Inferior outcomes following cardiac surgery in patients with a functioning renal allograft.

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Renal transplantation is an effective treatment for end-stage renal failure. The aim of this study was to evaluate outcomes for these patients undergoing cardiac surgery.A retrospective analysis identified patients with a functioning renal allograft at the time of surgery. A 2:1 propensity matching was performed. Patients were matched on: age, sex, left ventricle function, body mass index, preoperative creatinine, operation priority, operation category and logistic EuroSCORE.Thirty-eight patients undergoing surgery with a functioning renal allograft were identified. The mean age was 62.4 years and 66% were male. A total of 44.7% underwent coronary artery bypass grafting and 26.3% underwent a single valve procedure. The mean logistic EuroSCORE was 10.65. The control population of 76 patients was well matched. Patients undergoing surgery following renal transplantation had a prolonged length of intensive care unit (3.19 vs 1.02 days, P 

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