The Latest Paediatric Otolaryngology Journal Articles

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Keep up to date with the latest in paediatric otolaryngology as a sub-specialty of ENT. Check out the latest paediatric otolaryngology articles from leading medical journals in a single view, helping you discover relevant articles quickly and easily.

  • Utility of sleep nasendoscopy versus microlaryngotracheobronchoscopy in the diagnosis of paediatric upper airway obstruction.
    To describe the utility of sleep nasendoscopy in determining the level of upper airway obstruction compared to microlaryngotracheobronchoscopy.A retrospective observational study was conducted at a tertiary level paediatric hospital. Patients clinically diagnosed with upper airway obstruction warranting surgical intervention (i.e. with obstructive sleep apnoea or laryngomalacia) were included. These patients underwent sleep nasendoscopy in the […]
  • A systematic review of outcomes of remote consultation in ENT.
    Remote- or tele-consultation has become an emerging modality of consultation in many specialities, including ENT. Advantages include increasing accessibility, potential to reduce costs and, during the COVID-19 pandemic, reduced risk of infection transmission. Here we systematically collate and synthesise the evidence-base on outcomes from remote consultation in adult and paediatric ENT services.We performed a review […]
  • Prevalence of Dysphonia in Children with Adenotonsillar Problems and the Impact of Surgery on Voice.
    Adenotonsillar problems might affect the voices of patients with pediatric dysphonia, which is very common. This study aimed to evaluate the prevalence of dysphonia in patients with adenotonsillar problems and to demonstrate the impact of tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy (T & A) on their voice postoperatively.Single-institution retrospective study.Subjects were recruited from those children admitted for the […]
  • Primary Hyperparathyroidism During Pregnancy Treated With Parathyroidectomy: A Systematic Review.
    The primary objective of this study was to assess the safety of parathyroidectomy during pregnancy as treatment for hyperparathyroidism (HPTH) in comparison to nonsurgical management plans. Secondary outcomes involved analyzing the safety of surgery in the third trimester and the benefit of operating on asymptomatic pregnant patients.Systematic review.PRISMA-guided systematic review of all cases of primary […]
  • Efficacy of Mirror Biofeedback Rehabilitation on Synkinesis in Acute Stage Facial Palsy in Children.
    To evaluate the efficacy of mirror biofeedback rehabilitation for synkinesis in severe acute facial paralysis in children.Eight pediatric patients with facial paralysis with an initial electroneurography (ENoG) value less than 10% who underwent mirror biofeedback rehabilitation (the child-rehabilitation group) were enrolled. Seven infants (under age 2 yr) who were unable to undergo rehabilitation (the infant-and-toddler control […]
  • A Case Report of Spontaneous Nasal Septal Abscess in a Child.
    We describe a case of spontaneous nasal septal abscess (NSA) in a 9-year-old child. We also reviewed the literatures in recent years and summarized the characteristics of NSA, such as gender, age, inducement, pathogenic bacteria, treatment, and prognosis. We found that this boy reported by us has the most extensive abscess. May be the delay […]
  • Factors Related to Ventilation Tube Extrusion Time in Children and Adults.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the factors affecting extrusion time in both children and adults with ventilation tube (VT) insertion, providing useful information for clinicians for better decision-making, follow strategy, and potentially improve clinical outcomes for these patients.Data from patients receiving myringotomy with VT insertion from January 1, 2007, to June 30, […]
  • Language and Audiological Outcomes Among Infants Implanted Before 9 and 12 Months of Age Versus Older Children: A Continuum of Benefit Associated With Cochlear Implantation at Successively Younger Ages.
    To compare language and audiological outcomes among infants (<9 and <12 mo) and older children receiving cochlear implantation (CI).Retrospective chart review.Tertiary academic referral center.Pediatric patients receiving CI between October 1995 and October 2019.Cochlear implantation.Most recent language and audiological assessment scores were evaluated by age group.A total of 118 children were studied, including 19 who were […]
  • Prevalence of Surgical, Anesthetic, and Device-related Complications Among Infants Implanted Before 9 and 12 Months of Age Versus Older Children: Evidence for the Continued Expansion of Pediatric Cochlear Implant Candidacy Criteria.
    To compare the prevalence of surgical, anesthetic, and device-related complications among infants and older children receiving cochlear implantation (CI).Retrospective chart review.Tertiary academic referral center.Pediatric patients who underwent CI from November 1990 to January 2020.CI.Surgical, anesthetic, and device-related complication rates were compared by age group (<12 versus 12-23 versus 24+ months with subset analysis of <9 […]
  • Secondary Obliteration Surgery for Troublesome Mastoid Cavities: A Prospective Series of 228 Pediatric and Adult Cases.
    To present the results of a 15-year longitudinal study in a pediatric and adult population with secondary obliteration of troublesome mastoid cavities.Prospective longitudinal study.Children (≤16 yrs) and adults who had obliteration surgery (228 ears) between 2000 and 2017.Therapeutic.Tertiary referral center.1) Incidence of recurrent or residual cholesteatoma; 2) creation of a dry ear at 5 years postsurgery; 3) […]
  • Cardiopulmonary Testing before Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy for Severe and Very Severe Obstructive Sleep Apnea Syndrome.
    Adenotonsillectomy is first-line treatment for pediatric obstructive sleep apnea syndrome (OSAS) when not otherwise contraindicated. There is concern severe OSAS increases risk of comorbid cardiopulmonary abnormalities, such as ventricular hypertrophy or pulmonary hypertension, which preoperative testing could detect. Our objective is to determine if there is a severity of pediatric OSAS where previously undetected cardiopulmonary […]
  • Success rate of type 1 tympanoplasty: a comparative study.
    This study aimed to compare graft take rate after tympanoplasty between adults and paediatric patients, cartilage and fascia grafts, and overlay and underlay techniques.Data were analysed in groups according to the technique (underlay vs overlay), age (paediatric patients vs adults) and graft (cartilage vs temporalis fascia). The main outcome measures were full graft take and […]
  • Management of Recurrent and Delayed Post-Tonsillectomy and Adenoidectomy Hemorrhage in Children.
    To review our experience on post-tonsillectomy and/or adenoidectomy hemorrhage (PTAH) at a tertiary pediatric referral hospital and to evaluate the management and risk factors for recurrent postoperative hemorrhage and for delayed bleeding after day 14.A retrospective chart review was performed for all pediatric patients admitted to The Children’s Hospital at Westmead for PTAH between July […]
  • Predictive Value of Radiologic Central Compartment Atopic Disease for Identifying Allergy and Asthma in Pediatric Patients.
    Central compartment atopic disease (CCAD) has recently been suggested as a phenotype of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). This study aims to investigate the prevalence of the radiologic CCAD phenotype in CRS within a pediatric population and identify its ability to predict comorbid allergy and asthma.Computed tomography and endoscopic examination were conducted on pediatric patients with CRS […]
  • Cochlear Nerve Canal Stenosis: Association With MYH14 and MYH9 Genes.
    The bony cochlear nerve canal transmits the cochlear nerve as it passes from the fundus of the internal auditory canal to the cochlea. Stenosis of the cochlear nerve canal, defined as a diameter less than 1.0 mm in transverse diameter, is associated with inner ear anomalies and severe to profound congenital hearing loss. We describe […]
  • Nasoseptal Flap for Skull Base Reconstruction in a Three-Year-Old Child With Nasofrontal Meningoencephalocele.
    Congenital anterior skull base defects with meningoencephaloceles causing nasal obstruction and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) rhinorrhea are rare clinical entities. Traditionally, skull base defects have been repaired via a bifrontal craniotomy. With the introduction of pediatric endoscopic instrumentation, more of these lesions are accessible via an intranasal endoscopic approach, even in the infant population. However, due […]
  • Advanced Practice Provider Clinics: Expediting Care For Children Undergoing Tympanostomy Tube Placement.
    Advanced practice provider (APP) employment is becoming common in pediatric otolaryngology practices, though few studies have evaluated the consequences that APP-led clinics have on access to care. The objectives of this study were: 1) to investigate whether access to bilateral myringotomy with tympanostomy tube placement (BMT) for recurrent acute otitis media (RAOM) differed between patients […]
  • Prematurity: A Prognostic Factor for Increased Severity of Pediatric Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
    Studies have suggested preterm birth, defined as gestational age (GA) <37 weeks, is a risk factor for obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) in later childhood. However, little is known about the characteristics, severity, and degree of intervention of childhood OSA in former preterm infants compared to term infants. This study compares polysomnographic characteristics and surgical interventions in […]
  • Petrous Apex Cephaloceles: Radiology Features and Surgical Management of a Rare Entity.
    To characterize the radiologic findings of petrous apex cephalocele (PAC) in a patient cohort, and report the surgical management for three symptomatic PAC patients and cerebrospinal fluid (CSF) leak via the middle cranial fossa approach.Retrospective case series.Academic center.Thirty-five patients with PAC were identified by review of the imaging archive between 2008 and 2019 (29 females; […]
  • Rising Resonance Frequency Is the Sole Sign of Early Middle Ear Disease in Children With Adenoid Hypertrophy.
    The present study seeks to estimate the potential of multifrequency tympanometry in the diagnosis of primal otologic disorder in children with adenoid hypertrophy (AH).Prospective observational study.Tertiary pediatric institution.One hundred thirty-one children presenting consecutively at the otolaryngology clinic were divided on the basis of AH into 98 patients and 33 controls.Middle ear status was assessed using […]
  • Can a Self-report Measure Be Used to Assess Cognitive Skills in Adults With Hearing Loss?
    Adult cochlear implant candidates would self-report their executive functioning abilities as poorer than normal-hearing peers. These executive function abilities would correlate with laboratory-based cognitive tests. Lastly, executive functioning (EF) abilities would be associated with hearing-related quality of life.Executive function refers to cognitive abilities involved in behavioral regulation during goal-directed activity. Pediatric and adult users have […]
  • Online Ratings and Perceptions of Pediatric Otolaryngologists.
    To assess and characterize online ratings and comments on pediatric otolaryngologists and determine factors that correlate with higher ratings.Online database analysis.All American Society of Pediatric Otolaryngology (ASPO) members were queried on Healthgrades, Vitals, RateMDs, and Yelp for their online ratings and comments as of June 2020. Ratings were normalized for comparison on a five-point Likert […]
  • Usage Patterns of CT and MRI in the Evaluation of Otologic Disease.
    To evaluate the current trends and usage patterns of radiographic imaging for otologic disease by specialty, length of practice, practice setting, geographic region, and pediatric volume.Cross-sectional study.Survey of physicians.General Otolaryngologists and Otologists/Neurotologists (O/N) of the American Academy of Otolaryngology – Head and Neck Surgery (AAO-HNS).An electronic questionnaire was distributed to AAO-HNS members. Respondents were separated […]
  • 24-Hour Ambulatory Blood Pressure Variability in Children with Obstructive Sleep Apnea.
    To evaluate blood pressure (BP) variability in 24-hour ambulatory BP monitoring in children with obstructive sleep apnea (OSA).Case series study.Children aged 4 to 16 years with clinical symptoms were recruited in a tertiary medical center. Overnight polysomnography and 24-hour recordings of ambulatory BP were performed for each child. The severity of OSA was classified as primary […]
  • Bilateral Cochlear Implantation in Children: Long-Term Outcome in the Adult Population With Special Emphasis on the Bilateral Benefit.
    To investigate the benefit of bilateral cochlear implantation in adults, who had been implanted being a child under the age of 10 years.Retrospective data analysis.Tertiary referral center with a large cochlear implant program.Speech understanding in the Freiburg monosyllabic words in quiet and the HSM sentence test in quiet and in background noise.Seventy-seven bilaterally cochlear implantation […]
  • Salivary Gland Choristoma of the Middle Ear in a Child: A Case Report.
    Salivary gland choristoma is an extremely rare middle ear pathology. We present the case of a 10-year-old girl with unilateral conductive hearing loss. Tympanotomy showed a nonspecific middle ear mass, absence of stapes, anomaly of incus, and displaced facial nerve. It was not possible to remove the mass completely. Histology confirmed salivary gland choristoma. The […]
  • Are Spanish-Speaking Families Less Satisfied with Care in Pediatric Otolaryngology?
    Language barriers may impact family experience, which is a key measure of healthcare quality. We compared family satisfaction between Spanish-speaking families (SSF) and English-speaking families (ESF) in pediatric otolaryngology.Retrospective cohort study.Responses from the Family Experience Survey (FES), a hospital quality benchmarking survey, were analyzed from 2017 to 2019 at one academic pediatric otolaryngology practice. Question […]
  • ENT Referral From Emergency Department During COVID-19: A Single-Center Experience.
    COVID-19 pandemic transformed the health system response worldwide. The aim of this study is to report changes about numbers and reason for ENT consultations in emergency department (ED) during COVID-19 pandemic comparing with those occurred the previous year (2019).Data about patients admitted to adult and pediatric ED were collected from March 1 to May 31, […]
  • Parental Perception of Weight Status for Adenotonsillectomy Patients.
    Weight status can affect outcomes in pediatric adenotonsillectomy performed for obstructive sleep disordered breathing. Parents frequently underestimate their child’s weight and are unaware weight status may affect adenotonsillectomy success. Accurate understanding of a child’s weight status is important for shared decision making with the family and perioperative care. The purpose of this study is to […]
  • Trends in Operative Complex Middle and Upper Maxillofacial Trauma: A 17-Year Study.
    Over 3 million incidents of facial trauma occur each year in the United States. This study aims to determine trends in operative middle and upper maxillofacial trauma in one of the largest US cities.Retrospective case-control study.Retrospective chart review of all operative middle and upper maxillofacial trauma from July 1993 to July 2010 presenting to Los […]
  • Social Perceptions of Pediatric Hearing Aids.
    To determine whether hearing aid (HA) use affects social perceptions of general public adults and age-matched peers and if so, determine if effects are modulated by lack of societal representation of pediatric HAs.A 10-year-old boy was presented in six photographic conditions with and without HAs and eyeglasses (a worn sensory aid with wider societal representation). […]
  • Systemic Bevacizumab for Treatment of Respiratory Papillomatosis: International Consensus Statement.
    The purpose of this study is to develop consensus on key points that would support the use of systemic bevacizumab for the treatment of recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP), and to provide preliminary guidance surrounding the use of this treatment modality.Delphi method-based survey series.A multidisciplinary, multi-institutional panel of physicians with experience using systemic bevacizumab for the […]
  • Infectious Pseudoaneurysm of the Internal Carotid Artery in a Child Secondary to Parapharyngeal Abscess.
    Infectious pseudoaneurysm is a rare condition characterized by arterial wall dilation, usually due to an adjacent infectious focus. We present an 8-year-old male with a 3-day history of progressive, severe headache 2 weeks after treatment for a parapharyngeal abscess. Computed tomography revealed a left internal carotid artery (ICA) pseudoaneurysm inferior to the skull base and […]
  • Chondromesenchymal Hamartoma With Nasopharyngeal Involvement: Two Unusual Cases of an Extremely Rare Lesion.
    Chondromesenchymal hamartoma (CMH) is a rare, benign lesion of the nasal cavity, paranasal sinuses, and skull base, composed of islands of hyaline cartilage in a myxoid background. The vast majority of CMH cases are infants and young children. According to the world literature, nasopharyngeal involvement of CMH is extremely rare. In all cases, the lesions […]
  • Social Isolation and Loneliness in the Hearing-Impaired Pediatric Population: A Scoping Review.
    To review existing publications in order to evaluate the effect of hearing loss on social isolation and loneliness in the pediatric population.Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses for Scoping Review (PRISMA-ScR) guidelines were followed. Eight databases were searched. Studies were independently screened and analyzed by two reviewers. Publications were included if pediatric hearing-impaired […]
  • Risk Factors for Multiple Tympanostomy Tube Placements in Children: Systematic Review and Meta-Analysis.
    To determine the rate and predictors of receiving multiple tympanostomy tube (TT) placements in children.Systematic review and meta-analysis.PubMed, EMBASE, and Cochrane Library databases were searched for studies reporting the risk factors for receiving repeat TT (r-TT) placements in children with chronic otitis media with effusion or recurrent acute otitis media. These articles were systematically reviewed […]
  • Exome Sequencing for Isolated Congenital Hearing Loss: A Cost-Effectiveness Analysis.
    To assess the relative cost-effectiveness of exome sequencing for isolated congenital deafness compared with standard care.Incremental cost-effectiveness and cost-benefit analyses were undertaken from the perspective of the Australian healthcare system using an 18-year time horizon.A decision tree was used to model the costs and outcomes associated with exome sequencing and standard care for infants presenting […]
  • Paediatric tonsillectomy in england a cohort study of clinical practice and outcomes using Hospital Episode Statistics data (2008-2019).
    To assess the safety of paediatric tonsillectomy procedures conducted in NHS hospitals in England between 2008 and 2019.Retrospective observational cohort study using Hospital Episode Statistics (HES) data.Acute NHS trusts in England conducting paediatric tonsillectomy procedures PARTICIPANTS: Children (≤16 years old) undergoing bilateral tonsillectomy MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Number of tonsillectomies performed per year by procedural method. […]
  • Deep Learning for Classification of Pediatric Otitis Media.
    To create a new strategy for monitoring pediatric otitis media (OM), we developed a brief, reliable, and objective method for automated classification using convolutional neural networks (CNNs) with images from otoscope.Prospective study.An otoscopic image classifier for pediatric OM was built upon the idea of deep learning and transfer learning using the two most widely used […]
  • Impact of Pre-operative Multidisciplinary Evaluation on Laryngotracheal Reconstruction Outcomes.
    Determine if diagnostic findings from pre-operative multidisciplinary evaluations are associated with single surgery or overall success rates in pediatric laryngotracheal reconstruction (LTR).Retrospective cohort.Retrospective cohort study of patients undergoing LTR at a tertiary care children’s hospital between January 01, 2008 and December 31, 2017. Success is defined as decannulation rate if tracheostomy present, and resolution of […]
  • Balloon Dilation for Obstructive Eustachian Tube Dysfunction in Children.
    Determine the safety and efficacy of balloon dilation of the Eustachian tube (ET) in pediatric patients.Retrospective matched cohort study.Tertiary medical center.Pediatric patients (<18 yr) with persistent (>1.5 yr) chronic Eustachian tube dysfunction (ETD) with previous tympanostomy tube (TT) insertion versus matched controls.Balloon dilation of the cartilaginous ET (BDET) was performed using concomitant myringotomy with/without tube […]
  • Failure and Revision Surgery After Cochlear Implantation in the Adult Population: A 10-year Single-institution Retrospective and Systematic Review of the Literature.
    To characterize failure rate and etiology after cochlear implantation; to identify predictors and describe outcomes after implant failure.Retrospective chart review and systematic review of the literature using PubMed and Embase.Academic Cochlear Implant Center.Four hundred ninety-eight devices in 439 distinct adult patients.Unilateral or bilateral cochlear implantation.Implant failure rate and etiology.A total of 32 devices (5.9%) failed […]
  • Presenting Symptom as a Predictor of Clinical course in Juvenile Onset Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis.
    Determine if the presentation of voice versus airway symptoms at the time of diagnosis of juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) correlates with treatment and outcomes.Original report, Retrospective review.Twenty year retrospective review of all patients with JORRP presenting at any time in treatment to a single tertiary children’s hospital between 1997 and 2017.Fifty-four patients presented with […]
  • Long-Term Follow-Up After Fat Graft Myringoplasty: Do Size and Location Matter?
    To assess clinical and functional outcomes of a fat graft myringoplasty under local in an office setting.Prospective case series.Tertiary care facility.Patients with a tympanic membrane (TM) perforation presenting between December 2005 and June 2019. Inclusion criteria included perforation size >25% of the surface of the pars tensa of the TM, entire perforation margins visualized through […]
  • Endoscopic Surgery of Congenital Cholesteatoma in the Anterior Epitympanic Recess: A Case Report of a Rare Location.
    Congenital cholesteatoma is a whitish mass in the middle ear medial to an intact tympanic membrane. It is often without symptoms and therefore incidentally diagnosed. Pediatric congenital cholesteatoma generally starts as a small pearl-like mass in the middle ear cavity that eventually expands to involve the ossicles, epitympanum, and mastoid. The location, size, histopathological type, […]
  • Standardized Order Set Exhibits Surgeon Adherence to Pain Protocol in Pediatric Adenotonsillectomy.
    To produce a sustained reduction in opioid prescriptions in patients <5 years of age undergoing T&A through utilization of standardized algorithms and electronic health record (EHR) automation tools.Prospective quality improvement initiative.Plan-do-study-act (PDSA) methodology was used to design an age-based postoperative pain regimen in which children <5 years of age received a non-opioid pain regimen, and option to […]
  • Rigid Video Laryngoscopy for Intubation in Severe Pierre Robin Sequence: A Retrospective Review.
    The anatomy of children with severe Pierre Robin sequence can present a challenge for direct laryngoscopy and intubation. Advanced techniques including flexible fiberoptic laryngoscopic intubation have been described but require highly specialized skill and equipment. Rigid video laryngoscopy is more accessible but has not been described in this population.Retrospective cohort study.A retrospective review was completed […]
  • Cochlear nerve anomalies in paediatric single-sided deafness – prevalence and implications for cochlear implantation strategies.
    To determine the prevalence of cochlear nerve anomalies on magnetic resonance imaging in patients with unilateral or bilateral sensorineural hearing loss.A retrospective case series was conducted at a tertiary referral centre. The inclusion criteria were paediatric patients with bilateral or unilateral sensorineural hearing loss, investigated with magnetic resonance imaging. The primary outcome measure was the […]
  • Prognostic Factors for Communication Improvement in Young Children After Cochlear Implant Surgery.
    Our objective was to examine the prognostic factors for post-cochlear implant (CI) communication improvement and determine whether the otologist’s and speech-language pathologist’s (SLP’s) recommendations exhibited the same predictive performance regarding children’s post-CI verbal expression acquisition.Retrospective, diagnostic study.Hospital.The study reviewed 339 medical charts of preschool children who underwent CI surgery before the age of 6 years […]
  • Ventilation tube non-function due to blockage in children: the frequency, course and effect on hearing. A prospective cohort study.
    To assess the effect on hearing of non-functioning ventilation tubes due to blockage during the first six months post-operatively, using UK national guidelines.A prospective, observational study was conducted on 37 children who underwent bilateral ventilation tube insertion. Air and bone conduction thresholds were measured before and following surgery, and at one, three and six months […]
  • Factors Related to Extralaryngeal Spread in Juvenile Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis.
    To identify factors associated to increased risk of extra-laryngeal spread in pediatric patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP).Retrospective chart review.A retrospective study was conducted evaluating the clinical charts of patients younger than 16 years with histopathologically confirmed RRP treated between January 2014 and December 2018. Characteristics of patients with and without extra-laryngeal disease dissemination were compared. […]
  • Reduced Asthma Medication Use after Treatment of Pediatric Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder.
    The primary objective of this study was to determine whether the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric Paradoxical Vocal Fold Motion Disorder (PVFMD) leads to decreased asthma medication use. Our secondary objective was to determine dyspnea outcomes following diagnosis and treatment for PVFMD.Prospective observational study.Patients with newly diagnosed PVFMD between the ages of 11 and 17 […]
  • A systematic review of the impact of cigarettes and electronic cigarettes in otology.
    The detrimental systemic effects of cigarette smoking are well established. Though less pronounced in the field of otology, they are proposed to contribute to the global burden of unaddressed hearing loss. Recently, in efforts to stop smoking, individuals have used electronic cigarettes of which the long-term safety data are largely unknown. This study aimed to […]
  • Obesity as a Possible Risk Factor for Pediatric Sensorineural Hearing Loss.
    Childhood hearing loss impacts linguistic, academic, social, and psychologic development, and may have lasting implications for future workforce performance. Current evidence for obesity as a pediatric sensorineural hearing loss (SNHL) risk factor is intriguing but equivocal. We hypothesized that obesity is associated with a higher risk of SNHL. We additionally examined whether underweight is associated […]
  • Redefining Success by Focusing on Failures After Pediatric Hypoglossal Stimulation in Down Syndrome.
    Patients with Down syndrome have a high incidence of obstructive sleep apnea (OSA) and limited treatment options. Hypoglossal stimulation has shown efficacy but has not yet been approved for pediatric populations. Our objective is to characterize the therapy response of adolescent patients with down syndrome and severe OSA who underwent hypoglossal stimulation.Prospective longitudinal trial.We are […]
  • Lingual Hamartomas: Clinical Characteristics, Diagnostic Evaluation, Treatment, and Outcomes.
    To further clinically characterize lingual hamartomas, and to consolidate literature by analyzing clinical presentation, diagnostic evaluation, treatment, and outcomes.Retrospective chart review and literature review.Case series from 1989 to 2020 at a tertiary pediatric center; follow-up ranging from 2 months to 12 years. Patient demographics, clinical presentations, physical examination findings, surgical pathology, operative methods, pre-operative imaging, and follow-up. […]
  • Changes in healthcare utilization for pediatric tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in the Netherlands: a population-based study.
    Tonsillectomy and adenoidectomy in children are controversial subjects with large regional variation in treatment, partly explained by cultural differences and lack of high-quality evidence on indications. A quality of care cycle was executed on this topic in the Netherlands. The objective of this study was to estimate changes in healthcare utilization for pediatric tonsil surgery […]
  • Isolated Incudostapedial Cholesteatomas: Unique Radiologic and Surgical Features.
    Congenital cholesteatomas originate from epithelial tissue present within the middle ear in patients with an intact tympanic membrane, no history of otologic surgery, otorrhea, or tympanic membrane perforation. They are diagnosed by a pearl-like lesion on otoscopy and computed tomography (CT) scan showing an expansile soft-tissue mass. We describe a series of patients with no […]
  • Granulomatous Inflammation Causing Severe Supraglottic Edema and Airway Obstruction in a Pediatric Patient.
    A 12-year-old male with a family history of inflammatory bowel disease presented with sleep-disordered breathing and was found to have chronic, granulomatous swelling of the supraglottic larynx. His airway was managed with tracheostomy, regular interval laryngeal steroid injections, supraglottoplasty, and “pepper pot” CO2 laser resurfacing leading to eventual decannulation. Due to the non-necrotic nature of […]
  • First Description of Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Larynx in a Young Child.
    Rhabdomyosarcoma of the larynx has been very rarely described in pediatric population. There are 3 histological subtypes: embryonal, pleomorphic, and alveolar. With regard to the English literature, we present the first case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma of the larynx ever described in a child. This tumor has been diagnosed on an endoscopic biopsy. Thus, a unilateral […]