Long-Term Follow-Up After Fat Graft Myringoplasty: Do Size and Location Matter?

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To assess clinical and functional outcomes of a fat graft myringoplasty under local in an office setting.Prospective case series.Tertiary care facility.Patients with a tympanic membrane (TM) perforation presenting between December 2005 and June 2019. Inclusion criteria included perforation size >25% of the surface of the pars tensa of the TM, entire perforation margins visualized through a transcanal view, and lack of spontaneous closure at the 6-month follow-up. The exclusion criteria were the presence of cholesteatoma, wet appearance of the mucosa in the tympanic cavity, ear discharge in the 3 months before surgery, or signs of ossicular inconsistency.In-office fat graft myringoplasty technique under local anesthesia.Complete perforation closure rate and audiometric outcomes.A total of 121 patients underwent the procedure, of whom 21 had bilateral sequential procedures (total 142 ears). Average age was 51.1 ± 18.4 years (range, 3-78 years). The size of perforation was <25% of TM in 39 (27.5%) ears, 25% to 50% of TM in 49 (34.55%) ears, 50% to 75% of TM in 34 (23.91%) ears, and 75% to 100% of TM in 20 (14.10%) ears. Complete perforation closure was evident in 130 (91.55%) of the 142 ears. Preoperative mean air conduction threshold was 59.3 dB (17-95 dB) and significantly improved into 35.6 dB (10-85 dB; P < .0004) after surgery. Preoperative air-bone gap was 30.2 dB (5-70 dB) and also significantly improved into 10.2 dB (5-65 dB; P < .0001) after surgery.In office fat graft myringoplasty, in adult and pediatric patients with variable perforation sizes, is a well-tolerated procedure with very satisfactory clinical results.

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