Role of standardized reporting and novel imaging markers in chronic pancreatitis.
This article reviews recent efforts about standardized imaging features and reporting of chronic pancreatitis and recently published or ongoing imaging studies, which aim to establish novel imaging biomarkers for detection of parenchymal changes seen in chronic pancreatitis.New novel MRI techniques are being developed to increase the diagnostic yield of chronic pancreatitis specifically in the early stage. T1 relaxation time, T1 signal intensity ratio and extracellular volume fraction offer potential advantages over conventional cross-sectional imaging, including simplicity of analysis and more objective interpretation of observations allowing population-based comparisons. In addition, standardized definitions and reporting guidelines for chronic pancreatitis based on available evidence and expert consensus have been proposed. These new imaging biomarkers and reporting guidelines are being validated for prognostic/therapeutic assessment of adult patients participating in longitudinal studies of The Consortium for the Study of Chronic Pancreatitis, Diabetes and Pancreatic Cancer.New imaging biomarkers derived from novel MRI sequences promise a new chapter for diagnosis and severity assessment of chronic pancreatitis; a cross-sectional imaging-based diagnostic criteria for chronic pancreatitis combining ductal and parenchymal findings. Standardized imaging findings and reporting guidelines of chronic pancreatitis would enhance longitudinal assessment of disease severity in clinical trials and improve communication between radiologists and pancreatologists in clinical practice.
Authors: Temel Tirkes, Anil K Dasyam, Zarine K Shah, Evan L Fogel