Supersaturating drug delivery systems containing fixed-dose combination of two antihypertensive drugs: formulation, in vitro evaluation and molecular metadynamics simulations.
The purpose of this study was to associate the poorly water-soluble antihypertensive drugs candesartan cilexetil (CC) and hydrochlorothiazide (HCTZ) as fixed-dose combination, in the form of ternary Amorphous Solid Dispersions (ASD), using hydroxypropylmethylcellulose acetate succinate (HPMCAS) type M as polymeric carrier. The potential of the system to generate and to maintain supersaturation of both drugs was also evaluated. The ASDs were prepared by ball milling technique and solid-state characterization was performed by differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), Fourier transformed infrared spectroscopy (FTIR) and X-ray powder diffraction (XRPD). Interaction between drugs and polymer in solid-state was evaluated by molecular metadynamics simulations. In vitro supersaturation profiles were determined in biorelevant medium. Physicochemical stability of ASDs was also evaluated under different storage conditions. Amorphization of both drugs was confirmed by solid-state characterization techniques. Molecular metadynamics simulations indicated that CC has stronger interaction with HMPCAS than HCTZ. In vitro supersaturation studies have shown that ternary ASDs could generate and maintain supersaturation of both drugs in biorelevant medium. The polymer reduced the desupersaturation of both drugs. Ternary ASDs also showed physicochemical stability over a period of 90 days, demonstrating the potential of the polymer in reducing the drugs recrystallization over the time. Ternary ASDs of CC, HCTZ and HPMCAS can be considered a promising system to associate the drugs as fixed-dose combinations. Also, these systems generate and maintain supersaturation of both drugs in biorelevant medium, with great storage stability. HPMCAS M was a good carrier for reducing the desupersaturation of associated HCTZ and CC.
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Authors: Juliana Munari Oliveira Pinto, Aline Franciane Leão, Giovana Carolina Bazzo, Cassiana Mendes, Letícia M P Madureira, Giovanni F Caramori, Renato L T Parreira, Hellen Karine Stulzer