Impact of young age on outcomes of emergency department procedural sedation.
Relatively little is known about outcomes of procedural sedation in very young children. Our objective was to examine the association between procedural sedation in young children (≤ 2 years) and the incidence of sedation-related adverse events.This is a secondary analysis of a prospective cohort study of children 0 to 18 years undergoing parenteral procedural sedation in six Canadian pediatric emergency departments (ED). The primary risk factor was age ≤ 2 years. Secondary risk factors were sex, procedure type, pre-procedure and sedation medications. The outcomes examined were: serious adverse events (SAE), significant interventions, oxygen desaturation and vomiting.Of the 6295 patients included, 946 (15%) were ≤2 years. Children 13-24 months comprised 90% of the young age group. Children ≤ 2 years were sedated most commonly for laceration repair (n = 450; 47.6%), while orthopedic reduction was most common in children > 2 (n = 3983; 74.5%). Ketamine was the most common medication in both groups, but was used more frequently in children ≤ 2 years (80.9% vs 58.9%; p
Authors: Michael Schlegelmilch, Mark G Roback, Maala Bhatt, Sedation Safety Study Group of Pediatric Emergency Research Canada (PERC), David W Johnson, Ken J Farion, Samina Ali, Suzanne Beno, Andrew Dixon, C Michelle McTimoney, Gabino Travassos, Candice McGahern, Zach Cantor, Eleanor Fitzpatrick, Nadia Dow, Taline Naranian, Gabrielle Allard