Motor Impairment in Children With Congenital Heart Defects: A Systematic Review.

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With improvements in survival rates in newborns with congenital heart defects (CHDs), focus has now shifted toward enhancing neurodevelopmental outcomes across their life span.To systematically review the prevalence and extent of motor difficulties in infants, children, and adolescents with CHD requiring open-heart surgery.Data sources included Embase, Medline and the Cumulative Index to Nursing and Allied Health Literature.Original studies published between 1997 and 2019 examining gross and/or fine motor skills in children born with a CHD requiring open-heart surgery were selected.The prevalence of motor impairments and mean scores on standardized motor assessments were extracted. Findings were grouped in 5 categories on the basis of the age of the children.Forty-six original studies were included in this systematic review. The prevalence of mild to severe motor impairments (scores

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