Effect of hysterectomy on pain in patients with endometriosis: A population-based registry study.
To assess pain symptoms before and after hysterectomy in women with endometriosis.A population-based registry study.Sweden.Women aged 18-45 years who underwent hysterectomy for endometriosis between 2010 and 2015.Pain symptoms before hysterectomy and 12 months after surgery were collected from the Swedish National Quality Register for Gynaecological Surgery (GynOp). Pain symptoms were also assessed by follow-up surveys after a median follow-up period of 63 months.Pelvic or lower-abdominal pain after hysterectomy.The study included 137 women. The proportion of women experiencing pain of any severity decreased by 28% after hysterectomy (p <0.001). The proportion of women with severe pain symptoms decreased by 76% after hysterectomy (p<0.001). The majority of patients (84%) were satisfied with the surgical result. Presence of severe pain symptoms after the hysterectomy was associated with less satisfaction (p<0.001). Pain symptoms after surgery, patient satisfaction, and the patient’s perceived improvement were not significantly different between patients whose ovarian tissue was preserved and patients who underwent bilateral oophorectomy.We observed a significant, long-lasting reduction in pain symptoms after hysterectomy among women with endometriosis. Hysterectomy, with the possibility of ovarian preservation, may be a valuable option for women with endometriosis who suffer from severe pain symptoms.The authors received no financial support for the research, authorship, and/or publication of this article.