Association between length of stay in the emergency department and outcomes in out-of-hospital cardiac arrest.

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Several studies have previously reported that a prolonged emergency department length of stay (EDLOS) is associated with poor outcomes in critically ill patients. This study was performed to investigate the […]

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Post-exposure prophylaxis for human immunodeficiency virus after sexual assault in a Midwestern U.S. emergency department.

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Emergency departments (EDs) play an essential role in the timely initiation of HIV post-exposure prophylaxis (PEP) for sexual assault victims.Retrospective analysis of sexual assault victims evaluated and offered HIV PEP […]

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Early detection of hospitalized patients with COVID-19 at high risk of clinical deterioration: Utility of emergency department shock index.

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The COVID-19 outbreak has put an unprecedented strain on Emergency Departments (EDs) and other critical care resources. Early detection of patients that are at high risk of clinical deterioration and […]

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Automated tracking of emergency department abdominal CT findings during the COVID-19 pandemic using natural language processing.

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During the COVID-19 pandemic, emergency department (ED) volumes have fluctuated. We hypothesized that natural language processing (NLP) models could quantify changes in detection of acute abdominal pathology (acute appendicitis (AA), […]

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Awake intubations in the emergency department: A report from the National Emergency Airway Registry.

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To describe awake intubation practices in the emergency department (ED) and report success, complications, devices used, and rescue techniques using multicenter surveillance.We analyzed data from the National Emergency Airway Registry […]

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Automated tracking of emergency department abdominal CT findings during the COVID-19 pandemic using natural language processing.

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During the COVID-19 pandemic, emergency department (ED) volumes have fluctuated. We hypothesized that natural language processing (NLP) models could quantify changes in detection of acute abdominal pathology (acute appendicitis (AA), […]

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Awake intubations in the emergency department: A report from the National Emergency Airway Registry.

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To describe awake intubation practices in the emergency department (ED) and report success, complications, devices used, and rescue techniques using multicenter surveillance.We analyzed data from the National Emergency Airway Registry […]

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QT interval prolongation and the risk of malignant ventricular dysrhythmia and/or cardiac arrest: Systematic search and narrative review of risk related to the magnitude of QT interval length.

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Prolongation of the QTc interval is associated with an increased risk of malignant ventricular dysrhythmias, such as ventricular tachycardia (VT), and sudden cardiac death. The quantifiable risk rates of adverse […]

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The effect of point-of-care ultrasound on length of stay in the emergency department in children with neck swelling.

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Ultrasound is the imaging modality of choice in children presenting to the emergency department (ED) with soft tissue neck swelling. Point of care ultrasound (POCUS) has good accuracy when compared […]

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Pediatric point-of-care ultrasound of optic disc elevation for increased intracranial pressure: A pilot study.

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Papilledema is often difficult to detect in children. Ocular point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) measurement of the optic nerve sheath diameter (ONSD) is a non-invasive test for increased intracranial pressure (ICP), but […]

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Value of DYnamicVariation of impedance cardiac output in the diagnosis of heart failure in emergency department patients with undifferentiated dyspnea.

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Cardiac output (CO) responses to acute changes in body position and Valsalva maneuver (VM) were proposed to assess cardiac contractile reserve. We investigated the value of sitting position (SP), leg […]

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Improving urinary tract infection treatment through a multifaceted antimicrobial stewardship intervention in the emergency department.

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Urinary tract infection (UTI) is frequently encountered in the emergency department (ED). We assessed an antibiotic stewardship intervention tailored for the ED. The primary objective was improving overall adherence to […]

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Pneumothorax diagnosis with lung sliding quantification by speckle tracking: A prospective multicentric observational study.

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Lung ultrasound is commonly used for the diagnosis of pneumothorax. However, recognition of pleural sliding is subjective and can be difficult for novice. The primary objective was to compare a […]

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C1 esterase inhibitor for angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor-induced angioedema at a community teaching health system: A brief retrospective propensity-matched cohort study.

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Angiotensin-converting enzyme inhibitor (ACEi)-induced angioedema is a serious emergency that can cause life-threatening symptoms and death if not treated promptly. Potential treatment options for ACEi-induced angioedema include medications with limited […]

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Implementation of pharmacist targeted discharge prescription review in an emergency department.

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Little data has been published regarding emergency medicine pharmacist (EMP) review of discharge prescriptions. An internal retrospective review of a limited sample size of emergency department (ED) discharge prescriptions demonstrated […]

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Evaluation of fixed versus variable dosing of 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate for emergent warfarin reversal.

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This study compares the safety and efficacy of a fixed dose of 4-factor prothrombin complex concentrate (4FPCC) to the FDA-approved variable dosing for reversal of warfarin-induced anticoagulation.This was a single-center, […]

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The pragmatic use of industrial elastomeric facemasks in health care practice during the COVID-19 pandemic.

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The COVID-19 pandemic has forced health care workers to explore alternative personal protective equipment (PPE) strategies due to traditional product shortages in the setting of increased global demand. Some physicians […]

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Neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio is a prognostic predictor in emergency department patients with cutaneous adverse drug reaction.

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We aimed to evaluate the prognostic value of neutrophil-to-lymphocyte ratio (NLR) in emergency department (ED) patients with cutaneous adverse drug reactions to identify the severe patients at an early stage.In […]

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Demographic and clinical correlates of acute and convalescent SARS-CoV-2 infection among patients of a U.S. emergency department.

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Emergency Departments (EDs) have served as critical surveillance sites for infectious diseases. We sought to determine the prevalence and temporal trends of acute (by PCR) and convalescent (by antibody [Ab]) […]

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HIV testing among people with and without substance use disorder in emergency departments: A nationwide cohort study.

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To determine HIV testing trends during emergency department (ED) visits among those with and without substance use disorder (SUD) and examine factors associated with test receipt.We identified individuals age ≥ […]

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Empiric aztreonam is associated with increased mortality compared to beta-lactams in septic shock.

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To determine if aztreonam as initial empiric treatment of adult septic shock is associated with increased mortality compared to the use of anti-pseudomonal beta-lactam agents.This was a multicenter, retrospective cohort […]

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Ferritin, fever, and frequent visits: Hyperferritinemic syndromes in the emergency department.

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Fever of unknown origin (FUO) is defined as persistent fevers without an identifiable cause despite extensive medical workup. Emergency physicians caring for patients reporting a persistent, nonspecific, febrile illness should […]

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Use of age shock index in determining severity of illness in patients presenting to the emergency department with gastrointestinal bleeding.

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This study aimed to make a comparison between classical shock index (SI), modified shock index (MSI), and age shock index (age SI) for predicting critical patients presenting to the emergency […]

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Accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound for determining the adequacy of pediatric forearm fracture reductions.

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The objective of the present study was to the determine the accuracy of point-of-care ultrasound (POCUS) in assessing closed reduction (CR) of pediatric forearm fractures in a pediatric emergency setting.After […]

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