Patients with Dupuytren’s Contracture, Ledderhose Disease, and Peyronie’s Disease are at higher risk of arthrofibrosis following total knee arthroplasty.

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Total knee arthroplasty (TKA) is a successful treatment for patients with late stage osteoarthritis, yet arthrofibrosis remains a consistent cause of TKA failure. Dupuytren’s, Ledderhose and Peyronie’s Diseases are related conditions of increased fibroblast proliferation. The aim of this study was to identify whether an association exists between these conditions and arthrofibrosis following TKA.Patient records were queried from 2010 to 2016 using an administrative claims database to compare the rates of arthrofibrosis, manipulation under anesthesia (MUA), lysis of adhesions (LOA), and revision TKA in patients with independent chart diagnoses of Dupuytren’s Contracture, Ledderhose, or Peyronie’s Diseases versus those without. Complications were queried and compared using multivariate logistic regression.Patients with Dupuytren’s (n = 5,232) and Ledderhose (n = 50,716) had a significantly higher rate of ankylosis following TKA: 30-days (OR, 1.54; OR, 1.23), 90-days (OR, 1.20; OR, 1.24), 6-months (OR, 1.23; OR, 1.23), and 1-year (OR, 1.28; OR, 1.23), while patients with Peyronie’s (n = 1,186) had a higher rate of diagnosis at 6-months (OR, 1.37) and 1-year (OR, 1.35). Patients with diagnoses of any of the fibroproliferative diseases had a statistically higher risk of MUA at 90-days, 6-month, and 1-year following primary TKA. These cohorts did not have a significantly higher rate of revision TKA.There is an increased odds risk of arthrofibrosis and MUA in patients who have undergone TKA and have a diagnosis of Dupuytren’s Contracture, Ledderhose, or Peyronie’s Diseases. Improvements to frequency and application of post-operative treatment should be considered in these cohorts to improve outcomes.

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Authors: Cindy X Wang, Travis R Flick, Akshar H Patel, Fernando Sanchez, William F Sherman