Effectiveness and Safety of Thermal Ablation in the Treatment of Primary Hyperparathyroidism: A Multicenter Study.
To evaluate the effectiveness and safety of thermal ablation for primary hyperparathyroidism (pHPT).From January 2015 to March 2020, data pertaining to patients who received thermal ablation for pHPT at 4 centers were retrospectively analyzed. The median follow-up duration was 18.1months (IQR: 6.5-42.2 months). A cure referred to the reestablishment of normal values of serum calcium and intact parathyroid hormone (iPTH) throughout the entire follow-up period, at least more than 6 months. The technical success, effectiveness, and safety of treatment were analyzed.119 patients (mean age, 57.2 ± 16.3 years; 81 female) with 134 parathyroid nodules were enrolled. The mean maximum diameter of the parathyroid glands was 1.6 ± 0.9 cm. Ninety-six patients underwent microwave ablation (MWA), and 23 patients underwent radiofrequency ablation (RFA). The technical success rate was 98.3% and the cure rate was 89.9%. Significant differences were found in the maximum diameter between the cured patients and the patients who did not undergo ablation of the target lesions. Except the cases with pHPT nodules<0.6cm in diameter, the cure rate was 95%. There were no difference in cure rates at 6 months between the MWA and RFA (MWA vs. RFA, 90.6% vs. 87.0%; χ2=0.275, p = 0.699). The volume reduction rate of the ablation zone was 94.6% at 12 months. The complication rate was 6.7% (8/119). Except one patient with persistent voice impairment, other symptoms were spontaneously resolved within six months.Thermal ablation was effective and safe for pHPT.
Authors: Ying Wei, Cheng-Zhong Peng, Shu-Rong Wang, Jun-Feng He, Li-Li Peng, Zhen-Long Zhao, Xiao-Jing Cao, Yan Li, Ming-An Yu