Monitoring for intradialytic hypotension: An audit of nursing practice.
Intradialytic hypotension (IDH) is one of the most common complications associated with haemodialysis (HD), yet the frequency of patient assessment by nurses varies in practice. We sought to measure the frequency of nursing assessments before, during and after HD and to identify any predictors of IDH.To audit the frequency, nursing management and contributing factors of IDH.A prospective clinical audit was undertaken over 4 weeks.Nurses completed audit sheets on 132 patients at three chronic HD units.The audit tool consisted of 34 questions related to demographics, HD prescription, frequency of monitoring and nursing interventions.A total of 1584 sessions were performed with 876 (55.3%) audits returned, of which 452 were useable. There were 74 actual episodes of IDH, and a further 72 potential episodes may have been prevented due to nursing intervention. Most nurses reported assessing patients before starting HD and as required before an actual or potential IDH event (n = 85; 63%); few hourly assessments were performed. Predictors of IDH were systolic blood pressure ≤140 mmHg, having more than four comorbidities, dialysate temperature > 36°C, calcium