The Latest Laryngology Medical Journal Articles

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Keep up to date with the latest in laryngology as a sub-specialty of ENT. Check out the latest laryngology articles from leading medical journals in a single view, helping you discover relevant articles quickly and easily.

  • Predominant Vertical Location of Benign Vocal Fold Lesions by Sex and Music Genre: Implication for Pathogenesis.
    Vertical locations of vocal fold mucosal lesions (VFMLs) vary along the free edge. As the vertical contact area of vocal folds (VFs) depends on the vocal register, lesions may occur in the contact area of more frequently used vocal registers. This study investigated the cause of location variations by comparing the vertical sites of VFMLs […]
  • Small-Cell Carcinoma of Nasopharynx: A Case Report of Unusual Localization.
    Neuroendocrine tumors are a spectrum of rare and highly heterogeneous neoplasms with distinct functional and biological behavior in relation to location, tumor size, and histological differentiation. Neuroendocrine tumors arise from the neuroendocrine cells of the diffuse neuroendocrine system located in almost every organ. Neuroendocrine tumors in the head and neck district are usually reported in […]
  • Comparison of voice therapy and selective electrical stimulation of the larynx in early unilateral vocal fold paralysis after thyroid surgery: a retrospective data analysis.
    The goal of the retrospective study was to investigate the 3-month-outcome after treatment of patients with early unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) with either standard voice therapy (VT) or selective electrical stimulation of the larynx (SES).non-randomized retrospective study SETTING: 1519 patients who underwent thyroid surgery between 2015 and 2018 were analyzed according vocal fold mobility; […]
  • Characterization of Functional Dysphonia: Pre- and Post-Treatment Findings.
    Functional dysphonia (FD) is one of the possible presentations of chronic dysphonia. Defined as dysphonia without gross abnormality of the larynx, FD manifests as aberrant muscle contractions resulting in mild-to-severe dysphonia. Despite increasing clinical awareness, diagnosis, and treatment strategies for FD remain challenging.Institutional review board.A retrospective review of videostroboscopic examinations and EMR data from 109 […]
  • Fibrin Gel Suspended Autologous Chondrocytes as Cell-based Material for long-term Injection Laryngoplasty.
    Injection laryngoplasty of materials for unilateral vocal-fold paralysis has shown various results regarding the long-term stability of the injected material. We evaluated a fibrin-gel based cell suspension with autologous chondrocytes in-vitro and in-vivo as long-term-stable vocal-fold augmentation material in an animal model.This study compises an in vitro cell-culture part as well as an in vivo […]
  • A Prospective Study of Voice, Swallow and Airway Outcomes following Tracheostomy for COVID-19.
    The COVID-19 pandemic has led to unprecedented demands on healthcare with many requiring intubation. Tracheostomy insertion has often been delayed and the enduring effects of this on voice, swallow and airway outcomes in COVID-19 tracheostomy patients are unknown. The aim of this study was to prospectively assess these outcomes in this patient cohort following hospital […]
  • Presenting Symptom as a Predictor of Clinical course in Juvenile Onset Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis.
    Determine if the presentation of voice versus airway symptoms at the time of diagnosis of juvenile recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (JORRP) correlates with treatment and outcomes.Original report, Retrospective review.Twenty year retrospective review of all patients with JORRP presenting at any time in treatment to a single tertiary children’s hospital between 1997 and 2017.Fifty-four patients presented with […]
  • Use of GlideScope in Patients Undergoing NIM Thyroidectomy.
    Thyroidectomy and parathyroidectomy using the nerve integrity monitor (NIM) require proper placement of the endotracheal tube with electrodes aligned correctly within the larynx. The purpose of this study is to determine the percentage of patients who require positional adjustments of the endotracheal tube prior to beginning surgery and to understand the value of using the […]
  • Healthcare Disparities in Laryngology: A Scoping Review.
    This scoping review aims to map out existing disparities research within the subspecialty of laryngology in order to highlight gaps in knowledge and guide future research.Scoping Review.We completed a scoping review of PubMed, Ovid Embase, and the Cochrane Library for primary research focused on evaluating the existence and impact of disparities in race/ethnicity, sex/gender, insurance […]
  • Maximum vocal intensity as a primary outcome measure in unilateral vocal fold paralysis patients.
    To evaluate voice intensity as the primary outcome measurement when treating unilateral vocal fold paralysis patients.This prospective observational study comprised 34 newly diagnosed unilateral vocal fold paralysis patients undergoing surgical interventions: injection laryngoplasty or medialisation thyroplasty. Voice assessments, including maximum vocal intensity and other acoustic parameters, were performed at baseline and at one and three […]
  • Speech Performance after Anterolateral Thigh Phonatory Tube Reconstruction for Total Laryngectomy.
    Traditionally, after total laryngopharyngectomy (TLP), patients cannot speak without a prosthesis or an artificial larynx. In Taiwan, most patients use a commercialized pneumatic laryngeal device (PLD). Phonatory tube reconstruction with the anterolateral thigh (ALT) flap is a novel, modified version of synchronous digestive and phonatory reconstruction involving a free muscular cutaneous flap. This study reviewed […]
  • Dyspnea Index: An upper airway obstruction instrument; translation and validation in Swedish.
    Upper airway dyspnea is a challenging condition in which assessing the discomfort experienced by the patient is essential. There are three patient-reported outcome (PRO) instruments developed particularly for this patient group, none of which is available in Swedish. The aim of this study was to translate the Dyspnea Index (DI) into Swedish and validate the […]
  • Factors Related to Extralaryngeal Spread in Juvenile Recurrent Respiratory Papillomatosis.
    To identify factors associated to increased risk of extra-laryngeal spread in pediatric patients with recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP).Retrospective chart review.A retrospective study was conducted evaluating the clinical charts of patients younger than 16 years with histopathologically confirmed RRP treated between January 2014 and December 2018. Characteristics of patients with and without extra-laryngeal disease dissemination were compared. […]
  • Laryngeal Pathologies Associated with the Genre of Singing and Professional Singing Status in a Treatment-Seeking Population.
    Singers have high vocal demands and are at increased risk of developing voice disorders. Different singing genres place different technical demands on the voice. However, differences in laryngeal pathology based on genre have not been well-researched. The purpose of this study was to determine the prevalence of laryngeal pathology in different genres of professional and […]
  • IVORY Guidelines (Instructional Videos in Otorhinolaryngology by YO-IFOS): A Consensus on Surgical Videos in Ear, Nose, and Throat.
    Otolaryngology instructional videos available online are often of poor quality. The objective of this article was to establish international consensus recommendations for the production of educational surgical videos in otolaryngology.DELPHI survey.Twenty-seven international respondents participated in this study from 12 countries. Consensus was reached after three rounds of questionnaires following the Delphi methodology. The proposals having […]
  • Perceptual Voice and Speech Analysis after Supraglottic Laryngeal Closure for Chronic Aspiration in Head and Neck Cancer.
    To evaluate the voice and speech outcomes after tubed supraglottic laryngeal closure (TSLC) surgery to treat chronic aspiration after radiotherapy for head and neck cancer.A retrospective case-control study.The data of patients who underwent radiotherapy for head and neck cancer and who later required total laryngectomy or TSLC for chronic aspiration between 2004 and 2017 were […]
  • Factors influencing long-term treatment response to botulinum toxin injection for spasmodic dysphonia.
    The purpose of this study was to evaluate the outcomes of long-term botulinum toxin type A (BoNTA) treatment for adductor spasmodic dysphonia (AdSD) and to determine the factors predictive of treatment response by investigating dose stability and average intervals.Retrospective cohort study.Academic tertiary medical center.A total of 470 patients with adductor spasmodic dysphonia, who received electromyography-guided […]
  • Long-term Swallowing Outcomes of Radiotherapy and Transoral Laser Microsurgery for T1 Glottic Cancer Treatment.
    Both CO2 transoral laser microsurgery (CO2 TOLMS) and radiotherapy (RT) are standard of care in early glottic carcinoma. However, previous studies focus on voice outcomes rather than swallowing outcomes. This study aimed to compare the late post-treatment effects of CO2 TOLMS and RT treatment on swallowing function in T1 glottic carcinoma. View the full article […]
  • First Description of Alveolar Rhabdomyosarcoma of the Larynx in a Young Child.
    Rhabdomyosarcoma of the larynx has been very rarely described in pediatric population. There are 3 histological subtypes: embryonal, pleomorphic, and alveolar. With regard to the English literature, we present the first case of alveolar rhabdomyosarcoma of the larynx ever described in a child. This tumor has been diagnosed on an endoscopic biopsy. Thus, a unilateral […]
  • Singing voice range profile: new objective evaluation methods for voice change after thyroidectomy.
    After surgery in the thyroid region, patients may present with phonation or singing difficulty, even within their vocal range. We designed a novel voice evaluation method that reflects subjective and objective voice complications of the surgery.This tool recorded patients’ voice ranges while singing, which was named the singing voice range profile (singing VRP). Patients were […]
  • Granulomatous Inflammation Causing Severe Supraglottic Edema and Airway Obstruction in a Pediatric Patient.
    A 12-year-old male with a family history of inflammatory bowel disease presented with sleep-disordered breathing and was found to have chronic, granulomatous swelling of the supraglottic larynx. His airway was managed with tracheostomy, regular interval laryngeal steroid injections, supraglottoplasty, and “pepper pot” CO2 laser resurfacing leading to eventual decannulation. Due to the non-necrotic nature of […]
  • Phonation Threshold Pressure/Flow for Reflecting Glottal Closure in Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.
    Previous theoretical analysis predicted that phonation threshold flow (PTF) could be a more sensitive aerodynamic measure than phonation threshold pressure (PTP) for reflecting glottal incompetence. This study investigated the feasibility of whether PTP and PTF may differentiate subjects with unilateral adductor vocal fold paralysis and paresis (UAVFP) from those without, and whether PTP and PTF […]
  • Phonation Threshold Pressure/Flow for Reflecting Glottal Closure in Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.
    Previous theoretical analysis predicted that phonation threshold flow (PTF) could be a more sensitive aerodynamic measure than phonation threshold pressure (PTP) for reflecting glottal incompetence. This study investigated the feasibility of whether PTP and PTF may differentiate subjects with unilateral adductor vocal fold paralysis and paresis (UAVFP) from those without, and whether PTP and PTF […]
  • Crumley’s Classification of Laryngeal Synkinesis: A Comparison of Laryngoscopy and Electromyography.
    Applying the principles of misdirected nerve regeneration to the larynx, Roger Crumley in 1989 coined the term laryngeal synkinesis (LS) which he later (2000) classified into 4 types (type I – good voice, type II – involuntary twitches and poor voice, type III – adduction during inspiration, type IV – abduction during phonation). Neurophysiological data […]
  • Deep Learning for Voice Gender Identification: Proof-of-concept for Gender-Affirming Voice Care.
    The need for gender-affirming voice care has been increasing in the transgender population in the last decade. Currently, objective treatment outcome measurements are lacking to assess the success of these interventions. This study uses neural network models to predict binary gender from short audio samples of “male” and “female” voices. This preliminary work is a […]
  • Clinical Swallowing Profile Change in HNC Patients Treated with C/RT.
    To demonstrate utility of the Mann Assessment of Swallowing Ability-Cancer (MASA-C) to describe change in swallowing ability in a cohort of HNC patients from pre-C/RT to post-C/RT to follow up at 3 months post-C/RT. An exploratory analysis compared patients treated with radiotherapy (RT) only to patients treated with chemoradiation (CRT).Prospective Cohort.The MASA-C and Functional Oral Intake […]
  • Resection of a Giant Hypopharyngeal Liposarcoma Invading the Esophagus by Lateral Pharyngotomy: A Case Report.
    Hypopharyngeal liposarcomas are extremely rare. Due to the lack of experience, pathologists and surgeons find it difficult to make a clear diagnosis and provide accurate, timely treatment. A 43-year-old man with a complaint of foreign body sensation in the throat for 6 months and swallowing difficulty for 2 months was admitted to our department. Contrast-enhanced […]
  • Auditory Feedback Control of Vocal Pitch in Spasmodic Dysphonia.
    Hearing plays an important role in the maintenance of vocal control in normal individuals. In patients with spasmodic dysphonia (SD), however, the ability to maintain sustained control of phonation is impaired. The origins of SD are unknown, and it is unclear whether auditory feedback-dependent vocal control is compromised in these patients.Prospective case-control study.We tested 15 […]
  • Adenoid Cystic Carcinoma of the Larynx: A SEER Database Review.
    Adenoid cystic carcinoma (AdCC) of the larynx is an uncommon malignancy of the head and neck with very little literature discussing treatment paradigms and prognostic factors influencing survival.This retrospective cohort study uses data obtained from the Surveillance, Epidemiology and End Result database comprising of patients diagnosed with laryngeal AdCC from 1978 to 2016.A total of […]
  • Extramedullary Plasmacytoma of False Vocal Cord: Case Report.
    Extramedullary plasmacytoma (EMP) is a malignant tumor formed by monoclonal abnormal proliferation of plasma cells, which is mainly characterized by localized masses and very rare in the larynx, particularly in the false vocal cord. We present a larynx EMP that arises from the false cord without systematic involvement. After surgical resection, the patient received adjuvant […]
  • Predictors of Stricture and Swallowing Function Following Salvage Laryngectomy.
    Long-term functional outcomes are poorly characterized for salvage laryngectomy. We identified predictors of esophageal stricture and swallowing function after salvage laryngectomy in a large cohort.A retrospective study of 233 patients who underwent salvage total laryngectomy for recurrent/persistent squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx or hypopharynx after radiation (XRT) or chemoradiation (CRT) was performed. Primary outcomes […]
  • Voice Component Relationships with High Reflux Symptom Index Scores in Muscle Tension Dysphonia.
    To analyze the Reflux Symptom Index (RSI) and the Voice-Related Quality of Life (V-RQOL) scores based on the perceptual and analytical parameters in primary MTD patients with no reflux.Cross-sectional study.One hundred and eighteen participants, that is, sixty patients with normal voices and fifty-eight patients with primary MTD were recruited in this study. The diagnosis of […]
  • Abnormal Laryngeal Electromyography Findings in Asymptomatic Adults Across the Age Spectrum.
    Laryngeal electromyography (LEMG) is a diagnostic tool for patients with suspected neurogenic abnormalities of the larynx. LEMG is often used with the assumption that any abnormality is symptom-/disease-related. We sought to determine the prevalence of abnormal LEMG findings in a group of healthy asymptomatic adults across a large age spectrum.Open, prospective study, gender-match and age […]
  • Immediate Intraoperative Repair of the Recurrent Laryngeal Nerve in Thyroid Surgery.
    Recurrent laryngeal nerve (RLN) injury is a recognized risk during thyroid and parathyroid surgery and can result in significant morbidity. The aim of this review paper is to consider the optimal approach to the immediate intraoperative repair of the RLN during thyroid surgery.A PubMed literature search was performed from inception to June 2020 using the […]
  • Upper Esophageal Sphincter Response to Laryngeal Adductor Reflex Elicitation in Humans.
    The laryngeal adductor reflex (LAR) is an important mechanism to secure the airways from potential foreign body aspiration. An involvement of the upper esophageal sphincter (UES) in terms of a laryngo-UES contractile reflex has been identified after laryngeal mucosa stimulation. However, the LAR-UES relationship has not yet been fully explained. This study aimed to determine […]
  • Intracordal Injection of Basic Fibroblast Growth Factor in 100 Cases of Vocal Fold Atrophy and Scar.
    Vocal fold atrophy, scar, and sulcus reduce the vibratory function of the vocal fold mucosa, which causes severe refractory dysphonia. We have reported encouraging preliminary results using an intracordal injection of basic fibroblast growth factor (bFGF) and showed improvement in phonatory parameters and voice. The present study summarizes our experience with 100 cases of stiffened […]
  • Parenteral Bevacizumab for the Treatment of Severe Respiratory Papillomatosis in an Adult Population.
    Recurrent respiratory papillomatosis (RRP) is a rare, potentially life-threatening, disease that impacts the voice, breathing, and quality of life of patients. Frequent surgical interventions may be needed to control symptoms. We examined the safety and efficacy of utilizing parenteral bevacizumab in the management of severe RRP in adults.This is a retrospective review of clinical management […]
  • Reconstructive Options During Nonfunctional Laryngectomy.
    A paucity of data exists regarding surgical outcomes for patients undergoing total laryngectomy for a dysfunctional larynx. Herein, we present the largest study evaluating the method of closure on postoperative fistula rate and swallowing ability.We performed a retrospective review of patients undergoing total laryngectomy for a dysfunctional larynx after primary radiation or chemoradiation therapy for […]
  • Voice-Related Quality of Life Is Associated with Postoperative Change in Subglottic Stenosis.
    To characterize the impact of subglottic stenosis (SGS) on voice-related quality of life (V-RQOL) and quantify the effect of treatment on voice outcomes.Case series.Retrospective review of SGS patients treated from 1996 to 2018 at a single institution to assess for 1) V-RQOL association with individual patient cumulative treatment number and 2) V-RQOL correlation with treatment […]
  • Prevalence of voice disorders in healthcare workers in the universal masking COVID-19 era.
    To determine the prevalence and associated risk factors of voice disorders in healthcare workers of high-risk hospital care units during the COVID-19 pandemic.Cross-sectional study.Questionnaire survey to healthcare personnel of COVID-19 high-risk hospital units was conducted, regarding demographic data, clinical activity, the pattern of usage of personal protective equipment, medical and vocal history, vocal symptoms and […]
  • Long-term Follow-up After Radiation Therapy for Laryngeal Amyloidosis.
    Laryngeal amyloidosis (LA) is a rare disease characterized by extracellular protein deposition within the larynx. Treatment is difficult due to the frequently submucosal and multifocal nature of disease. The mainstay of treatment is surgical resection; however, recurrence rates are high. Recently, use of radiotherapy (RT), either alone or postoperatively, for LA has been adapted from […]
  • Barriers to Voice Therapy Attendance in a Language-Diverse Population.
    Voice therapy is an effective treatment for many voice disorders, but success depends on attendance and adherence. Many factors hinder treatment attendance, and language discordance with the provider may present an additional obstacle to attending therapy. This study evaluates factors associated with voice therapy attendance at a language-diverse, safety-net hospital.Retrospective chart review METHODS: Retrospective review […]
  • Applications of Office-Based 445 nm Blue Laser Transnasal Flexible Laser Surgery: A Case Series and Review of Practice.
    The recent introduction of 445 nm blue laser to office-based laryngology presents potential advantages. These include a desirable combination of cutting and photoangiolytic qualities and a lightweight, shock-resistant design. Despite its increasing use, current evidence is limited to experimental data and case reports.The authors present a case series and overview of office blue laser transnasal […]
  • Hey Siri: How Effective are Common Voice Recognition Systems at Recognizing Dysphonic Voices?
    Interaction with voice recognition systems, such as Siri™ and Alexa™, is an increasingly important part of everyday life. Patients with voice disorders may have difficulty with this technology, leading to frustration and reduction in quality of life. This study evaluates the ability of common voice recognition systems to transcribe dysphonic voices.Retrospective evaluation of “Rainbow Passage” […]
  • Expression of ACE2 and TMPRSS2 proteins in the upper and lower aerodigestive tracts of rats: implications on COVID 19 infections.
    Patients with coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19), caused by severe acute respiratory syndrome coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2), exhibit not only respiratory symptoms but also symptoms of chemo-sensitive disorders. Cellular entry of SARS-CoV-2 depends on the binding of its spike protein to a cellular receptor named angiotensin-converting enzyme 2 (ACE2), and the subsequent spike protein-priming by host cell […]
  • Coexistence of Basaloid Squamous Cell Carcinoma and Large Cell Neuroendocrine Carcinoma in the Larynx: A Case Report and Literature Review.
    Basaloid squamous cell carcinoma and large cell neuroendocrine carcinoma are not common in head and neck, these tumors rarely occur in the larynx but both have highly aggressive clinical behavior and a high mortality rate. The diagnosis is complicated by these tumors’ atypical clinical and pathological features. This case details a coexistence of basaloid squamous […]
  • Strategies and Controversies in the Treatment With Carbon Dioxide Laser of Laryngeal Hemangioma: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.
    The hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor, involving the head and neck in 60% of cases. It is rare in the larynx. In children, hemangiomas are more frequent on the subglottis, whereas in adults the most common site is the supraglottis. Laryngeal hemangioma with cavernous features isolated to the free edge of the vocal […]
  • Correlation of Glottic Gap and Voice Impairment in Presbyphonia.
    The objective of this study was to investigate the glottic gap area as a significant marker for the severity of presbyphonia as it relates to patient-reported outcome measures (Voice Handicap Index-10 [VHI-10]) and stroboscopic findings.Retrospective case-control study conducted in an academic tertiary voice center.Patients seen at a tertiary voice clinic who were diagnosed with presbyphonia […]
  • Voice-Related Quality of Life in Idiopathic Subglottic Stenosis: Effect of Serial Intralesional Steroid Injections.
    Serial intralesional steroid injection (SILSI) is an emerging treatment for idiopathic subglottic stenosis (ISGS), providing improvement in both subjective symptoms and objective airflow parameters. Little is known about how this airway remodeling affects the voice. This project analyzes subjective voice changes after SILSI and correlates these with airflow parameters.An ISGS database containing voice-related quality of […]
  • Disparities in Mortality from Larynx Cancer: Implications for Reducing Racial Differences.
    Race predicts overall mortality (OM) of laryngeal squamous cell carcinoma (LSCC) in the United States (US). We assessed whether racial disparities affect cancer-specific mortality (CSM) using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results (SEER) database.Adults with LSCC from 2004 to 2015 were selected. Univariable and multivariable Cox proportional hazards and Fine-Gray competing-risks regression analysis adjusted for […]
  • Analysis of reflux as the etiology of laryngeal dysplasia progression through a matched case-control study.
    Laryngeal dysplasia (LD) is a precancerous lesion of the larynx. In this study, the laryngeal tissue of patients with laryngeal dysplasia was taken as the research object, and the etiology of reflux was analyzed.Patients with laryngeal dysplasia after surgery were selected as our subjects. The levels of pepsin, enterokinase, and bilirubin in laryngeal tissue samples […]
  • Transoral Robotic Surgical Proficiency Via Real-Time Tactile Collision Awareness System.
    In 2009, the Food and Drug Administration approved the use of the surgical robotic system for removal of benign and malignant conditions of the upper aerodigestive tract. This novel application of robotic-assisted surgery, termed transoral robotic surgery (TORS), places robotic instruments and camera system through the mouth to reach recessed areas of the pharynx and […]
  • Health-Related Quality of Life Following Total Laryngectomy: A Systematic Review.
    Treatment of advanced laryngeal and hypopharyngeal cancer has shifted from total laryngectomy (TL) toward laryngeal-preserving therapies due to a general perception that TL has a significantly negative impact on the individual’s life. However, whether the physical impairments related to TL translate to a reduced health-related quality of life (HRQoL) has not yet been determined. Therefore, […]
  • Addition of Wendler Glottoplasty to Voice Therapy Improves Trans Female Voice Outcomes.
    VT is often considered the preferred treatment for vocal feminization in transgender patients. However, Wendler glottoplasty offers a surgical option for increasing fundamental frequency and perception of vocal femininity. We aimed to determine whether the addition of glottoplasty to VT results in greater fundamental frequency elevation and improvement in quality-of-life measures.Retrospective case series.Forty-eight trans female […]
  • Vocal Tradeoffs in Anterior Glottoplasty for Voice Feminization.
    Anterior (Wendler) glottoplasty has become a popular surgery for voice feminization. However, there has been some discrepancy between its theoretical pitch-raising potential and what is actually achievable, and downsides to shortening the glottis have not been fully explored. In addition, descriptions of the surgery are inconsistent in their treatment of the vocal ligament. This study […]
  • Arytenoid Subluxation Reduction Using 28-Jackson Dilator.
    Arytenoid dislocation and subluxations commonly are reduced surgically using Holinger and straight Miller-3 laryngoscopes. We present a case of arytenoid cartilage subluxation returned to good position using a 28-Jackson dilator. A 66-year-old man was diagnosed previously with right vocal fold paresis and left vocal fold paralysis following a motor vehicle accident that required a 14-day […]
  • Transoral Carbon Dioxide Microsurgery of the Larynx as a Day-Case Outpatient Procedure: An Observational, Retrospective, Single-Center Study.
    Despite good results of transoral laser CO2 microsurgery (CO2TOLMS) of the larynx, a lack of data related to the safety of this technique as a day-case procedure across the literature is evident.An observational, retrospective, non-randomized study.One hundred four (62.6%) patients met the inclusion criteria, 96 (92.3%) patients were male, and 8 (7.7%) patients were female. […]
  • Primary Combined Small-Cell and Squamous Cell Carcinoma of the Supraglottis: Case Report and Literature Review.
    Combined small-cell carcinoma and squamous cell carcinoma of the larynx is an exquisitely rare and underreported primary tumor the head and neck region, with an English literature review revealing only 17 documented cases. There is limited information on how best to treat these patients oncologically, given the low number of reported cases. A subset of […]
  • A Novel Endoscopic Arytenoid Medialization for Unilateral Vocal Fold Paralysis.
    Arytenoid adduction (AA) has been indicated for unilateral vocal fold paralysis (UVFP) patients with vertical vocal fold height mismatch and/or large posterior glottic gaps that are unable to be adequately addressed by anterior medialization techniques. Although AA offers several advantages over other methods, it is technically challenging and involves significant laryngeal manipulation of the cricoarytenoid […]
  • Coverage for Gender-Affirming Voice Surgery and Therapy for Transgender Individuals.
    To determine insurance coverage for gender-affirming surgery and voice therapy for individuals who seek to align their voice with their gender identity, and to analyze differences based on state-by-state transgender equality.Cross-sectional study.Policies from the top three commercial insurers per state in 2019 were reviewed. Coverage status was determined by web-based search, telephone interviews, and email […]