Targeted Wellness Initiatives Are Most Effective for Reducing Otolaryngology Resident Burnout.

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Investigate the effect of a targeted wellness program on burnout in Otolaryngology residents.Residents and faculty collaboratively developed a program aimed at improving resident wellness. Program implementation began in July of 2018 and after 1 year, residents evaluated the program’s effects on burnout. We used the Maslach Burnout Inventory (MBI) and a Likert scale to evaluate the effects of the program.After 1 year of the resident wellness program, the MBI results showed an increase in the number of residents in the “engaged” category and a decrease in those rated as “burnout.” Residents rated favorably initiatives grouped into the following themes: time away from work, faculty engaging with residents outside of the hospital environment, efforts to enhance residents’ self-efficacy, fostering a positive culture among residents, and providing easy access to physical activity. The majority of initiatives were targeted to the “culture of wellness” domain, as defined by the Stanford Well MD framework. Our program targeted to a lesser extent the other 2 domains, “efficiency of practice” and “personal resilience.”After 1 year, the wellness program resulted in a trend toward improving burnout. Future efforts should be focused on targeting the multidimensional drivers of burnout as defined by established wellness frameworks. Realizing new stressors brought on by the COVID-19 pandemic will also be an area of active effort and research.

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Authors: Joseph R Acevedo, Jamie A Schlacter, Tamara N Chambers, Lia K Jacobson, Ronica Yalamanchili, Bhavishya Clark, Dorothy Pan, Niels C Kokot, Michael M Johns