Quantitative Evaluation of Subglottic Stenosis Using Ultrashort Echo Time MRI in a Rabbit Model.

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To assess the ability of ultra-short echo time (UTE)-MRI to detect subglottic stenosis (SGS) and evaluate response to balloon dilation. To correlate measurements from UTE-MRI with endotracheal-tube (ETT)-sizing and to investigate whether SGS causes change in airway dynamics.Animal research study.Eight adult New-Zealand white rabbits were used as they approximate neonatal airway-size. The airways were measured using ETT-sizing and 3D UTE-MRI at baseline, 2 weeks post-cauterization induced SGS injury, and post-balloon dilation treatment. UTE-MR images were acquired to determine airway anatomy and motion. Airways were segmented from MR images. Cross-sectional area (CSA), major and minor diameters (Dmajor and Dminor ), and eccentricity were measured.Post-injury CSA at SGS was significantly reduced (mean 38%) compared to baseline (P = .003) using UTE-MRI. ETT-sizing correlated significantly with MRI-measured CSA at the SGS location (r = 0.6; P  .05). Eccentricity of the upper trachea increased significantly post-balloon dilation (P 

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