Partial lamellar sclerouvectomy surgery for anteriorly located uveal tumour resection: a 20-year experience.

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To investigate the results of partial lamellar sclerouvectomy (PLSU) for anteriorly located uveal tumours.We reviewed the tumour features, histopathologic findings, complications, visual acuity outcomes, eye preservation, metastasis, and mortality data of 56 cases with uveal tumours who underwent PLSU between February 1999 and February 2019.The mean largest tumour base diameters were 5.8 × 3.4 mm and the mean tumour thickness was 3.3 mm. Histopathologically, 30 (53.6%) eyes had malignant melanoma, 13 (23.2%) had nevus, 5 (8.9%) had iris stromal cyst, 4 (7.1%) had melanocytoma, 2 (3.6%) had Fuchs’ adenoma, 1 (1.8%) had iris pigment epithelial cyst, and 1 (1.8%) had invasive breast cancer metastasis. The most common postoperative complications included cataract in 21 (37.5%) eyes, vitreous haemorrhage in 15 (26.8%), scleral thinning in 10 (17.9%), and hyphema in 6 (10.7%). At a mean follow-up of 40.4 (range: 10-201) months, tumour recurrence was observed in 2/30 (6.7%) eyes with melanoma and 1/5 (20.0%) eye with iris stromal cyst. Eyes with recurrent melanoma were treated with enucleation. Liver metastasis developed in only 1 (3.3%) melanoma case. All patients were alive at the end of follow-up.PLSU is a successful treatment method for many anteriorly located uveal tumours. In our series, the overall tumour recurrence and globe salvage rates were 5.4% and 96.4% respectively. Among melanoma cases, the metastasis rate was 3.3% and survival rate was 100%.

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Authors: Ibadulla Mirzayev, Ahmet Kaan Gündüz, Aylin Okçu Heper