Clinical frailty and its effect on the septuagenarian population after emergency laparotomy.

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The UK has an ageing population with an increased prevalence of frailty in the over 70s. Emergency laparotomy for acute intra-abdominal pathology is increasingly offered to this population. This can challenge decision making and information given to patients should not only be based on mortality outcomes but on relative expected quality of life and change to frailty syndromes.This was a single site National Emergency Laparotomy Audit (NELA)-based retrospective cohort audit for consecutive cases in the septuagenarian population assessing mortality, length of stay outcome and subjective postoperative functioning. Follow-up was conducted between one and two years postoperatively to determine this.Some 153 patients were identified throughout the single site NELA database. Median age was 79 years with a ratio of 1.7 men to women. Median rate of all-cause mortality was 35.3% at the median follow-up of 19 months. Median time from admission to death was 120 days. Of those who had died by the time of follow-up, significant preoperative indicators included clinical frailty scale (p 

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Authors: L Alder, S J Mercer, N C Carter, S K Toh, B C Knight