The Latest Allergy Medical Journal Articles

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Keep up to date with the latest in allergy as a sub-specialty of ENT. Check out the latest allergy articles from leading medical journals in a single view, helping you discover relevant articles quickly and easily.

  • The Prognostic Variables Affecting the Frontal Sinusotomy Patency Outcome and How to Manage: A Prospective Study.
    The study aimed to assess the factors affecting the frontal sinus patency after endoscopic frontal sinusotomy.A prospective cohort study SETTING: Tertiary centre hospital MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Fifty patients with refractory chronic frontal sinusitis (83 operated frontal sinuses) had frontal sinusotomy and followed up for six months. Multiple operative factors were included; the type of the […]
  • Allergy-Related Sialodochitis: A Preliminary Cohort Study.
    To explore the clinically feasible diagnosis criteria and treatment outcomes of allergy-related sialodochitis (ARS).Prospective Cohort Study.Ninety-six consecutive patients were enrolled by the following criteria: 1) recurrent swelling of ≥2 large salivary glands that lasted for ≥3 months; 2) with mucus plug exudations; 3) with atopic diseases; 4) ductal stenosis and/or ectasia. Sixty-four patients with elevation of […]
  • Predictive Value of Radiologic Central Compartment Atopic Disease for Identifying Allergy and Asthma in Pediatric Patients.
    Central compartment atopic disease (CCAD) has recently been suggested as a phenotype of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). This study aims to investigate the prevalence of the radiologic CCAD phenotype in CRS within a pediatric population and identify its ability to predict comorbid allergy and asthma.Computed tomography and endoscopic examination were conducted on pediatric patients with CRS […]
  • Analysis of Factors Causing False-Negative Real-Time Polymerase Chain Reaction Results in Oropharyngeal and Nasopharyngeal Swabs of Patients With COVID-19.
    To analyze factors regarding patient characteristics, sampling techniques, and coronavirus disease 2019 (COVID-19) specific manifestations that may cause false-negative reverse-transcription polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR).A cross-sectional study was conducted. For the diagnosis of COVID-19, patients with RT-PCR test positive in the first nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs were accepted as true positive, and patients with negative 3 […]
  • Predictors of Completion of Sublingual Immunotherapy.
    Sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) has emerged as an effective treatment alternative to subcutaneous immunotherapy (SCIT) given its improved safety profile and more convenient dosing. However, SLIT still relies on daily dosing for many years to optimize effectiveness. This study sought to investigate factors that influence patient completion of SLIT.We performed an institutional retrospective review of patients […]
  • Impact of Particulate Matter on the Clinical Characteristics of Rhinitis.
    To investigate the association between PM10 concentration and the severity of rhinitis symptoms.Retrospective cohort study.Retrospective analysis of the data of 590 participants prospectively enrolled in a regional population-based cohort study was performed. The ambient PM10 concentrations were measured at 12 different observatories located in three cities. All participants were screened for allergic sensitization by skin […]
  • Sublingual Immunotherapy versus Placebo in the Management of Grass Pollen-Induced Allergic Rhinitis in Adults: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.
    Allergic rhinitis (AR) is a common inflammatory condition of the nasal mucosa affecting approximately 20% of the population worldwide. Current therapies include intranasal antihistamines, corticosteroids, subcutaneous and sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT). This review and meta-analysis assesses the efficacy of SLIT in the management of grass pollen-induced AR in adults.Ovid EMBASE, Ovid EBM Reviews, Cochrane Central Register […]
  • Type 2 Inflammatory Shift in Chronic Rhinosinusitis During 2007-2018 in Belgium.
    Chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) is a heterogenic disease with different inflammatory patterns depending on the presence (CRSwNP) or absence (CRSsNP) of polyps and geographical location. A shift toward type 2 endotype has been seen in Asia. We aim to investigate whether there has been type 2 shift in Belgium and to further endotype CRS based on […]
  • Double-Blind Placebo-Controlled Trial of Bepotastine Salicylate in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis.
    To evaluate the efficacy and safety of a slow-release form of bepotastine salicylate (HL151, Belion CR) in patients with perennial allergic rhinitis (PAR).Double-blind, placebo-controlled multicenter comparative study.Two hundred seventy-two PAR patients (aged 19-65 years) were studied to determine the efficacy and safety of HL151 (20 mg once daily administration) relative to those of a placebo in terms […]
  • An Evaluation of Oxidative Stress With Thiol/Disulfide Homeostasis in Patients With Persistent Allergic Rhinitis.
    We evaluated the efficacy of medical treatment on thiol-disulfide balance despite ongoing allergic stimulation.The research design was a prospective observational study that included 35 persistent allergic rhinitis (AR) patients. All patients who were diagnosed with persistent AR were included. A skin prick test was applied to all patients, and the Sino-nasal Outcome Test-22 was used […]
  • Eosinophilic Sialodochitis: A Type of Chronic Obstructive Sialadenitis Related to Allergy.
    To investigate the clinical, laboratory, radiological, histopathological, and immunohistochemical features, and the expression of allergy-related cytokines in eosinophilic sialodochitis (ES).Thirty-eight patients diagnosed with chronic obstructive sialadenitis (COS) who had undergone glandular excision or incisional biopsy were enrolled. Seventeen patients with comorbid atopic disease and increased ductal tissue eosinophils comprised the ES group, while 21 patients […]
  • Early Response of Specific IgE can Predict Satisfaction with Sublingual Immunotherapy.
    To investigate predictive parameters at baseline and during the early response to sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) for house dust mites in allergic rhinitis patients.Retrospective cohort study.Patients were treated with SLIT for at least 3 years and serological tests performed at baseline and at 1-year follow-up to investigate predictive parameters. Satisfaction with SLIT, 4 nasal symptoms, and quality […]
  • Povidone-Iodine Use in Sinonasal and Oral Cavities: A Review of Safety in the COVID-19 Era.
    Approaches to nasal and oral decontamination with povidone-iodine (PVP-I) have been published to reduce nosocomial spread of Severe Acute Respiratory Syndrome-Coronavirus 2 (SARS-CoV-2). The safety of PVP-I topically applied to the nasal and oral cavity is addressed by a literature review. The specific efficacy of PVP-I against coronaviruses and its potential efficacy against SARS-CoV-2 is […]
  • Maxillary Sinus Ameloblastoma: Transnasal Endoscopic Management.
    Ameloblastoma (AM) is a slow growing and aggressive benign tumor with an odontogenic epithelial origin arising from the mandible or maxilla. The odontogenic neoplasm invades local tissues asymptomatically and accounts for 1% of oral tumors and over 10% of odontogenic tumors. A 64-year-old man with a history of allergic fungal rhinosinusitis (AFRS) undergoing a revision […]
  • Influences of CD8+ Tregs on Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells from Allergic Rhinitis Patients.
    CD8+ (or CD4+ ) CD25+ fork-head box transcription factor (Foxp3)+ regulatory T cells (CD8+ or CD4+ Tregs) all play a significant role in immune homeostasis and tolerance. However, the role of CD8+ Tregs in allergic rhinitis (AR) have not been clearly elucidated. The present study was aimed to assess the influence of CD8+ Tregs on […]
  • The Relation of Allergy to Eustachian Tube Dysfunction and the Subsequent Need for Insertion of Pressure Equalization Tubes.
    The most basic question to be answered in each case in which the choice of using a pressure equalization tube (PET) is being considered is: “what is the underlying pathophysiology of the middle ear disease being addressed?”We will evaluate the hypothesis that the Eustachian Tube (ET) may become “dysfunctional” due to allergic mucosal edema and […]
  • Comorbidities associated with eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis: A systematic review and meta-analysis.
    Eosinophilic chronic rhinosinusitis (ECRS) is a histological subtype of CRS that is generally recognised as being more difficult to manage. Patients with ECRS tend to have greater disease severity and poorer treatment outcomes after sinus surgery when compared with non-ECRS patients. The histopathology and biomarker assessments of ECRS are often unavailable prior to surgery and […]
  • Red-green-blue analysis of nasal mucosa discolouration in allergic rhinitis.
    To evaluate the colour values of nasal mucosa for the purpose of presenting an objective parameter of allergic rhinitis.Seventy-three patients with allergic rhinitis (allergy group) and 73 normal healthy individuals (control group) were included in the study. Endoscopic examinations were conducted, and endoscopic photographs of the septum and both inferior turbinates were taken. The Adobe […]
  • Dry Eye and Dry Nose Caused by the Effect of Allergic Rhinitis on Tear and Nasal Secretion Osmolarity.
    Allergic rhinitis is a type 1 hypersensitivity reaction of immunoglobulin E in the rhino-ocular mucosa. This study was planned to demonstrate in patients with allergic rhinitis to evaluate changes in tear, nasal secretions, and blood osmolarity compared to healthy individuals.Forty allergic rhinitis patients, 25 patients with acute upper respiratory tract infections, and 26 healthy participants […]
  • A Comparison of the Bacterial Nasal Microbiome in Allergic Rhinitis Patients and After Immunotherapy.
    Recent research has examined the nasal microbiome in rhinosinusitis and nondiseased states. Given immunologic alterations in allergic rhinitis (AR) and after allergen immunotherapy (IT), we evaluated the nasal microbiome in these conditions.Cross-sectional comparison.In this cross-sectional study, nasal swabs for microbiome analysis were collected from three patient groups: IT-naïve AR patients, AR patients undergoing IT for […]
  • Chronic Granulomatous Invasive Fungal Sinusitis: A Case Series and Literature Review.
    Chronic granulomatous invasive fungal sinusitis (CGIFS) is a peculiar disease of the paranasal sinuses due to its rarity, patient subset, and disease course. We describe 7 cases of histopathologically confirmed CGIFS with different treatment plans and varying outcomes. Of particular note was that one of these patients developed allergic fungal rhinosinusitis after complete resolution of […]
  • The Effect of Korean Red Ginseng on Symptoms and Inflammation in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis.
    Korean red ginseng (KRG) has been traditionally used in Korea for health improvement. However, the clinical effect of KRG intake on the symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis remains unknown. Our study was performed to identify the clinical effects of KRG on patients with allergic rhinitis and to examine the effect of KRG on allergic […]
  • Efficacy of indoor air purification in the treatment of Artemisia pollen-allergic rhinitis: A randomised, double-blind, clinical controlled trial.
    To evaluate the clinical efficacy of a high-efficiency air purifier in patients with allergic rhinitis.We conducted a randomised, double-blind, clinical controlled trial with active and inactive versions of an air purifier. Our study included patients with allergic rhinitis who were sensitive to Artemisia pollen and treatment of the indoor environment using air filtration at night. […]
  • Improvement in Psychological Condition of Patients With Persistent Moderate-Severe Allergic Rhinitis by Drug Therapy Combined With Psychological Intervention.
    To investigate the effect of drug treatment combined with psychological intervention on mental disorders in patients with persistent moderate-severe allergic rhinitis.Sixty patients with persistent moderate-severe allergic rhinitis who met the criteria were randomly divided into 2 groups: control group and experimental group. The control group was only given medication, whereas the experimental group was given […]
  • Expression of Matrix Metalloproteinases and Their Tissue Inhibitors in Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps: Etiopathogenesis and Recurrence.
    Chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps is a multifactorial disease of the nasal and paranasal sinus mucosa and it includes, as comorbidities, anatomic and morphologic alterations, allergic rhinitis, and immunologic diseases. We investigated matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-2, MMP-7, and MMP-9) and their tissue inhibitors (TIMP-1 and TIMP-2) concentration in different etiopathogenetical groups of patients with nasal polyposis […]
  • A Randomized Trial of Comparing a Combination of Montelukast and Budesonide With Budesonide in Allergic Rhinitis.
    It is not unequivocally proven whether a combination of an intranasal corticosteroids (INSs) and a cysteinyl leukotriene receptor antagonist has greater efficacy than INSs in the treatment of seasonal allergic rhinitis (SAR).Single-center, randomized, open-label study.Study subjects included 46 participants with SAR. Participants were randomized to receive budesonide (BD; 256 μg) plus montelukast (MNT; 10 mg) […]
  • Comparison of Sublingual Immunotherapy in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis Sensitive to House Dust Mites in Korea.
    The aim of this study was to investigate the clinical outcomes of sublingual immunotherapy (SLIT) using 2 kinds of SLIT medications (LAIS and Staloral) in patients with allergic rhinitis for Dermatophagoides pteronyssinus and Dermatophagoides farinae. We have evaluated the patient’s characteristics, safety, and compliance in 293 patients and also analyzed the symptom score, medication score, […]
  • The effects of resection of the peripheral branches of the posterior nasal nerves in the inferior turbinate, with special focus on olfactory dysfunction.
    There are few detailed studies about peripheral branch resection of the posterior nasal nerves in the inferior turbinate; thus, this study aimed to investigate this.Patients who underwent submucosal turbinoplasty with or without resection of the peripheral branches of posterior nasal nerves in the inferior turbinate were included.The resection of the posterior nasal nerves with turbinoplasty […]
  • Direct-To-Consumer Advertising of Over-the-Counter Sinonasal Remedies: A History of Mixed Messages.
    Sinus, cold, and allergy remedies comprise the most widely used sector of the over-the-counter (OTC) drug market. Direct-to-consumer advertising (DTCA) of pharmaceutical products has increased over the past 30 years, including the promotion of OTC drugs. The influence of DTCA on OTC sinonasal remedies comprises several positive and negative effects. Favorable aspects of this influence include […]
  • The Impact of Serum 25-Hydroxyvitamin D3 Levels on Allergic Rhinitis.
    We aimed to clarify the relation between allergic rhinitis and the serum levels of 25-hydroxivitamin D in the adult population. The study group consisted of 86 patients with allergic rhinitis who were diagnosed with the help of history of allergy, positive signs for allergy, blood samples, and positive skin prick tests; while the control group […]
  • Cryosurgical ablation for treatment of rhinitis: A prospective multicenter study.
    To assess the efficacy and safety of cryoablation of the posterior nasal nerve (PNN) for treatment of chronic rhinitis.This was a prospective single-arm trial of 98 adult patients at six U.S. centers with chronic allergic and nonallergic rhinitis. PNN cryoablation was performed in-office under local anesthesia using a handheld device. Patients discontinued use of intranasal […]
  • Food-Specific IgE and IgG Antibodies in Patients With Chronic Rhinosinusitis With Nasal Polyps: A Case-Control Study.
    EPOS 2012 states that investigation is needed to study a possible role for food allergy in the initiation and perpetuation of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP). Our main goal was to compare serum levels of food-specific immunoglobulin G (IgG) and IgE antibodies in patients with CRSwNP and controls. A prospective case-control study with 33 […]
  • Early Efficacy Analysis of Cluster and Conventional Immunotherapy in Patients With Allergic Rhinitis.
    Specific immunotherapy is an important immune-modifying treatment for patients with allergic rhinitis (AR). We compared the early efficacy and safety of cluster and conventional immunotherapies for patients with AR.One hundred forty-nine patients with persistent AR were enrolled in a randomized and open-label trial and were divided into the following 4 groups: 60 children treated conventionally, […]
  • Sustained outcomes in oral immunotherapy for peanut allergy (POISED study): a large, randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study.
    Dietary avoidance is recommended for peanut allergies. We evaluated the sustained effects of peanut allergy oral immunotherapy (OIT) in a randomised long-term study in adults and children.In this randomised, double-blind, placebo-controlled, phase 2 study, we enrolled participants at the Sean N Parker Center for Allergy and Asthma Research at Stanford University (Stanford, CA, USA) with […]
  • Does new sensitization correlate with nasal symptoms in children with allergic rhinitis?
    To evaluate the correlation between the increased number of sensitized allergens and nasal symptoms in patients with allergic rhinitis who were sensitized to house dust mites (HDMs).Among the patients who were enrolled in the Allergic Rhinitis Cohort Study for Kids, 174 children with rhinitis symptoms who were sensitized to HDMs were included in the analysis. […]
  • [Endoscopic posterior nasal neurectomy].
    Surgical techniques for resistant chronic rhinitis (rhinorrhoea) vary, ranging from vidian neurectomy to post-nasal neurectomy. The techniques vary mainly on the basis of instrumentation, and the avoidance of post-operative epistaxis, transient hypoesthesia of the soft palate and dryness of the eye. Endoscopic visualisation, and cauterisation or resection of posterior nasal nerve branches, can prevent such […]
  • Correlation Between Peak Nasal Flow Reversibility and Mucociliary Clearance in Allergic Rhinitis.
    Reversibility of nasal airflow after decongestion measured by rhinomanometry is associated with the severity of allergic inflammation. Peak nasal flow is a simpler alternative method for assessing nasal patency. The aim of this study was to evaluate the correlation between changes in peak nasal expiratory and inspiratory flows (PNEFs and PNIFs) after decongestion and nasal […]
  • Enhancement of ciliary beat amplitude by carbocisteine in ciliated human nasal epithelial cells.
    Carbocisteine (CCis), a mucoactive agent, is used to improve the symptoms of sinonasal diseases. However, the effect of CCis on nasal ciliary beating remains uncertain. We examined the effects of CCis on ciliary beat distance (CBD, an index of amplitude), and ciliary beat frequency (CBF) in ciliated human nasal epithelial cells (cHNECs) in primary culture.The […]
  • The Degree of Stress in Patients With Empty Nose Syndrome, Compared With Chronic Rhinosinusitis and Allergic Rhinitis.
    Depression is a mental health disease of growing public health concern because depressive mood affects the sufferer’s daily life and is also associated with productivity decline. Depression that is caused by other diseases or substances is referred to as secondary depression, which is an important distinction because curing the underlying cause could subsequently regulate depressive […]
  • Intranasal corticosteroids and saline: Usage and adherence in chronic rhinosinusitis patients.
    Intranasal saline irrigations and intranasal corticosteroids are supported by level-1 evidence for medical management of chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). We sought to study adherence with these medications.Prospective study of 174 patients with CRS. Patients reported their usage of intranasal saline irrigation and intranasal corticosteroid over the preceding 3 months, at presentation, and a subsequent follow-up visit […]
  • Unilateral versus bilateral sinonasal disease: Considerations in differential diagnosis and workup.
    Imaging findings play an important role in the workup and diagnosis of sinonasal disease. Unilateral versus bilateral involvement is a key finding that can differentiate between various diagnoses. Our objective is to characterize presenting symptoms, imaging findings, and most common diagnoses associated with unilateral versus bilateral sinonasal disease.Patients who underwent surgical intervention for sinonasal disease […]
  • Endoscopic sinus surgery for pediatric patients: Prognostic factors related to revision surgery.
    In the past two decades, endoscopic sinus surgery (ESS) has been performed frequently in children with medically recalcitrant chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). However, surgical success rates vary according to age. The causes of failure and prognostic factors for revision ESS remain unclear. The aims of the present study were to evaluate prognostic factors related to revision […]
  • Vitamin D Status in Egyptian Children With Allergic Rhinitis.
    This study aimed to assess the serum levels of vitamin D in an Egyptian cohort of children with allergic rhinitis (AR) and to evaluate any correlation of vitamin D status with the disease severity.One hundred twenty children with AR and 100 healthy children were included in our study. We studied the serum levels of vitamin […]
  • Contemporary analysis of otolaryngic allergy.
    Investigate the current trends in otolaryngic allergy (OA).Cross-sectional survey.Survey of active AAOA membership.Response rate was 27.3%. Regional response distribution rates were proportional to the AAOA membership distribution within the United States (R2 = 0.95; P < 0.001), with no significant regional response bias demonstrated (P = 0.428). Self-reported duration to OA competency was 5.8 years. […]
  • Aspergillus fumigatus induction of IL-33 expression in chronic rhinosinusitis is PAR2-dependent.
    In the pathophysiology of chronic rhinosinusitis with nasal polyps (CRSwNP), Aspergillus fumigatus (A. fumigatus) can upregulate IL-33 from human sinonasal epithelial cells (SNECs), which then activates innate lymphoid cells causing release of IL-13, an important driver of allergic inflammation. However, the mechanism by which A. fumigatus mediates the induction of IL-33 expression remains to be […]
  • Long-Term Effectiveness of Balloon Catheter Sinuplasty in Pediatric Chronic Maxillary Sinusitis.
    The objective of our study was to assess the long-term effectiveness of balloon catheter sinuplasty in the treatment of pediatric chronic maxillary sinusitis following failed first-line medical and surgical management with adenoidectomy. Pediatric patients younger than 12 years were reviewed for having failed previous adenoidectomy and undergone a balloon catheter sinuplasty between August 2006 and […]
  • Can Symptoms Differentiate Between Chronic Adenoiditis and Chronic Rhinosinusitis in Pediatric Patients.
    The purpose of this article is to differentiate pediatric patients with chronic adenoiditis from those with chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS) based on presenting symptoms. A chart review from a tertiary care facility with pediatric patients who presented with suspected CRS from 2006 to 2014 was identified. We compared patient characteristics, clinical symptoms, duration of symptoms, and […]
  • Add-on probiotics in patients with persistent allergic rhinitis: A randomized crossover clinical trial.
    Current medications for allergic rhinitis (AR) may have undesirable side effects that could affect quality of life (QoL). Probiotics could be an alternative in these patients. The aim of this study was to assess the impact of add-on probiotics on symptoms and QoL of patients.In this randomized crossover clinical trial, patients with persistent AR were […]