Long-term Metabolic Morbidity and Steatohepatosis Following Standard Pancreatic Resections and Parenchyma-sparing, Local Extirpations for Benign Tumor: A Systematic Review and Meta-analysis.

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To assess metabolic dysfunctions and steatohepatosis after standard and local pancreatic resections for benign and premalignant neoplasms.Duodenopancreatectomy, hemipancreatectomy, and parenchyma-sparing, limited pancreatic resections are currently in use for nonmalignant tumors.Medline, Embase, and Cochrane libraries were searched for studies reporting measured data of metabolic functions following PD, pancreatic left resection (PLR), duodenum-sparing pancreatic head resection (DPPHR), pancreatic middle segment resection (PMSR), and tumor enucleation (TEN). Forty cohort studies comprising data of 2729 patients were eligible.PD for benign tumor was associated in 46 of 327 patients (14.1%) with postoperative new onset of diabetes mellitus (pNODM) and in 109 of 243 patients (44.9%) with postoperative new onset of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency measured after a mean follow-up of 32 months. The meta-analysis displayed pNODM following PD in 32 of 204 patients (15.7%) and in 10 of 200 patients (5%) after DPPHR [P < 0.01; OR: 0.33; (95%-CI: 0.15-0.22)]. PEI was found in 77 of 174 patients following PD (44.3%) and in 7 of 104 patients (6.7%) following DPPHR (P < 0.01;OR: 0.15; 95%-CI: 0.07-0.32). pNODM following PLR was reported in 107 of 459 patients (23.3%) and following PMSR 23 of 412 patients (5.6%) (P < 0.01; OR: 0.20; 95%-CI: 0.12-0.32). Postoperative new onset of pancreatic exocrine insufficiency was found in 17% following PLR and in 8% following PMSR (P < 0.01). pNODM following PPPD and tumor enucleation was observed in 19.7% and 5.7% (P < 0.03) of patients, respectively. Following PD/PPPD, 145 of 608 patients (23.8%) developed a nonalcoholic fatty liver disease after a mean follow-up of 30.4 months. Steatohepatosis following DPPHR developed in 2 of 66 (3%) significantly lower than following PPPD (P < 0.01).Standard pancreatic resections for benign tumor carry a considerable high risk for a new onset of diabetes, pancreatic exocrine insufficiency and following PD for steatohepatosis. Parenchyma-sparing, local resections are associated with low grade metabolic dysfunctions.

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Authors: Hans G Beger, Benjamin Mayer, Catalin Vasilescu, Bertram Poch