Oncological outcomes in differentiated thyroid cancer in South East Scotland.

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Differentiated thyroid cancer (DTC) is increasing in incidence but little is known about oncological outcomes for patients treated in the UK. Internationally there is a move toward conservative treatment of DTC. However, this is based on evidence from outside the UK. The aim of this study was to analyse oncological outcomes for a contemporary cohort of patients treated in a UK centre.Review of 470 consecutive prospectively recorded cases of DTC from the South East of Scotland endocrine MDT 2009-2018. Data on patient, tumour and treatment details as well as recurrence and survival details were extracted from the electronic patient record.Of 470 patients female:male ratio was 3.4:1, median age at presentation was 48 years (range 16-86 years). Overall 193 (41%), 134 (29%), 119 (25%) and 22 (5%) patients were p T1, T2, T3, and p T4 respectively. 385 patients (82%) were pN0, 31 patients (7%) were pN1a and 53 patients (11%) were pN1b. 19 patients (4%) were M1. Of 470 patients 350 (74%) had papillary thyroid carcinoma, 120 patients (26%) had follicular carcinoma. Surgical management was lobectomy, isthumusectomy, total thyroidectomy and lobectomy then completion thyroidectomy in 14%,1%, 41% and 43% cases respectively. 64% patients received radioactive Iodine (RAI) therapy. With a median follow-up of 70 months (range 4-124 months), 5 years overall survival and disease specific survival were 96.7% and 98.5% respectively. The 5 year local recurrence free survival (LRFS), regional recurrence free survival (RRFS), locoregional recurrence free survival (LRRFS), distant recurrence free survival (DRFS) and any recurrence free survivals were 100%, 95.8%, 95.8%, 98.3% and 95% respectively.Oncological outcomes for patients treated with DTC were excellent, in keeping with experience from international groups, suggesting that a move towards conservative treatment in the UK seems reasonable.

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