Intravascular Ultrasound Assessment and Correlation With Angiographic Findings of Arterial Dissections Following Auryon Laser Atherectomy and Adjunctive Balloon Angioplasty: Results of the iDissection Auryon Laser Study.

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Femoropopliteal arterial angiographic dissections with the use of the Auryon laser atherectomy system (previously the B-laser) have been infrequent and non-flow limiting. However, the pattern of these dissections (depth and arc) using intravascular ultrasound remains unknown.We prospectively enrolled 29 patients in the iDissection Auryon study. The primary objective was to define the occurrence of new adventitial injury with intravascular ultrasound (IVUS). Secondary objectives included distal embolization and bailout stenting as judged by the operator because of 30% or more residual narrowing and/or NHLBI (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute) angiographic dissection C and higher. Core laboratory analysis was carried on all cases except for 1 patient (that crossed over to Jetstream atherectomy). Dissections were classified according to the iDissection classification as involving the intima (A), media (B), and adventitia (C) and ≤ 180-° arc (1) or >180-° arc (2). Overall, 22 of 29 patients had an embolic filter (per protocol).Median lesion and treated lengths were 100.0 and 150.0 mm, respectively. Vessel diameter by IVUS was 6.5 ± 1.5 mm. Chronic total occlusion (CTO) was present in 24.1% of cases. The arc of calcium was: no calcium in 27.6%, <90° in 13.8%, 90° to 180° in 20.7%, and >180° in 34.4%. Lesion severity was reduced to a median of 14% post laser and adjunctive percutaneous transluminal angioplasty (PTA) from a baseline of 76%. Bailout stenting occurred in 6 of 28 (21.4%) patients (3 for dissections, 2 for residual >30%, and 1 for both) and primary stenting in 1 of 28 (3.6%). By IVUS, there were 9 new dissections post laser (1 adventitial; 3≥180°) and 21 new dissections post laser and PTA (3 adventitial; 1≥180°). No distal embolization requiring treatment was seen and no macrodebris ≥2 mm was recovered in the filters.The Auryon laser atherectomy system had minimal rate of adventitial injury despite complex disease with relatively low bailout stent rate and no clinically significant macrodebris.

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Authors: Nicolas W Shammas, James T Torey, W John Shammas, Susan Jones-Miller, Gail A Shammas