The Latest Paediatric Dentistry Journal Articles

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Check out the latest paediatric dentistry articles from leading dental journals in a single view, helping you keep up to date quickly and easily.

  • An impetus for change?
    For years, the British Society of Paediatric Dentistry has been highlighting the shortage of specialists in paediatric dentistry in the UK and the consequent inadequacy of provision of, and inequality of access to, specialist care. This is a problem which must be addressed nationally. The aim of this article is to understand the obstacles to […]
  • Follow-up of patients subjected to direct and indirect pulp capping of young permanent teeth. A retrospective study.
    A retrospective study of the success rate of direct pulp capping (DPC) and indirect pulp capping (IPC) was carried out in children between 6-14 years-old, considering separately primary caries or caries affecting teeth with molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH).Data were collected in a dental public health service. Following the inclusion criteria, 232 treatments were analyzed. Success was […]
  • Caries arrest and lesion appearance using two different silver fluoride therapies on primary teeth with and without potassium iodide: 12-month results.
    Globally, has been an increase in the use of silver fluoride products to arrest carious lesions and a variety of products are available.To examine differences in caries arrest and lesion colour of primary tooth carious lesions.A four-armed, parallel-design cluster-randomised controlled trial which investigated four protocols for caries arrest at 6m and 12m. Children in Group […]
  • Family Resilience and Connection Is Associated with Dental Caries in US Children.
    The impact of family resilience and connection on children’s oral health has not been well-documented in the published literature.This study examined the association between family resilience and connection and the probability of a child having caregiver-reported dental caries using a nationally representative sample.A cross-sectional analysis of the 2016 National Survey of Children’s Health was performed […]
  • The Queensland Birth Cohort Study for Early Childhood Caries: Results at 7 Years.
    This study investigated caries predictors in 378 children remaining from a birth cohort of 1,052 at 7 y and compared the efficacy of home visits (HVs) and telephone contacts (TCs) for early childhood caries (ECC) prevention.The HVs or TCs were made at ages 6, 12, 18, 30, and 42 mo with annual dental clinic examinations […]
  • Pyrophosphates in toothpaste: a retrospective and reappraisal.
    During the last 50 years, an increasing number of toothpastes have been marketed that include pyrophosphates as anti-tartar (calculus) agents. Pyrophosphates are chelating agents with low toxicity and a broad range of applications, such as food additives and in industrial applications. Like other chelating agents, the prime function is to combine with metal elements and, […]
  • Changes in preschool children’s oral health-related quality of life following restorative dental general anaesthesia.
    Background Early childhood caries is the most common childhood disease in preschool children which often requires dental treatment under restorative dental general anaesthesia (RDGA).Aim To assess the effect of RDGA on preschool children and their families’ oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL).Methods A cross-sectional study using a RDGA pre- and post-operative survey to evaluate changes […]
  • Toothbrushing Performance and Oral Cleanliness after Brushing in 12-Year-Old Children.
    Nationwide prevention programs in Germany aim to promote oral health. The group prevention program starts in kindergarten and ends when the children are about 12 y old. While in a recent study, toothbrushing behavior of 12-y-old children was analyzed, the present study’s objective was to examine the children’s ability to achieve oral cleanliness and to […]
  • Dental caries and quality of life among preschool children: a hospital-based nested case-control study.
    Introduction Oral health-related quality of life is a reflection of general health and wellbeing; related problems stand as major public health issues.Aim To investigate the potential association between dental caries and quality of life (QoL) among children aged 5-6 years old.Materials and methods Oral examination of 310 children admitted to a paediatric dentistry clinic was […]
  • Spatio-temporal trends in caries: A study on children in Berlin-Mitte.
    Significant inequalities in caries distribution among children in Germany have been reported, but small-scale areas remain understudied.To examine spatio-temporal trends in children’s dental caries at the small-area level in Berlin-Mitte.Routinely collected data from Berlin’s annual Health Examination Surveys were used, which also include information on age, sex, country of origin, and residential area. The study […]
  • UK dental care for children – a specialist workforce analysis.
    Introduction The main specialties involved with the treatment of children in the UK are paediatric dentistry and orthodontics. In December 2019, these accounted for approximately 38% of all specialists listed by the General Dental Council (GDC). Recent evidence of difficulties filling specialist NHS job posts and the absence of specialists in some UK postal areas […]
  • Perception of Protective Stabilization by Pediatric Dentists: A Qualitative Study.
    Pediatric dentists sometimes have to care for children who refuse to cooperate with the oral examination or dental treatment. Behavior management strategies are used, such as “tell-show-do,” distraction, and positive reinforcement. Anxiety management can also be performed by the use of conscious sedation (oral premedication, nitrous oxide/oxygen inhalation). Unfortunately, these techniques are sometimes insufficient for […]
  • Atraumatic Restorative Treatments in Australian Aboriginal Communities: A Cluster-randomized Trial.
    The management of early childhood caries (ECC) is challenging.A model of care based on Atraumatic Restorative Treatment and the Hall Technique (ART-HT) to manage ECC was evaluated among remote Aboriginal communities in Australia.Aboriginal communities in the North-West of Western Australia were invited to participate and consenting communities were randomized into early or delayed intervention for […]
  • Relationship between olfaction and maxillofacial morphology in children with malocclusion.
    Functional problems, including nasal flow problems, are associated with specific skeletal and dental features. Further, maxillary expansion has been associated with nasal airway resistance alterations. This study aimed to investigate whether there is a correlation between skeletal features and nasal airflow- and olfaction-related problems.This prospective study included 68 patients (30 boys, 38 girls; mean age […]
  • Conservative management of juvenile spongiotic gingivitis: a series of ten cases.
    Introduction This case series highlights the condition juvenile spongiotic gingivitis; how to recognise it, where it lies in a list of differential diagnoses and why conservative management is the authors’ recommended treatment.Case series The authors present ten cases that were successfully managed conservatively on the Joint Oral Medicine Paediatric Dentistry Clinic at Guy’s and St […]
  • Service evaluation of the paediatric dental general anaesthesia service in NHS Lothian.
    Objective To gain insight into the reasons for children undergoing dental treatment under general anaesthesia in NHS Lothian.Methods This service evaluation was based on a representative sample size of 294 patients, randomly selected from the 1,236 children seen for dental general anaesthesia (DGA) during 2017 in NHS Lothian. Data on patient and treatment descriptors were […]
  • The role of dental hygienists and therapists in paediatric oral healthcare in Scotland.
    Introduction The scope of practice of qualified dental hygienists and therapists allows them to undertake non-surgical periodontal screening, treatment and preventive care, and to diagnose and treatment plan. Therapists are also qualified to restore primary and secondary teeth, and to extract primary teeth. Both professions may see patients directly without needing a dentist’s referral. In […]
  • Service evaluation of the paediatric dental general anaesthesia service in NHS Lothian.
    Objective To gain insight into the reasons for children undergoing dental treatment under general anaesthesia in NHS Lothian.Methods This service evaluation was based on a representative sample size of 294 patients, randomly selected from the 1,236 children seen for dental general anaesthesia (DGA) during 2017 in NHS Lothian. Data on patient and treatment descriptors were […]
  • The role of dental hygienists and therapists in paediatric oral healthcare in Scotland.
    Introduction The scope of practice of qualified dental hygienists and therapists allows them to undertake non-surgical periodontal screening, treatment and preventive care, and to diagnose and treatment plan. Therapists are also qualified to restore primary and secondary teeth, and to extract primary teeth. Both professions may see patients directly without needing a dentist’s referral. In […]
  • Post-operative discomforts in children after extraction of primary teeth.
    This prospective observational study aimed to evaluate discomfort after extraction of deciduous teeth under local anesthesia. The primary objective was to describe the prevalence of post-extraction pain (PEP), post-extraction bleeding (PEB), post-extraction biting injury (PEBI), and analgesic usage in children. The secondary objective was to define whether it is possible to determine a profile of […]
  • Evaluating compliance of dental radiography for paediatric patient assessment in specialised tertiary care units: a United Kingdom multi-centre survey.
    Aim The aim of this survey was to determine compliance towards dental radiography selection criteria for paediatric patients undergoing new patient examinations in specialised tertiary care centres in the United Kingdom.Methods Five university-associated dental hospitals were included in this study. Retrospective data was collected reviewing all paediatric patients on the new patient assessment clinics, where […]
  • Inequality, Familial Aggregation, and Risk Prediction of Caries in Siblings.
    Social and family conditions are likely of great importance to dental health; however, limited evidence of familial aggregation of caries among adolescent siblings exists. Moreover, social and family-level factors have never been evaluated as isolated caries predictors at the individual level.The objectives were to evaluate socioeconomic patterning of caries among siblings, assess sibling-specific aggregation of […]
  • Considerations for Pregnant Dental and Health Care Workers amid COVID-19.
    Coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) is a highly contagious disease that quickly reached pandemic levels. Over 5 million COVID-19 cases and approximately 330,000 deaths have been recorded worldwide. Transmission is primarily spread through direct, indirect (through contaminated objects or surfaces), or close contact with infected people via respiratory droplets, the mouth, and/or nose secretions. Health care […]
  • Microbiomes of colored dental biofilms in children with or without severe caries experience.
    Biofilm coloration can compromise maturation and increase the risk of oral disease in adulthood, though children with colored biofilm do not always demonstrate a poor oral health status.The microbial compositions of colored and white biofilms in children were compared.Thirty-two dental biofilm samples from 16 children (age  Get PDF with LibKey View the article @ Clinical […]
  • Oral Health Inequalities among Indigenous and Non-Indigenous Children.
    Our ability to address child oral health inequalities would be greatly facilitated by a more nuanced understanding of whether underlying disease experience or treatment opportunities account for a larger share of differences between social groups. This is particularly relevant in the context of population subgroups who are socially marginalized, such as Australia’s Indigenous population. The […]
  • COVID-19 Considerations in Pediatric Dentistry.
    One of the most important current medical concerns across the globe is the severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2) pandemic, which has been designated by the World Health Organization as a novel viral pneumonia named coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19). COVID-19 has substantially affected all aspects of human lives and forced most people to self-quarantine […]
  • Clinical and radiographic comparative study to evaluate the efficacy of restoring destroyed primary incisors using two different techniques-A pilot study.
    The restoration of destroyed maxillary primary incisors is difficult because of the insufficient amount of coronal structure. This pilot study aimed to compare the efficacy of composite posts technique and glass fiber posts technique in restoring destroyed primary incisors.Thirty-six destroyed maxillary primary incisors in 11 children with early childhood caries were randomly assigned after endodontic […]
  • Evaluation of NHS dental uptake by nursing mothers for local authorities throughout England in 2016-2018.
    Introduction NHS dental treatment for pregnant and nursing mothers with children aged less than 1 year is free for the patient. The rationale being women during this time are more susceptible to dental disease. By providing this free service it is hoped that access rates will increase by removing barriers in inequality and therefore reducing […]
  • A rapid review of variation in the use of dental general anaesthetics in children.
    Introduction The use of dental general anaesthetics (DGAs) remains a cause for concern due to additional strains placed on health services. There are numerous factors influencing the prevalence and use of DGAs, and understanding these is an important first step in addressing the issue.Aim Conduct a rapid review of current peer-reviewed and grey literature on […]
  • Relationship between oral function and mandibular anterior crowding in early mixed dentition.
    The position of the dentition is considered to be determined by a combination of forces exerted by the perioral muscles and tongue. We hypothesized that mandibular anterior crowding may be related to abnormalities in the development of oral function. To determine the relationship between oral function and mandibular anterior crowding in early mixed dentition. A […]
  • The influence of gender on career aspirations of University of Birmingham dental students and junior trainees in the West Midlands.
    Aims To investigate the gender differences among University of Birmingham dental students and dental core trainees (junior trainees within four years of graduation) in the West Midlands, and to assess career aspirations and working patterns.Methods A questionnaire was distributed to 189 dental students in years 2, 3 and 4 and to 24 dental core trainees. […]
  • COVID-19 pandemic: the first wave – an audit and guidance for paediatric dentistry.
    With the use of newly issued guidelines, King’s College Hospital has developed new standard operating procedures specifically for the COVID-19 pandemic. Given the unprecedented nature of the current global pandemic, this paper highlights how paediatric dental emergencies can be managed safely and efficiently, as well as new measures which can help reduce transmission of the […]
  • Disparities in Dental Use and Untreated Caries Prevalence by Income.
    Untreated dental caries (UC), although preventable, is the most prevalent disease in the United States. UC diminishes quality of life and lowers productivity for millions of Americans and is notably higher among lower-income compared to higher-income persons.This study examines changes in disparities by income in past-year dental use (DU) and UC in 4 life stages […]
  • A Primary Care Randomized Controlled Trial of Hall and Conventional Restorative Techniques.
    To investigate treatment outcomes of different restorative techniques undertaken by dental therapists for primary molar carious lesions in a sample of children in New Zealand primary care.This was a randomized controlled trial with children aged 3 to 8 y in New Zealand’s Whanganui region. Children meeting inclusion criteria were randomly allocated to treatment with either […]
  • Silver diamine fluoride – an overview of the literature and current clinical techniques.
    Dental caries continues to affect the British population, despite advances in prevention and management options. There are many treatment and preventive treatment strategies to address dental caries. Silver diamine fluoride (SDF) is a colourless alkaline solution containing silver and fluoride, which forms a complex with ammonia and has proven to be effective in management of […]
  • Parents’ Views on Silver Diamine Fluoride to Manage Early Childhood Caries.
    The use of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) as a nonsurgical caries management product is growing. Evidence suggests that SDF is very successful in arresting caries. However, a common concern with SDF treatment is the unaesthetic black staining. The purpose of this qualitative study was to determine parents’ views following their children’s treatment with SDF to […]
  • The changing face of dental practice: emerging models of team care in Australia.
    Background Different skill-mix models have changed the face of the dental workforce. This study aimed to assess how this skill-mix translates into different practice models of care and the employer-dentists’ perception of the dental team.Methods Twenty-two oral health therapists (OHTs) and 12 employer-dentists from both the private and public sectors participated in the online surveys. […]
  • Addition of Povidone-Iodine to Fluoride Varnish for Dental Caries: A Randomized Clinical Trial.
    Dental caries is the most common chronic childhood disease. Products of metabolism by bacteria populating the tooth surface induce development and progression of cavities.We sought to determine whether a polyvinylpyrrolidone-iodine (PVP-I; povidone-iodine) and NaF topical varnish was superior to one containing only NaF in prevention of new dental caries lesions in a single-center randomized active-controlled […]
  • Oral health-related quality of life among young adults with cleft in northern Finland.
    This study aimed to examine Oral Health-related Quality of Life (OHRQoL) among patients with cleft lip with or without palate (CLP) at their final scheduled follow-up visit at the age of 18 years. Another aim was to investigate the motivation to attend multiple follow-up appointments and the satisfaction with care given by the cleft team using […]
  • Falls: considerations for the dental surgeon.
    Falls are a serious issue that occur mainly among older people. Due to an increasingly ageing population, worldwide, dental surgeons will very likely see patients who either have suffered or are at risk of a fall. In addition, other at-risk patient groups may visit dental surgeons, such as paediatric, special care or medically compromised patients […]
  • A survey on the cost of oral surgery dental speciality training.
    Background Following graduation, training costs for an individual trainee to achieve completion of specialist surgical training has been estimated to be between £20,000 to £71,431, and is expected to rise. Furthermore, there are other non-monetary costs to consider, including poor work-life balance and the burden of training on home life.Methods A 22-question online survey using […]
  • Oral manifestations of vitamin D deficiency in children.
    Vitamin D is key to the musculoskeletal system. Its deficiency can arise from lack of exposure to sunlight and through dietary insufficiency. This can have an impact upon the oral health of an individual, including resulting in chronological hypoplasia enamel defects. Enamel hypoplasia is a quantitative defect in the enamel, presenting as pits, grooves, missing […]
  • Oral health behaviour, attitude towards, and knowledge of dental caries among mothers of 0- to 3-year-old children living in Kaunas, Lithuania.
    This study aimed to investigate the oral health behaviours of mothers with young children and their attitudes towards dental caries.The survey targeted all mothers with children under 3 years attending a primary healthcare centre (Department of Family Medicine at the Lithuanian University of Health Sciences [LSMU] Hospital) in Kaunas, Lithuania. The Bioethics Centre of the LSMU […]
  • A Causative Approach to Demographic and Socioeconomic Factors Affecting Parental Ratings of Child Oral Health.
    Many studies have investigated associations between demographic, socioeconomic status (SES), behavioral, and clinical factors and parental ratings of child oral health. Caries experience, pain, missing teeth, malocclusions, and conditions and treatments likely to negatively affect the child or family in the future have been consistently associated with poorer parental ratings. In contrast, effect sizes for […]
  • Dentists’ Adoption of Silver Diamine Fluoride among 1- to 5-Year-Old Children in North Carolina.
    A natural experiment was conducted to observe the adoption of silver diamine fluoride (SDF) by Medicaid-enrolled dentists in North Carolina (NC). The purpose of this study was to describe the sociocontextual and community health characteristics where dentists adopted SDF, determine the association between SDF use and general anesthesia (GA) use, and examine the changes in […]
  • Investigating the prevalence of non-fluoride toothpaste use in adults and children using nationally representative data from New Zealand: a cross-sectional study.
    Introduction Despite improvements in oral health outcomes in New Zealand over the last number of decades, there are still high levels of preventable tooth decay in adults and children. We investigate the prevalence and spatial variation of non-fluoride toothpaste use in a nationally representative sample of adults and children in New Zealand.Method Individual-level self-reported data […]
  • Repeat paediatric dental general anaesthesia at Sheffield Children’s NHS Foundation Trust: a service evaluation.
    Introduction The use of general anaesthesia in paediatric dentistry should be appropriate and justified. During the treatment of children, a clinician should have foresight into the future dental requirements of the patient and whether a future general anaesthetic will be required in quick succession. Efforts should be made when possible to avoid this.Aims This service […]
  • Influence of customized therapy for molar incisor hypomineralization on children’s oral hygiene and quality of life.
    The aim of this clinical follow-up study was to demonstrate the effects of different therapeutic strategies for hypomineralized teeth on patients’ oral health. The treatment results were characterized by changes in the extent of hypersensitivity and plaque accumulation, as well as reductions in nutritional restrictions.The impacts of therapy, including the use of fluoride varnish, fissure […]
  • Evaluating the changes in molar incisor hypomineralization prevalence: A comparison of two cross-sectional studies in two elementary schools in Mexico City between 2008 and 2017.
    Little information is available on the trends over time of the prevalence of molar incisor hypomineralization (MIH). This condition may be preventing dental caries decline.(a) To compare the prevalence of MIH, in Mexico City schoolchildren, evaluated in 2008 with a group evaluated in 2017, (b) to identify the association of MIH with dental caries, and […]
  • The influence of television on the food habits of schoolchildren and its association with dental caries.
    The consumption of food with a high-sugar content is encouraged by the food industry through television (TV) aimed at children and may be associated with dental caries. This study aims to evaluate the influence of TV on the food habits of schoolchildren aged years and its association with dental caries.This was an observational, epidemiological, and […]
  • A diet high in fat and fructose adversely affects osseointegration of titanium implants in rats.
    Diet-induced metabolic dysfunction such as type 2 diabetes mellitus increases the risk of implant failure in both dental and orthopaedic settings. We hypothesised that a diet high in fat and fructose would adversely affect peri-implant bone structure and function including osseointegration.Thirty female Sprague-Dawley rats were divided into three groups (n = 10), control group (normal […]
  • Computerized adaptive testing and short form development for child and adolescent oral health patient-reported outcomes measurement.
    To develop computerized adaptive testing (CAT) and short forms of self-report oral health measures that are predictive of both the children’s oral health status index (COHSI) and the children’s oral health referral recommendation (COHRR) scales, for children and adolescents, ages 8-17.Using final item calibration parameters (discrimination and difficulty parameters) from the item response theory analysis, […]
  • Oral status of HIV-infected children aged 12 years or younger who attended a Paediatric Infectious Diseases Clinic in Cape Town.
    Children continue to suffer from the impact of the human immunodeficiency virus-acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (HIV/AIDS) pandemic. In Cape Town, these children receive medical care including antiretroviral therapy from facilities like Tygerberg Hospital’s Paediatric Infectious Diseases Clinic. HIV-infected children may experience an increased caries experience when compared with their healthy peers.The aim of this study was […]
  • A cross-country exploratory study to investigate the labelling, energy, carbohydrate and sugar content of formula milk products marketed for infants.
    Aims The first aim was to describe the energy, carbohydrate and sugar contents of formula milk products in eleven countries. The second was to assess the labelling methods used. Based on the findings, approaches to facilitate the selection of infant-appropriate formula milk products were proposed.Background Consumption of excess sugar during infancy can increase the risk […]
  • The Hall Technique and exfoliation of primary teeth: a retrospective cohort study.
    Introduction There has been speculation about early exfoliation of carious primary molar teeth treated with the Hall Technique (HT).Aim To investigate the hypothesis that there is a difference in exfoliation times between teeth treated with the HT and contralateral teeth not treated with the HT.Methods Split-mouth retrospective cohort study of children treated in Dundee Dental […]
  • The effectiveness of completely and incompletely sealed first permanent molars on caries prevention.
    Fissure sealants are effective caries preventive measure. However, a dilemma has been expressed more than once, whether incompletely sealed fissures provides sufficient protection against caries. Dental examinations were performed in 88 children, aged 8 and then 4 years later at 12 years. All first permanent molars (FPMs), as diagnosed at the age of 8, were divided into […]
  • Patterns in Pediatric Dental Surgery under General Anesthesia across 7 State Medicaid Programs.
    Children’s access to dental general anesthesia (DGA) is limited, with highly variable wait times. Access factors occur at the levels of facility, dental provider, and anesthesia provider. It is unknown if these factors also influence utilization of dental surgery. We characterized patterns in DGA utilization by system, provider, population, and individual disease levels to explain […]
  • What Can We Learn from Parents of Caries-Free and Caries-Active Hispanic Children?
    This study evaluated strength-based motivators within Hispanic families that support the creation of health in their children. A mixed-methods approach was used to understand differences in Hispanic parental factors between caries-free (CF) and caries-active (CA) children.A cross-sectional survey was conducted with 200 parent-child triads (primary child: between 0 and 6 y; reference child: between 0 […]
  • Can We Predict Usage of Dental Services? An Analysis from Germany 2000 to 2015.
    We aimed to predict the usage of dental services in Germany from 2000 to 2015 based on epidemiologic and demographic data, and to compare these predictions against claims within the statutory health insurance.Indicators for operative (number of coronally decayed or filled teeth, root surface caries lesions, and fillings), prosthetic (number of missing teeth), and periodontal […]
  • Deprivation, demography and missed scheduled appointments at an NHS primary dental care and training service.
    Background Patients often do not attend planned routine dental appointments. This leads to unmet dental needs, under-utilisation of dental services, lost revenue for dental practice owners and lost educational opportunities when this occurs in centres of training. The aim of this project was to use electronic dental health records to investigate the factors associated with […]