Predictors and outcomes of ischemic stroke in reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome.
The clinical factors predisposing to ischemic stroke in reversible cerebral vasoconstriction syndrome (RCVS) are unclear. In this observational cross-sectional study, we aimed to evaluate the risk factors and clinical outcomes associated with the development of ischemic stroke in patients with RCVS.We utilized the Nationwide Readmissions Database 2016-2017 to identify all hospitalizations with RCVS, with or without acute ischemic stroke. Independent predictors of and clinical outcomes associated with ischemic stroke were analyzed using logistic regression.Among 1065 hospitalizations for RCVS (mean ± SD age 49.0 ± 16.7 years, female 69.7%), 267 (25.1%) had ischemic stroke. Patients with ischemic stroke were more likely to have hypertension (OR 2.33, 95% CI 1.51-3.60), diabetes (OR 1.81, 95% CI 1.11-2.98), and tobacco use (OR 1.64, 95% CI 1.16-2.33) and were less likely to have a history of migraine (OR 0.56, 95% CI 0.35-0.90). Ischemic stroke was associated with higher odds of cerebral edema (OR 3.15, 95% CI 1.31-7.57) and respiratory failure (OR 2.39, 95% CI 1.28-4.44). Patients with ischemic stroke also had longer hospital stay by a mean duration of 6.7 days, P
Authors: Aayushi Garg, Matthew Starr, Marcelo Rocha, Santiago Ortega-Gutierrez