The lacking equation that estimates the protein catabolic rate in patients on once-weekly haemodialysis.

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The normalized protein catabolic rate (PCRn) is one of the key indices derived from the urea kinetic model (UKM) in haemodialysis (HD) patients. Ideally, it should be assessed using the double pool UKM (KDOQI clinical practice guidelines, AIKD, 2015), as the web-based software Solute-Solver (SS) does (Daugirdas et al., AJKD, 2009). Simple formulae exist to compute PCRn for patients on thrice- or twice-weekly HD schedule, but not for patients on once-weekly HD schedule (1HD/wk). Aim of the present technical note was to introduce the lacking equation that estimates PCRn in the 1HD/wk regimen.Data of a single HD session associated to monthly UKM studies were retrieved from the electronic database of our dialysis unit for 80 historical patients on 1HD/wk regimen. The UKM parameters, as calculated with SS, were used in a subgroup of 40 randomly selected patients (group 1) to build-up a multiple regression model of PCRn. The latter was used to predict PCRn (PCRnPred) values in the cohort of the remaining 40 patients (group 2). The Bland-Altman plot was used to analyse the agreement between PCRnPred and the paired “observed” (PCRnObs) values, as measured with SS.The following equation was established by means of the multiple regression analysis: PCRn = – 0.46 + 0.01 × C0 + 0.09 × eKt/V + 3.94 × Kru/V, where C0 is pre-dialysis blood urea nitrogen concentration, eKt/V is the equilibrated Kt/V, Kru is the residual renal urea clearance and V is the post-dialysis urea distribution volume. The PCRnPred values were 0.99 ± 0.24 g/kg/day; the PCRnObs values were 0.96 ± 0.23 g/kg/day (mean difference 0.03 ± 0.05 g/kg/day). Their difference at the Bland-Altman analysis ranged from – 0.08 to + 0.13 g/kg/day. Finally, a nomogram was drawn: it can be used to estimate not only PCRn from Kru/V and C0, but also C0 as a function of Kru/V and PCRn.The equation here introduced allows a simple and accurate estimate of PCRn in patients on once-weekly HD regimen. The availability of the nomogram relating C0 to PCRn and Kru/V could be a further step to make safer and safer the once-weekly HD regimen. The following equation was established by means of the multiple regression analysis [Formula: see text] where PCRn is the normalized protein catabolic rate (PCRn), C0 is pre-dialysis blood urea nitrogen concentration (BUN), eKt/V is the equilibrated Kt/V, Kru is the residual renal urea clearance and V is the post-dialysis urea distribution volume. A nomogram relating pre-dialysis BUN to PCRn and Kru/V could be drawn: it can be used to estimate not only PCRn from Kru/V and pre-dialysis BUN, but also pre-dialysis BUN as a function of Kru/V and PCRn.

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