Electrocochleography Observations in a Series of Cochlear Implant Electrode Tip Fold-Overs.
Tip fold-over is a rare but serious complication of cochlear implant (CI) surgery. The purpose of this study was to present intraoperative electrocochleography (ECochG) observations in a series of CI electrode tip fold-overs.Five pediatric subjects undergoing CI surgery through a round window (RW) approach with a perimodiolar electrode array, who were diagnosed with either auditory neuropathy spectrum disorder or enlarged vestibular aqueduct.Intraoperative RW ECochG during CI surgery: tone burst stimuli were presented from 95 to 110 dB SPL.Magnitude and phase characteristics of ECochG responses obtained intraoperatively before and immediately after electrode insertion were examined for patients with and without tip fold-over.Three subjects presented with tip fold-over and two formed the control group. Among fold-over cases, one participant exhibited an inversion in the starting phase of the cochlear microphonic response and a decrease in spectral magnitude from pre- to postinsertion. Both subjects who did not exhibit a change in phase had an increase in the ECochG-total response (ECochG-TR) magnitude. No case in the control group exhibited a change in starting phase. In regard to the ECochG-TR, all controls showed a decrease in the magnitude.Despite the small number of patients, heterogeneous ECochG response patterns were observed within the fold-over group. Though these results are not conclusive, they can serve as a framework to begin to understand ECochG’s utility in detecting intraoperative tip fold-over.