Safety of robotic first rib resection for thoracic outlet syndrome.

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Robotic first rib resection (R-FRR) is an emerging approach in the field of thoracic outlet syndrome (TOS) that has technical advantages over traditional open approaches, including superior exposure of the first rib and freedom from retracting neurovascular structures. We set out to define the safety of R-FRR and compare it with that of the conventional supraclavicular approach (SC-FRR).We queried a prospectively maintained, single-surgeon, single-institution database for all FRR operations performed for neurogenic TOS and venous TOS. Preoperative, intraoperative, and complications were compared between approaches.Seventy-two R-FRRs and 51 SC-FRRs were performed in 66 and 50 patients, respectively. These groups were not significantly different in age, body mass index, sex, type of TOS, or preoperative use of opioids. Length of procedure and hospital stay were not different between groups. Postoperative inpatient self-reported pain (visual analog scale score 4.7 vs 5.2; P = .049) and administered morphine milligram equivalents (37.5 vs 81.1 MME, P 

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