Midterm outcomes of endovascular treatment with bare metal stents for Leriche syndrome patients.
This study was undertaken to evaluate the acute and midterm results of endovascular treatment with bare metal stents (BMS) for Leriche syndrome patients.Patients with Leriche syndrome treated with BMS from August 2008 to May 2017 were included in the study and followed up. The primary endpoints were primary restenosis-free survival rates at 1, 2 and 3 years. The secondary endpoints were secondary restenosis-free and freedom from target lesion revascularization survival rates at 1, 2 and 3 years; technical success rate; complication rate; procedure-related mortality rate; and clinical status improvement at follow-up.Twenty patients were included and the follow-up duration was 34.7 ± 18.7 months (0-86 months). The 1-, 2- and 3-year primary restenosis-free survival rates were 94.4%, 88.1% and 73.5% and the secondary patency rates were 94.4%, 94.4% and 86.6%, respectively. The freedom from target lesion revascularization survival rates of patients at 1, 2 and 3 years were 94.4%, 88.1% and 79.3%, respectively. The aortoiliac lesions were successfully treated with BMS bilaterally in 17 patients (85.0%) and unilaterally in another 3 patients (15.0%). The complication rate was 10.0% and the procedure-related mortality rate was 0%. Mean ankle-brachial index increased significantly from 0.43 ± 0.20 before the procedure to 0.95 ± 0.21 after the procedure (P