Eukaryotic initiation factor 4 gamma 2 contributes to neuropathic pain through downregulation of Kv1.2 and the mu opioid receptor in mouse primary sensory neurones.

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Nerve injury-induced changes in gene expression in the dorsal root ganglion (DRG) contribute to neuropathic pain genesis. Eukaryotic initiation factor 4 gamma 2 (eIF4G2) is a general repressor of cap-dependent mRNA translation. Whether DRG eIF4G2 participates in nerve injury-induced alternations in gene expression and nociceptive hypersensitivity is unknown.The expression and distribution of eIF4G2 mRNA and protein in mouse DRG after spinal nerve ligation (SNL) were assessed. Effects of eIF4G2 siRNA microinjected through a glass micropipette into the injured DRG on the SNL-induced DRG mu opioid receptor (MOR) and Kv1.2 downregulation and nociceptive hypersensitivity were examined. In addition, effects of DRG microinjection of adeno-associated virus 5-expressing eIF4G2 (AAV5-eIF4G2) on basal DRG MOR and Kv1.2 expression and nociceptive thresholds were analysed.eIF4G2 protein co-expressed with Kv1.2 and MOR in DRG neurones. Levels of eIF4G2 mRNA (1.7 [0.24] to 2.3 [0.14]-fold of sham, P<0.01) and protein (1.6 [0.14] to 2.5 [0.22]-fold of sham, P<0.01) in injured DRG were time-dependently increased on days 3-14 after SNL. Blocking increased eIF4G2 through microinjection of eIF4G2 siRNA into the injured DRG attenuated SNL-induced downregulation of DRG MOR and Kv1.2 and development and maintenance of nociceptive hypersensitivities. DRG microinjection of AAV5-eIF4G2 reduced DRG MOR and Kv1.2 expression and elicited hypersensitivities to mechanical, heat and cold stimuli in naïve mice.eIF4G2 contributes to neuropathic pain through participation in downregulation of Kv1.2 and MOR in injured DRG and is a potential target for treatment of this disorder.

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