Outcomes of patients with decreased arterial oxyhaemoglobin saturation on pulmonary arterial hypertension drugs.

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Drugs approved for the treatment of pulmonary arterial hypertension (PAH) improve long-term outcomes. These drugs have pulmonary vasodilator properties which may potentially cause a decrease in arterial oxyhaemoglobin saturation (SaO2) in some patients.The present retrospective study of the French PAH Registry aimed to describe clinical characteristics and outcomes of patients showing a ≥3% decrease in SaO2 while treated with PAH drugs.We reviewed 719 PAH patients. The exclusion criteria were PAH associated with congenital heart disease and PAH with overt features of venous/capillaries involvement.One hundred and seventy-three (24%) patients had a ≥3% decrease in SaO2. At diagnosis, they were older, with a lower diffusion capacity for carbon monoxide and a shorter 6-minute walk distance, when compared to those who did not display a ≥3% decrease in SaO2. The percentage of patients meeting the ESC/ERS low risk criteria at re-evaluation was significantly lower in those with a ≥3% decrease in SaO2 and more patients started long-term oxygen therapy in this group (16% versus 5%, p<0.001). A≥3% decrease in SaO2 was associated with a poorer survival (Hazard Ratio 1.81:95% confidence interval 1.43-2.34; p<0.0001). In a multivariate Cox analysis, a ≥3% decrease in SaO2 was a prognostic factor independent of age at diagnosis and ESC/ERS risk stratification at follow-up.When treated with PAH drugs, a large subset of patients experience a≥3% decrease in SaO2, which is associated with worst long-term outcomes and reduced survival.

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Authors: Simon Valentin, Arnaud Maurac, Olivier Sitbon, Antoine Beurnier, Emmanuel Gomez, Anne Guillaumot, Laura Textoris, Renaud Fay, Laurent Savale, Xavier Jaïs, David Montani, François Picard, Jean-François Mornex, Grégoire Prevot, François Chabot, Marc Humbert, Ari Chaouat