Serum tenascin-C is independently associated with increased major adverse cardiovascular events and death in individuals with type 2 diabetes: a French prospective cohort.
Tenascin-C (TN-C) is an extracellular matrix glycoprotein highly expressed in inflammatory and cardiovascular (CV) diseases. Serum TN-C has not yet been specifically studied in individuals with type 2 diabetes, a condition associated with chronic low-grade inflammation and increased CV disease risk. In this study, we hypothesised that elevated serum TN-C at enrolment in participants with type 2 diabetes would be associated with increased risk of death and major adverse CV events (MACE) during follow-up.We used a prospective, monocentric cohort of consecutive type 2 diabetes participants (the SURDIAGENE [SUivi Rénal, DIAbète de type 2 et GENEtique] cohort) with all-cause death as a primary endpoint and MACE (CV death, non-fatal myocardial infarction or stroke) as a secondary endpoint. We used a proportional hazard model after adjustment for traditional risk factors and the relative integrated discrimination improvement (rIDI) to assess the incremental predictive value of TN-C for these risk factors.We monitored 1321 individuals (58% men, mean age 64 ± 11 years) for a median of 89 months. During follow-up, 442 individuals died and 497 had MACE. Multivariate Cox analysis showed that serum TN-C concentrations were associated with an increased risk of death (HR per 1 SD: 1.27 [95% CI 1.17, 1.38]; p