Endometrial Sarcoma Metastasis to the Pterygopalatine Fossa: A Case Report and Review of the Literature.
Metastatic skull base malignancies infrequently occur but, when present, typically arise from breast malignancies. Pterygopalatine fossa (PPF) metastasis of any malignancy is further seldom reported, and metastasis of gynecologic malignancies to the PPF has not been previously described in the literature. We present a single case of a 42-year-old female with the first likely case of high-grade endometrial sarcoma metastatic to the PPF. The patient presented with facial pain and numbness in the V2 distribution presented for evaluation. History was significant for several months of dysmenorrhea and metrorrhagia. Computed tomography, magnetic resonance imaging, and positron emission tomography imaging revealed a PPF mass with local extension and bony metastases. Endoscopic biopsy was performed, and final pathology was most consistent with metastatic high-grade endometrial stromal sarcoma. This is the first reported case of likely metastatic endometrial sarcoma to the PPF. This case report highlights the possibility of rare distant metastasis of gynecologic malignancy to this area of the skull base.