Nurse’s practices and attitudes toward sexual health, wellbeing, and function in people receiving haemodialysis: A scoping review.
Sexual health, wellbeing, and function are important parts of a person’s identity. Chronic diseases, such as kidney failure can alter, impair, and profoundly, affect sexual wellbeing and function.To conduct a scoping review of studies about renal nurses’ practice and attitudes towards sexual health, wellbeing, and function in people with kidney failure receiving haemodialysis.Using Arksey and O’Malley’s framework, seven databases were searched (CINAHL, MEDLINE, EMBASE, OvidPsycINFO, Scopus, Cochrane library, and JBI library). The search included studies published in English from January 2009 to January 2020.Four studies met the review criteria (two cross-sectional surveys and two qualitative). Role confusion in discussing sexual issues, lack of training, and education in addressing sexual concerns, personal, and workplace related barriers were four factors that emerged from the review of the studies. This review identified that renal nurses were uncomfortable and hesitant in initiating discussions about sexual health, wellbeing, and function with people receiving haemodialysis.Renal nurses experience role confusion about whose responsibility it is to initiate and discuss sexual concerns with patients, as well as who’s role is it to conduct sexual health assessments. Work related and personal barriers impeded nurses’ practice regarding sexual health, wellbeing, and function. Nurses working in renal units need knowledge and practical training about how to initiate and address sexual concerns in those affected by kidney disease.