Effects of Nurse-Led Pain Management Interventions for Patients with Total Knee/Hip Replacement.
A literature review was conducted to assess nurse-led nonpharmacologic pain management interventions intended for total knee/hip replacement patients.This was a systematic review and meta-analysis.The PubMed, Embase, CINAHL, and Cochrane Library databases were searched to identify relevant studies.The systematic review was conducted based on the Cochrane Handbook for Systematic Reviews of Interventions and all Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analysis (PRISMA) reporting guidelines. Two reviewers independently selected the studies and appraised their quality. Thereafter, the effects of all described nurse-led nonpharmacologic pain management interventions were estimated regarding pain, anxiety, and satisfaction through a meta-analysis.In total, 219 relevant studies were found through a search. Finally, 23 studies were selected for review, with 17 included in the meta-analysis. Nurse-led nonpharmacologic pain management was effective for pain relief (effect size, -0.22; 95% confidence interval [CI], -0.42 to -0.02), and educational interventions were especially effective (effect size, -0.36; 95% CI, -0.69 to -0.03). Although interventions reduced anxiety and improved satisfaction, these results were not statistically significant based on the analysis.Our findings support that nurse-led nonpharmacologic pain management interventions could help reduce pain in patients with total knee/hip replacement by supplementing pharmacologic pain management.Nurse-led nonpharmacologic pain interventions should be considered to reduce patient pain with total knee/hip replacement.