Exosomal miR-186 derived from BMSCs promote osteogenesis through hippo signaling pathway in postmenopausal osteoporosis.

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Postmenopausal osteoporosis (PMO) that results from estrogen withdrawal is the most common primary osteoporosis among older women. However, little is known about the mechanism of PMO, and effective treatment of PMO is limited.We used real-time polymerase chain reaction (qPCR), Western blotting, and RNA pull down to investigate the relationship between miR-186 and MOB Kinase Activator 1A (Mob1). Also, we investigated the effect of exosome in osteogenesis using alkaline phosphatase (ALP) staining. And hematoxylin eosin (HE) staining was used to verify the osteogenesis in PMO model.Exosomal miR-186 plays an important role in bone formation. The results of miRNA-seq and q-PCR showed that miR-186 was upregulated in a PMO + Exo treatment group. Results of RNA-pull down and luciferase reporter assays verified interactions between miR-186 and Mob1. We also verified the Hippo signaling pathway plays an important role in osteogenesis.We concluded that exosomes derived from human bone marrow mesenchymal stem cells (hBMSCs) can transfer miR-186 to promote osteogenesis in ovariectomy (OVX) rats through the Hippo signaling pathway.

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