent tonsillitis were included. Children were divided into two groups according to the surgical technique: conventional coblation tonsillectomy […]
  • Audiologic Outcome of Cochlear Implantation in Children With Cochlear Nerve Deficiency.
    The aim of this study was to investigate cochlear implantation (CI) outcome in children with nerve deficiency.Retrospective chart review.A total of seven children with prelingual profound deficiency (hypoplasia or aplasia) were included. A control group of 10 CI children with no cochlear nerve anomalies was also included. In addition to implant stimulation levels, children’s performance […]
  • Equal Access to Telemedicine during COVID-19 Pandemic: A Pediatric Otolaryngology Perspective.
    During the current COVID-19 pandemic, the demand for direct-to-home telemedicine services has risen to an unprecedented level. Equal access to specialty care was assessed to identify potential barriers that may negatively impact telemedicine utilization.We examined the 6-week period between March and May 2020 when the only access to non-urgent pediatric otolaryngology service was through telemedicine […]
  • Current Status and Future Trends: Pediatric Intracapsular Tonsillectomy in the United States.
    1) To assess the current status of pediatric intracapsular tonsillectomy in the United States, and 2) To apply lessons from the scientific literature and adoption of surgical innovation to predict future trends in pediatric intracapsular tonsillectomy.This was a cross-sectional survey study and literature review. An anonymous survey was sent to all members of the American […]
  • Subtotal functional sialoadenectomy vs four-duct ligation for the treatment of drooling in neurologically impaired children: long-term follow-up.
    The best surgical option to treat drooling in neurodisabilitiesis still under debate. The aim of this study is to describe the technique of subtotal functional sialoadenectomy (SFS) (i.e. four-duct ligation (4-DL)together with bilateral sublingual gland excision) and its long-term outcomes, in comparison with 4-DL.Retrospective observational cohortstudy SETTING: Unit of Pediatric Surgery of Bambino Gesù Children’s […]
  • The Treatment of Cholesteatomas Involving the Antrum and Mastoid Using Transcanal Underwater Endoscopic Ear Surgery.
    The aim of this study was to evaluate the feasibility and safety of transcanal underwater endoscopic bone resection (TUEBR) of the external auditory canal (EAC) for the management of cholesteatoma involving the antrum and mastoid.Retrospective case review.Tertiary referral center.Pediatric and adult patients with primary cholesteatoma extending to the antrum and mastoid who underwent transcanal endoscopic […]
  • Cochlear Implantation in Cases of Inner Ear Malformation: A Novel and Simple Grading, Intracochlear EABR, and Outcomes of Hearing.
    To propose a simple grading of inner ear malformation (IEM) and investigate intracochlear electrical auditory brainstem response (EABR) and outcomes for hearing in terms of the novel grading system.Retrospective case review.Tertiary referral center.Sixty patients with IEMs who received cochlear implants.Grading according to observation of modiolus deficiency and/or internal auditory canal (IAC) cochlear nerve deficiency (CND).Intracochlear […]
  • Strategies and Controversies in the Treatment With Carbon Dioxide Laser of Laryngeal Hemangioma: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.
    The hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor, involving the head and neck in 60% of cases. It is rare in the larynx. In children, hemangiomas are more frequent on the subglottis, whereas in adults the most common site is the supraglottis. Laryngeal hemangioma with cavernous features isolated to the free edge of the vocal […]
  • Malformations Associated With Pediatric Congenital Cholesteatomas.
    To describe malformations associated with pediatric congenital cholesteatomas of the middle ear.Retrospective study.Tertiary referral center.One hundred and seventy-three cases of middle ear congenital cholesteatoma (CC) in 171 children operated between 2007 and 2017.Demographic, clinical, and surgical data were collected from operative reports.We first described the type and rate of malformations associated with CC. Secondly, we […]
  • Comparing Caliper versus Computed Tomography Measurements of Cranial Dimensions in Children.
    We have found no study assessing the accuracy of caliper cranium measurements compared to computed tomography (CT) measurements of the head. The objective of this study was to assess the reliability of caliper measurements in comparison to CT measurements.Retrospective chart review.This study includes all patients evaluated for head shape abnormality between 2010 and 2019 at […]
  • The impact of resident involvement on tonsillectomy outcomes and surgical time.
    Posttonsillectomy hemorrhage can be life-threatening, so we investigated whether patients are at increased risk with an inexperienced surgeon. There is scant information on how surgical experience affects outcomes in pediatric tonsillectomy. We hypothesized that supervised residents would have longer operative times but no difference in complication rates compared to attending surgeons.Retrospective case series of children […]
  • Management of the Disrupted Airway in Children.
    Our objective was to gather data that would enable us to suggest more specific guidelines for the management of children with airway disruption.Retrospective case series with data from five tertiary medical centers.Children younger than 18 years of age with a disrupted airway were enrolled in this series. Data pertaining to age, sex, etiology and location of […]
  • Assessment of Angular Insertion-Depth of Bilateral Cochlear Implants Using Plain X-ray Scans.
    To evaluate in cochlear implant patients, the feasibility and reliability of angular depth of insertion (aDOI) measurements using plain x-ray scans.Retrospective study where three observers independently evaluated and compared intraoperative anterior-posterior and oblique x-ray scans.A tertiary pediatric medical center.Included were 50 children (100 ears) who underwent bilateral simultaneous cochlear implantation during 2008 to 2015.Inter-rater agreement […]
  • Cost-effectiveness of Pediatric Unilateral/Bilateral Cochlear Implant in a Developing Country.
    To determine the cost-effectiveness of unilateral and bilateral cochlear implantation (CI) for children suffering from bilateral profound SNHL.This was a cost benefit analysis study where quality-adjusted life years (QALY) and the expenditure involved post unilateral and bilateral CI were calculated to assess the cost per QALY gained.The study was conducted in a tertiary-care hospital in […]
  • Racial Disparities in Pediatric Endoscopic Sinus Surgery.
    To determine the impact of race and ethnicity on 30-day complications following pediatric endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS).Cross-sectional cohort study.Patients ≤ 18 years of age undergoing ESS from 2015 to 2017 were identified in the Pediatric National Surgical Improvement Program-Pediatric database. Patient demographics, comorbidities, surgical indication, and postoperative complications were extracted. Patient race/ethnicity included non-Hispanic black, non-Hispanic white, […]
  • Comparison of Speech Performance in Bimodal versus Bilateral Cochlear Implant Users.
    To assess whether listening with two cochlear implants (bilateral) offers significant benefits in terms of speech perception over listening with one cochlear implant and one hearing aid (bimodal).Retrospective review of bilateral cochlear implant recipients (24 pediatric and 26 adult). Bimodal listening was compared to bilateral listening in terms of speech perception performance at 1-year post […]
  • The Effect of Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy on Isolated Sleep Associated Hypoventilation in Children.
    Sleep associated hypoventilation (SAH) is diagnosed when more than 25% of total sleep time (%TST) is spent with end tidal carbon dioxide (EtCO2 ) > 50 mmHg. SAH in children occurs as a single entity or combined with obstructive sleep apnea. Outcomes of surgical treatment for isolated SAH in children have not been reported.The medical charts of children […]
  • HPV genotype is prognosticator for recurrence of respiratory papillomatosis in children.
    This study aimed to compare the prognosis according to age, genotype or HPV variant in patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP).Non-concurrent cohort.41 patients with RRP.Tertiary referral hospital.Disease severity was defined by the number of surgeries performed, and Derkay score at surgeries, obtained from medical records. HPV was detected and genotyped, and HPV-6 variants were also […]
  • Clinical characteristics of children and young people admitted to hospital with covid-19 in United Kingdom: prospective multicentre observational cohort study.
    To characterise the clinical features of children and young people admitted to hospital with laboratory confirmed severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) infection in the UK and explore factors associated with admission to critical care, mortality, and development of multisystem inflammatory syndrome in children and adolescents temporarily related to coronavirus disease 2019 (covid-19) (MIS-C).Prospective […]
  • Clinical Analysis of Type II First Branchial Cleft Anomalies in Children.
    We aimed to analyze the clinical characteristics and introduce a new subclassification system for type II first branchial cleft anomalies (FBCAs) based on magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) findings.We conducted an analysis of data from patients with type II FBCAs. MRI findings were used to categorize FBCAs into three subtypes. FBCAs located between the subcutaneous tissue […]
  • Petrous apex pneumatisation in children: a radiological study.
    This study aimed to investigate petrous apex pneumatisation in children, as an understanding of petrous apex pneumatisation is useful in the diagnosis and surgical management of middle-ear disease.Computed tomography head scans from 1700 patients aged 0-16 years were assessed. Petrous apex bone and air cell volumes were calculated to determine the degree of petrous apex […]
  • Evaluation of Secondary Post-Tonsillectomy Bleeding among Children in Saudi Arabia: Risk Factor Analysis.
    Tonsillectomy is one of the most widely recognized surgeries for tonsillitis. It is the default surgery option for obstructive sleep apnea, recurrent tonsillitis, and recurrent peritonsillar abscess. However, there are limited risk factor analyses in Saudi Arabia related to tonsillectomy. The goal of study is to evaluate and analyze the risk factors for secondary post-tonsillectomy […]
  • Screening for Obstructive Sleep Apnea in Children With Sickle Cell Disease: A Pilot Study.
    Obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and sickle cell disease (SCD) represent two complex disease processes. Current guidelines recommend that children with SCD receive polysomnography (PSG) after presenting with signs or symptoms of sleep-disordered breathing (SDB). Recent studies suggest a disproportionately elevated prevalence of SDB in the population of children with SCD, and traditional risk factors may […]
  • Posttraumatic Cranial Suture Diastasis in Pediatric Temporal Bone Fractures.
    Only a handful of case reports exist describing posttraumatic sutural diastasis in the calvarium and none report concurrent temporal bone involvement. We aim to describe diastasis along the temporal bone suture lines in the setting of temporal bone trauma and to identify clinical sequelae.Retrospective case review.Tertiary Level 1 trauma center.Forty-four patients aged 18 and younger […]
  • The Feasibility of Magnetic Resonance Imaging Without General Anesthesia Using the “Bundle and Scan” Technique for Infants With Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
    The purpose of this study is to determine the feasibility of magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) without general anesthesia (GA) for infants being evaluated for sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) using the bundle and scan technique.Retrospective study.Pediatric tertiary care hospital.All infants who underwent MRI using the bundle and scan technique as part of the diagnostic workup for […]
  • Multifactorial Characteristics of Pediatric Dizziness and Imbalance.
    To examine the relative prevalence of individual diagnoses in children and adolescents presenting with dizziness and/or imbalance, and to assess the proportion of patients assigned multiple contributing diagnoses.Retrospective cohort study.We retrospectively reviewed our internal database of all patients seen at our pediatric vestibular program between January 2012 and March 2019 to determine the incidence of […]
  • Long-term outcomes of juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.
    To investigate the adult outcomes of children with juvenile-onset recurrent respiratory papillomatosis via long-term follow-up.Retrospective study SETTING: Beijing Tongren Hospital PARTICIPANTS: The study includes 121 patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis.We followed-up respiratory papillomatosis patients aged least 14 years and analysed their clinical features based on recurrence-free time.In total, 112 (92.6%) patients underwent three or more operations. The […]
  • The Family Impact of Having a Child with a Tracheostomy.
    Measure the quality of life among families with children with tracheostomies.We performed a prospective cross-sectional analysis of families with children with tracheostomies utilizing the PedQL Family Impact Module-a validated quality of life assessment. We determined if scores were impacted by demographics using regression analysis. We also compared the tracheostomy sample’s scores to a previously published […]
  • Delayed-Onset NOG Gene-Related Syndromic Conductive Deafness: A Case Report.
    We report a 6-year-old girl with progressive bilateral conductive hearing loss for 2 years. She passed the newborn hearing screening conducted with otoacoustic emissions testing and had a normal development of speech and language, which indicated that her deafness was delayed-onset. She also had congenital proximal interphalangeal joints. Proximal symphalangism was confirmed by genetic testing […]
  • Acute mastoiditis in infants aged six months or younger.
    Bibliographic data for the management of acute mastoiditis in infants aged six months or less are very limited. This study investigated the presenting symptomatology, diagnostic and treatment options, and final outcomes in this age group.A retrospective review was conducted of all infants aged six months or less suffering from acute mastoiditis, admitted to our department […]
  • Outcomes of a Multidisciplinary Ear Nose and Throat Allied Health Primary Contact Outpatient Assessment Service.
    Traditionally patients are seen by an Ear Nose Throat (ENT) surgeon prior to Allied Health referral for treatment of swallowing, voice, hearing, and dizziness. Wait-times for ENT consultations often exceed those clinically recommended. We evaluated the service impact of five Allied Health Primary Contact clinics (AHPC-ENT) on wait-times and access to treatment.Ametropolitan Australian University Hospital […]
  • Prenatal Imaging Findings Predict Obstructive Fetal Airways Requiring EXIT.
    Detection of fetal airway compromise through imaging raises the possible need for ex utero intrapartum treatment (EXIT) procedures. Despite EXIT procedures involving massive resource utilization and posing increased risk to the mother, decisions for EXIT are usually based on anecdotal experience. Our objectives were to analyze prenatal consultations with potential fetal airway obstruction for imaging […]
  • Audiological Performance in Children with Inner Ear Malformations Before and After Cochlear Implantation: A Cohort Study of 274 Patients.
    Inner Ear malformations (IEMs) are common in children with hearing loss. The different types of IEMs form a unique subgroup of cochlear implant (CI) candidates. We aimed to evaluate the auditory perception outcomes of CI in children with different types of IEMs and compare them with CI users without IEMs.The study included 274 CI users […]
  • Congenital Hearing Loss Is Associated With a High Incidence of Central Nervous System Abnormalities.
    To assess the incidence of central nervous system abnormalities in pediatric subjects with sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL).One hundred forty-three pediatric subjects evaluated for SNHL at a single academic center from 2007 to 2014 were included and divided into eight diagnosis groups based on etiology of SNHL. One hundred forty-three age- and gender-matched control subjects with […]
  • Trends in Subglottic Stenosis Management: Resource Utilization and Pediatric Otolaryngology Training.
    The role for endoscopic management in children with subglottic stenosis (SGS) has grown, but there are no data on resource utilization or the impact on surgical training in pediatric otolaryngology. This study hypothesizes that this shift has increased resource utilization and has impacted surgical training by shifting the focus toward more endoscopic techniques.Retrospective database review.The […]
  • Changes in Bone Conduction Implant Geometry Improve the Bone Fit in Mastoids of Children and Young Adults.
    In 2012 the first active bone conduction implant was introduced, but did not fit into the mastoids of some adults and many children. Thus, a geometry change of the transducer was proposed (BCI 602). In this study, we aimed to determine whether these changes improved the mastoid cavity fit of the implant in children and […]
  • When Opposites Attract: Pediatric Cochlear Implantation in the Setting of Cerebrospinal Fluid Shunts.
    The Food and Drug Administration (FDA) has recently raised concern regarding the safety of cochlear implantation in the setting of programmable cerebrospinal fluid shunts. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes and complications of cochlear implantation in children who have a cerebrospinal fluid shunt.Retrospective chart review.Tertiary academic referral center.Twenty pediatric subjects with […]
  • Patterns and Predictors of Metastatic Spread to the Neck in Pediatric Thyroid Carcinoma.
    Evaluate patterns and predictors of spread to the neck in pediatric metastatic differentiated thyroid carcinoma (DTC).Patients <18 years old undergoing thyroidectomy by a single surgeon from January 2015 to December 2019 were included. Neck sublevels were removed separately according to AJCC boundaries. Clinical outcomes included nerve injury, hypocalcemia, hematoma, and residual tumor.Forty-eight children underwent thyroid surgery. […]
  • Trends in tonsillectomy surgery in children in Scotland 2000-2018.
    Tonsillectomy is one of the most common surgical procedures in children but indications and surgical practice change over time.We aimedto identify trends in tonsillectomy procedures in children, in particular the number of procedures performed, the age of child undergoing tonsillectomy and the type of hospital in which the surgery was performed.Review of Scottish Morbidity Records […]
  • Polysomnography in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea and Neurocognitive Disorders.
    The neurocognitive associationsinpediatric obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) are well known; however, whether polysomnographic features can predict these associations is unknown. Therefore, the primary objective of this study was to compare common polysomnographic parameters in children with OSA in the presence and absence of neurocognitive dysfunction.Polysomnography datafor children ages3-6 yearswith mild-moderate OSA who as defined by […]
  • The changing nature of paediatric otomycosis in the mid-west of Ireland.
    Fungal otitis externa is prevalent in tropical and sub-tropical climates; however, over the past two decades, there has been a reported increase in the prevalence of otomycosis in paediatric patients from more temperate climates. This study aimed to review the children diagnosed with otomycosis at the University Hospital Limerick with reference to frequency, causative organism, […]