Strategies and Controversies in the Treatment With Carbon Dioxide Laser of Laryngeal Hemangioma: A Case Series and Review of the Literature.
The hemangioma is the most common vascular tumor, involving the head and neck in 60% of cases. It is rare in the larynx. In children, hemangiomas are more frequent on the subglottis, whereas in adults the most common site is the supraglottis. Laryngeal hemangioma with cavernous features isolated to the free edge of the vocal fold is a very rare clinical finding. We present 2 cases of glottic hemangioma. Both patients reported severe hoarseness.In the first patient, an extensive blue-purple mass was seen on the right vocal cord. The patient was posted for microlaryngeal surgery with carbon dioxide (CO2) laser. Second patient had a large, smooth, flesh-colored polypoid mass emanating from the left vocal cord. The patient was posted for microlaryngeal surgery. After 2 months, both patients showed a considerable voice improvement.Vocal cord hemangiomas are very rare, and they usually cause problem in the voice of the patient. A vascular lesion that may mimic a hemangioma may sometimes result from an organizing hematoma following a hemorrhage on the vocal cords due to voice abuse. Laryngeal hemangiomas also need to be distinguished pathologically from polypoidal vascular granulation tissue that may be produced by laryngeal biopsy, intubation, or trauma. Indirect endoscopy is enough to diagnosis. No active treatment is advised for adult laryngeal hemangiomas unless the lesions are symptomatic or show a tendency to involve other parts. There is no uniformly accepted treatment of head and neck hemangiomas. Surgical excision with laser CO2 microlaryngoscopic techniques gives satisfactory results.