Influence of Pregnancy on Aortic Diameter in Women with the Turner Syndrome.
Women with Turner syndrome (TS) have high prevalence of cardiovascular anomalies. Literature suggests pregnancy is associated with a higher dissection risk, presumably preceded by aortic dilatation. Whether the aortic diameter truly changes during pregnancy in TS is not well investigated. This study aims to evaluate ascending aortic diameter change during pregnancy and reports on cardiac events during and directly after pregnancy. This tertiary hospital retrospective study investigated all TS women pregnancies (2009-2018). Outcome parameters included aortic diameter growth and aortic complications, specifically dissection. Thirty-five pregnancies in 30 TS women, 57% assisted by oocyte donation. Mean age at delivery 32±5 years. In 27 pregnancies of 22 women imaging was available. From over 350 childless TS women a comparison group of 27 was individually matched. The median ascending aortic diameter growth between pre- and post-pregnancy imaging was 1,0mm (IQR -1,0;2,0), no significant change (p=0.077). Whether the patient had a bicuspid aortic valve (BAV) (p=0.571), monosomy X or mosaic karyotype (p=0.071) or spontaneous pregnancy or resulting from oocyte donation (p=0.686) had no significant influence on diameter change. Aortic growth between pregnancy and matched childless group (0,23 vs 0,32mm/year, p=0.788) was not significant over 3,3±2 versus 4,4±1 years. During pregnancy or the first 6 months after delivery no aortic complications were observed. In conclusion, this study suggests pregnancy in TS women does not induce faster ascending aortic diameter increase. Also not in presence of a BAV, monosomy X karyotype and oocyte donation. No aortic complications occurred. Based on current study pregnancy in TS women seems safe.