Patient-Directed Home Drain Removal in Head and Neck Surgery.
The purpose of this study was to evaluate the efficacy and safety of at home drain removal in head and neck surgery patients.The study population included patients who underwent head and neck surgery at an academic tertiary care center between February 2020 and November 2020 and were discharged with one to four drains with instructions for home removal. Prior to discharge, patients received thorough drain removal education. Patients were prospectively followed to evaluate for associated outcomes.One hundred patients were evaluated in the study. There was record for ninety-seven patients receiving education at discharge. The most common methods of education were face-to-face education and written instructions with educational video link provided. Of 123 drains upon discharge, 110 drains (89.4%) were removed at home while 13 (10.6%) were removed in office. Most drains were located in the neck (86.4%). There was one seroma, two hematomas, two drain site infections, and five ED visits; however, none of these complications were directly associated with the action of drain removal at home. Calculated cost savings for travel and lost wages was $259.82 per round trip saved.The results demonstrate that home drain removal can provide a safe and efficacious option for patients following head and neck surgery. This approach was safe and associated with patient cost savings and better utilization of provider’s time. Furthermore, patients and healthcare providers avoided additional in-person encounters and exposures during the COVID-19 pandemic. Our findings warrant further investigation into cost savings and formal patient satisfaction associated with home drain removal.4 Laryngoscope, 2021.
Authors: Rishabh Sethia, Taylor Freeman, Katherine Mead, Amanda Selhorst, Kelly Vala, Laura Skoracki, Megan Adelman, Kyle VanKoevering, Stephen Y Kang, Enver Ozer, Amit Agrawal, Matthew O Old, Ricardo L Carrau, James W Rocco, Nolan B Seim