Intracranial Hemorrhage After Endovascular Repair of Thoracoabdominal Aortic Aneurysm.

Please login or register to bookmark this article
Bookmark this %label%

Intracranial hemorrhage (ICH) is a rare but devastating complication of thoracoabdominal aortic aneurysm (TAAA) repair with fenestrated/branched endograft (f/bEVAR). The cerebrospinal fluid drainage (CSFD) is considered one of the leading causes; however, other possible concomitant factors have not been individualized yet. The aim of the present work was to evaluate the pattern of ICH events after f/bEVAR for TAAA and to identify possible associated factors.All f/bEVAR procedures for TAAA performed in a single academic center from 2012 to 2020 were evaluated. ICH was assessed by cerebral computed tomography if neurological symptoms arose. Pre-, intra-, and postoperative characteristics were analyzed in order to identify possible factors associated.A total of 135 f/bEVAR were performed for 72 (53%) type I, II, III and 63 (47%) type IV TAAA; 74 (55%) were staged procedures, 101 (73%) required CSFD, and 24 (18%) were performed urgently. The overall 30-day mortality was 8% (5% in elective cases); spinal-cord ischemia occurred in 11(8%) and ICH in 8 (6%) patients. All ICH occurred in patients with CSFD. ICH occurred intraoperatively in 1 case, inter-stage in 4 and after F/BEVAR completion in 3, after a median of 6 days the completion stage. Three (38%) of 8 patients with ICH died at 30 days and ICH was associated with 30-day mortality: odds ratio (OR) 13.2, 95% confidence interval (CI): 2.3-76, p=0.01. The analysis of the perioperative characteristics identified platelet reduction >60% (OR 11, 95% CI 1.6-77, p=0.03), chronic kidney disease (16% vs 0%, p=0.002), and total volume of liquor drained >50 mL (OR 8.1, 95% CI 1.1-69, p=0.03) as associated with ICH.Current findings may suggest that ICH is a potential lethal complication of the endovascular treatment for TAAAs and it mainly occurs in patients with CSFD. High-volume liquor drainage, platelet reduction, and chronic kidney disease seems increase significantly the risk of ICH and should be considered during the perioperative period and for further studies.

View the full article @ Journal of endovascular therapy : an official journal of the International Society of Endovascular Specialists
Get PDF with LibKey

Authors: Rodolfo Pini, Gianluca Faggioli, Cecilia Fenelli, Enrico Gallitto, Chiara Mascoli, Paolo Spath, Mauro Gargiulo