Imbalance Associated With Cisplatin Chemotherapy in Adult Cancer Survivors: A Clinical Study.

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This study investigated balance problems and vestibular function in adult cancer survivors who had completed cisplatin chemotherapy treatment.Observational cross-sectional study.Tertiary care center.Adult survivors of cancer who had completed cisplatin treatment.Patient-reported balance symptoms were evaluated by a semistructured clinical interview. Patients underwent bedside clinical tests including Dynamic Visual Acuity test, Modified Clinical Testing of Sensory Interaction and Balance (CTSIB-m), and vibration sense testing to detect peripheral neuropathy. The video Head Impulse Test (vHIT) of all semicircular canals was performed.Eleven of 65 patients (17%) reported some balance symptoms after cisplatin therapy, including vertigo, dizziness, unsteadiness, and falls. Vertigo was the most common balance symptom, reported by six patients (9.2%), and the clinical histories of these patients were consistent with benign paroxysmal positional vertigo. Three patients (5%) had abnormal results of the CTSIB-m test, and they were the same patients who reported falls. There was a significant association of peripheral neuropathy detected by vibration test and balance symptoms. All patients had normal vHIT results in all semicircular canals.Balance symptoms after cisplatin treatment occurred in 17% of adult cancer survivors. Patients with peripheral neuropathy were more likely to have balance symptoms. The CTSIB-m test is a useful bedside physical examination to identify patients with a high risk of fall. Though there was no vestibular dysfunction detected by the vHIT in cancer survivors after cisplatin therapy, benign paroxysmal positional vertigo was relatively prevalent in this group of patients.

View the full article @ Otology & neurotology : official publication of the American Otological Society, American Neurotology Society [and] European Academy of Otology and Neurotology
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Authors: Pattarawadee Prayuenyong, Anand V Kasbekar, Deborah A Hall, Ivo Hennig, Anjana Anand, David M Baguley