In Vivo Elongation Patterns of the Collateral Ligaments in Healthy Knees During Functional Activities.

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Improved knowledge of in vivo function of the collateral ligaments is essential for enhancing rehabilitation and guiding surgical reconstruction as well as soft-tissue balancing in total knee arthroplasty. The aim […]

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Practice Patterns and Pain Outcomes for Targeted Muscle Reinnervation: An Informed Approach to Targeted Muscle Reinnervation Use in the Acute Amputation Setting.

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Targeted muscle reinnervation (TMR) and regenerative peripheral nerve interface (RPNI) procedures have been shown to improve patient-reported outcomes for the treatment of symptomatic neuromas after amputation; however, the specific indications […]

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Body Mass Index Differentially Moderates Heritability of Total Joint Replacement Due to Hip and Knee Osteoarthritis: A Cohort Study of 29,893 Swedish Twin Pairs.

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Osteoarthritis and obesity are diseases with high prevalence, and they share common etiologies. We investigated the sex-specific genetic susceptibility to hip and knee osteoarthritis necessitating total joint replacement (TJR), and […]

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Children with Primary Septic Arthritis Have a Markedly Lower Risk of Adverse Outcomes Than Those with Contiguous Osteomyelitis.

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It is widely believed that septic arthritis poses a risk of joint destruction and long-term adverse outcomes for children if not treated emergently. In the present study, children who had […]

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Patient Age and Cell Concentration Influence Prevalence and Concentration of Progenitors in Bone Marrow Aspirates: An Analysis of 436 Patients.

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Connective tissue progenitors (CTPs) resident in native tissues serve as biological building blocks in tissue repair and remodeling processes. Methods for analysis and reporting on CTP quantity and quality are […]

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Prevention of Unplanned Surgery Due to Delayed Diagnosis of Occult Ipsilateral Femoral Neck Fractures Associated with Femoral Shaft Fractures: A Study of the CT Capsular Sign with Lipohemarthrosis.

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The purpose of the present study was to investigate the effectiveness of using the computed tomography (CT) capsular sign with lipohemarthrosis of the hip joint as a selective indicator for […]

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Relationship Between Glenoid Component Shift and Osteolysis After Anatomic Total Shoulder Arthroplasty: Three-Dimensional Computed Tomography Analysis.

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The purpose of this study was to evaluate glenoid component position and radiolucency following anatomic total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) using sequential 3-dimensional computed tomography (3D CT) analysis.In a series of […]

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Metformin Use Is Associated with Fewer Complications in Patients with Type-2 Diabetes Undergoing Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Propensity Score-Matched Analysis.

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Diabetes is a well-established risk factor for complications following total knee arthroplasty (TKA), and the incidence of type-2 diabetes is increasing. Metformin is considered first-line therapy for type-2 diabetes and […]

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Development of a Multivariable Model Based on Individual Risk Factors for Recurrent Lateral Patellar Dislocation.

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Nonoperative treatment after first-time patellar dislocation is the standard of care. There is evidence that certain patients may be at high risk for recurrent instability. The aim of this study […]

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Length of Stay and 90-Day Readmission/Complication Rates in Unicompartmental Versus Total Knee Arthroplasty: A Propensity-Score-Matched Study of 10,494 Procedures Performed in a Fast-Track Setup.

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Whether to use unicompartmental knee arthroplasty (UKA) or total knee arthroplasty (TKA) for appropriate osteoarthritis cases is a subject of debate. UKA potentially offers faster recovery and fewer short-term complications. […]

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Acute Kidney Injury When Treating Periprosthetic Joint Infections After Total Knee Arthroplasties with Antibiotic-Loaded Spacers: Incidence, Risks, and Outcomes.

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Two-stage exchange arthroplasty with a high-dose antibiotic-loaded bone cement (ALBC) spacer and intravenous or oral antibiotics is the most common method of managing a periprosthetic joint infection (PJI) after a […]

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Contralateral Lower-Limb Functional Status Before Total Hip Arthroplasty: An Important Indicator for Postoperative Gait Speed.

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Postoperative gait speed, especially comfortable gait speed, is an important factor for predicting function after total hip arthroplasty (THA). In this study, we examined factors related to gait speed, including […]

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Recent Trends in Medicare Utilization and Reimbursement for Orthopaedic Procedures Performed at Ambulatory Surgery Centers.

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As part of a market-driven response to the increasing costs of hospital-based surgical care, an increasing volume of orthopaedic procedures are being performed in ambulatory surgery centers (ASCs). The purpose […]

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Functional Outcomes of Patients with Schizophrenia After Hip Fracture Surgery: A 1-Year Follow-up from an Institutional Hip Fracture Registry.

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Schizophrenia impairs a patient’s self-care abilities, which are crucial after a hip fracture. Studies on the outcomes of patients with schizophrenia after a hip fracture are dated. This study aims […]

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Pelvic Ring Reconstruction After Iliac or Iliosacral Resection of Pediatric Pelvic Ewing Sarcoma: Use of a Double-Barreled Free Vascularized Fibular Graft and Minimal Spinal Instrumentation.

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In patients undergoing iliosacral resections, pelvic ring reconstruction can maintain stability of the pelvis and spinal column, which is expected to achieve good functional outcomes. However, no optimal reconstruction method […]

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Inflation-Adjusted Medicare Reimbursement for Revision Hip Arthroplasty: Study Showing Significant Decrease from 2002 to 2019.

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Investigations into reimbursement trends for primary and revision arthroplasty procedures have demonstrated a steady decline over the past several years. Revision total hip arthroplasty (rTHA) due to infection (rTHA-I) has […]

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On-Track Lesions with a Small Distance to Dislocation Are Associated with Failure After Arthroscopic Anterior Shoulder Stabilization.

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Off-track lesions are strongly associated with failure after arthroscopic Bankart repair. However, on-track lesions with a small distance-to-dislocation (DTD) value, or “near-track lesions,” also may be at risk for failure. […]

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Providing an Evidence Base for Tissue Sampling and Culture Interpretation in Suspected Fracture-Related Infection.

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The recent consensus definition for the diagnosis of fracture-related infection (FRI) includes the identification of indistinguishable microorganisms in at least 2 surgical deep-tissue specimens as a confirmatory criterion. However, this […]

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Revision Reverse Shoulder Arthroplasty for Anatomical Glenoid Component Loosening Was Not Universally Successful: A Detailed Analysis of 127 Consecutive Shoulders.

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Glenoid component loosening is a primary cause of failure of anatomical total shoulder arthroplasty (TSA) and is commonly associated with glenoid bone loss. The purpose of the present study was […]

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Third-Generation Minimally Invasive Chevron and Akin Osteotomies (MICA) in Hallux Valgus Surgery: Two-Year Follow-up of 292 Cases.

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There is interest in hallux valgus deformity correction using internal fixation with the minimally invasive chevron and Akin osteotomies (MICA) technique. The objective of this study was to assess the […]

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Biconvex Patellar Components: 96% Durability at 10 Years in 262 Revision Total Knee Arthroplasties.

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The optimal strategy to address osseous deficiencies of the patella during revision total knee arthroplasty (TKA) remains controversial. One possible solution is a cemented biconvex patellar component used such that […]

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Effect of Postoperative Analgesic Exposure to the Cannabinoid Receptor Agonist WIN55 on Osteogenic Differentiation and Spinal Fusion in Rats.

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After spinal surgery and other orthopaedic procedures, most patients receive opioids for pain, leading to potential complications such as pseudarthrosis and opioid abuse associated with long-term use. As an alternative, […]

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