Prognostic Factors and Long-Term Results in Patients Who Underwent Videothoracoscopic Bronchogenic Cyst Excision.
Our aim in this study was to compare the results of video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery with those of open surgery regarding efficacy, morbidity, and long-term recurrence of bronchogenic cysts in light of the literature.This study comprises the data of 51 patients whose pathological diagnosis revealed bronchogenic cyst after surgical excision between January 2010 and December 2016. There were two groups according to the type of resection: video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery (VATS) and thoracotomy.Of the patients included in the study, 25 (49%) were male and 26 (51%) were female. Their average age was 41.7 ± 14.1 years. While 14 patients (27.5%) were asymptomatic in the preoperative period, 37 patients (72.5%) had symptoms. The Charlson Comorbidity Index was 0 in 35 patients (68.6%) and 1 and above in 16 patients (31.4%). While 22 (43.1%) patients underwent cyst excision via VATS, 29 (56.9%) patients underwent thoracotomy. The average length of hospital stay was 1.77 ± 0.68 days for patients who had VATS, whereas it was 3.82 ± 3.3 days for patients who had thoracotomy (p <0.001).VATS procedure is a safe method in the surgical treatment of bronchogenic cysts, with less hospitalization and similar recurrence rates.