Pharmacological Treatments of Bell’s Palsy in Adults: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis.

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We aimed to simultaneously compare all available medical treatments for Bell’s palsy using both direct and indirect data.The literature was searched from January 1, 1990, until March 1, 2020, with no language restrictions. Randomized clinical trials comparing pharmacological interventions were included in the current network meta-analysis. We estimated summary risk ratios (RRs), 95% credible interval (CrI), and the surface under the cumulative ranking curve (SUCRA) using network meta-analyses with random effects in a Bayesian framework. The primary outcomes were complete recovery in short-term (≤3 months) and intermediate/long-term (>3 months) after randomization. The secondary outcome was synkinesis.In total, 21 trials comprising 2,839 participants were retrieved. In terms of good recovery, corticosteroids plus antivirals were the most effective treatment compared to placebo, with RRs ranging between 1.25 (95% CrI: 1.10, 1.43) for the short-term and 1.26 (95% CrI: 1.11, 1.45) for the intermediate/long-term recovery. For synkinesis, only corticosteroids plus antivirals (RR 0.35; 95% CrI: 0.19, 0.65) were associated with fewer synkinesis rates than placebo. The certainty of the evidence for good recovery and synkinesis was very low-low and moderate-high, respectively.This network meta-analysis showed that combined therapy remains the best regimen for a good recovery outcome and the only efficacious regimen for synkinesis. More research is needed to confirm these findings. Laryngoscope, 2021.

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This is an abstract of the clinical research article “Pharmacological Treatments of Bell’s Palsy in Adults: A Systematic Review and Network Meta-Analysis.” This clinical research article was published in the medical journal The Laryngoscope on 2021-01-06 and has been categorised as belonging to the clinical specialty of ENT. To read the full clinical research article or obtain a PDF (if available) use the links directly above. To discover more of the latest ENT clinical research articles from the medical journal The Laryngoscope please click the link below. For more of the latest ENT research articles from other leading medical journals click the link that says ENT next to the stethoscope icon at the top of the page. You can further filter clinical research articles by sub-specialties within ENT using the navigation menu at the top of the page.