Decrease in choroidal blood flow after half and one-third dose verteporfin photodynamic therapy for chronic central serous chorioretinopathy.
The effect of various reduced doses of verteporfin photodynamic therapy (PDT) on choroidal blood flow in chronic central serous chorioretinopathy (CSC) remains unclear. Therefore, this study aimed to evaluate choroidal blood flow after half-dose PDT (1/2PDT) and one-third dose PDT (1/3PDT) with verteporfin for chronic CSC using laser speckle flowgraphy and spectral-domain optical coherence tomography.Twenty-seven eyes of 27 patients with serous retinal detachment (SRD) caused by chronic CSC for more than 6 months were included in this study. Patients were divided into the 1/2PDT (n = 12; January 2018 to July 2019) and 1/3PDT (n = 15; August 2016 to December 2017) groups based on the treatment period. The best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA), central retinal thickness (CRT), central choroidal thickness (CCT), and mean blur rate in the macular area (m-MBR) and optic nerve head (ONH-MBR) were obtained using laser speckle flowgraphy and evaluated at baseline (pre-treatment), and 2 weeks, 1 month, 3 months, and 6 months after treatment.We found that SRD disappeared after 1 month in 92 and 93% of patients’ eyes in the 1/2PDT and 1/3PDT groups, respectively. Recurrence of SRD was observed in one eye at the 6-month follow-up after 1/2PDT and two eyes at the 3-month follow-up after 1/3PDT. No significant improvement was observed in baseline BCVA in the 1/3PDT and 1/2PDT groups. The average m-MBR against baseline significantly decreased at 2 weeks and 1, 3, and 6 months in the 1/2PDT group. The average m-MBR against baseline decreased significantly only at the 2 weeks follow-up in the 1/3PDT group. The average rate of change in the CCT against baseline decreased significantly throughout for up to 6 months in the 1/2PDT group and for up to 3 months in the 1/3PDT group. No significant fluctuation was observed in the ONH-MBR.Here, PDT significantly affected choroidal blood flow depending on the verteporfin dose in chronic CSC.This trial was retrospectively registered ( UMIN000026850 ; Approval date 03/04/2017).
Authors: Shun Kumashiro, Seiji Takagi, Takashi Itokawa, Akiko Tajima, Tatsuhiko Kobayashi, Yuichi Hori